is the acronym for the National Press
, founded in 1947. The organization is
based in Durham, North
Carolina and its mostly made up of still photographers, television videographers, editors,
and students in the journalism
The NPPA places emphasis on photojournalism
, or journalism that presents
a story through the use of photographs
moving pictures. The NPPA holds annual competitions as well as
several quarterly contests, seminars, and workshops designed to
stimulate personal growth in its members. The NPPA utilizes a
mentor program which offers its members the opportunity to
establish a relationship with a veteran NPPA member and learn from
them. The organization also offers a critique
service, a job bank, an online discussion
board, and various member benefits.
The National Press Photographers Association is dedicated to the
advancement of photojournalism
, in all news media
. NPPA encourages photojournalists to
reflect high standards of quality in their professional performance
and in their personal code of ethics
NPPA vigorously promotes freedom of
in all its forms. To this end, NPPA provides
continuing educational programs and fraternalism
without bias, as we support and
acknowledge the best the profession has to offer.
Their members include still and television photographers
representatives of businesses that serve the photojournalism
industry. , NPPA had over 8,000 paid professional members, about
1,500 paid student members, and nearly 500 life members—bringing
the total membership to just over 10,000.
Code of Ethics
Members of NPPA abide by a strict code of ethics:
The National Press Photographers Association, a professional society that promotes the
highest standards in photojournalism, acknowledges concern for
every person's need both to be fully informed about public events
and to be recognized as part of the world in which we live.
Photojournalists operate as trustees of the public. Our primary
role is to report visually on the significant events and on the
varied viewpoints in our common world. Our primary goal is the
faithful and comprehensive depiction of the subject at hand. As
photojournalists, we have the responsibility to document society
and to preserve its history through images.
Photographic and video images can reveal great truths, expose
wrongdoing and neglect, inspire hope and understanding and connect
people around the globe through the language of visual
understanding. Photographs can also cause great harm if they are
callously intrusive or are manipulated.
This code is intended to promote the highest quality in all forms
of photojournalism and to strengthen public confidence in the
profession. It is also meant to serve as an educational tool both
for those who practice and for those who appreciate
photojournalism. To that end, The National Press Photographers
Association sets forth the following Code of Ethics:
Code of Ethics
Photojournalists and those who manage visual news productions are
accountable for upholding the following standards in their daily
- Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of
- Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities.
- Be complete and provide context when photographing or recording
subjects. Avoid stereotyping individuals and groups. Recognize and
work to avoid presenting one's own biases in the work.
- Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special
consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of
crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the
public has an overriding and justifiable need to see.
- While photographing subjects do not intentionally contribute
to, alter, or seek to alter or influence events.
- Editing should maintain the integrity of the photographic
images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or
alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent
- Do not pay sources or subjects or reward them materially for
information or participation.
- Do not accept gifts, favors, or compensation from those who
might seek to influence coverage.
- Do not intentionally sabotage the efforts of other
Ideally, photojournalists should:
- Strive to ensure that the public's business is conducted in
public. Defend the rights of access for all journalists.
- Think proactively, as a student of psychology, sociology,
politics and art to develop a unique vision and presentation. Work
with a voracious appetite for current events and contemporary
- Strive for total and unrestricted access to subjects, recommend
alternatives to shallow or rushed opportunities, seek a diversity
of viewpoints, and work to show unpopular or unnoticed points of
- Avoid political, civic and business involvements or other
employment that compromise or give the appearance of compromising
one's own journalistic independence.
- Strive to be unobtrusive and humble in dealing with
- Respect the integrity of the photographic moment.
- Strive by example and influence to maintain the spirit and high
standards expressed in this code. When confronted with situations
in which the proper action is not clear, seek the counsel of those
who exhibit the highest standards of the profession.
Photojournalists should continuously study their craft and the
ethics that guide it.
NPPA was incorporated on October 3
. The original certificate of incorporation
outlined six key objectives.
- To advance press photography in all its branches
- To promote the general welfare and conditions in the press
- To create, promote, and maintain cordial relations and
cooperation, a higher spirit of fraternalism, the interchange of
thought and opinion freely, and a high standard of conduct among
- To distribute and disseminate accurate information in regard to
matters pertaining to the photographic press of the nation
- To settle equitably and justify the differences between its
- To preserve, stabilize, unify, and coordinate all elements of
the photographic press of the nation