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Part of the National Statuary Hall Collection
The National Statuary Hall Collection in the United States Capitolmarker comprises statues donated by individual states to honor persons notable in their history. Originally set up in the old Hall of the House of Representatives, renamed National Statuary Hall, the expanding collection has since been spread throughout the Capitol.

As of 2006, the collection consists of 100 statues contributed by 50 states. With the addition of New Mexico's second statue in 2005, the collection is now complete. Alabama, California, and Kansas each replaced one of their first two statues a few years after Congress authorized replacements.

A special act of Congress, , signed on December 1, 2005, directed the Joint Committee on the Library to obtain a statue of Rosa Parks and to place the statue in the United States Capitol in National Statuary Hall in a suitable permanent location.

History

The concept of a National Statuary Hall originated in the middle of the nineteenth century, even before the completion of the present House wing in 1857. At that time, the House of Representatives moved into its new larger chamber and the old vacant chamber became a thoroughfare between the Rotunda and the House wing. Suggestions for the use of the chamber were made as early as 1853 by Gouverneur Kemble, a former member of the House, who pressed for its use as a gallery of historical paintings. The space between the columns seemed too limited for this purpose, but it was well suited for the display of busts and statuary.

Unveiling and Dedication of the Po'pay statue, September 2005.
The 100th statue added to the collection.
The man is sculptor Cliff Fragua.
On April 19, 1864, Representative Justin S. Morrill asked: "To what end more useful or grand, and at the same time simple and inexpensive, can we devote it [the Chamber] than to ordain that it shall be set apart for the reception of such statuary as each State shall elect to be deserving of in this lasting commemoration?" His proposal to create a National Statuary Hall became law on July 2, 1864:
...the President is hereby authorized to invite each and all the States to provide and furnish statues, in marble or bronze, not exceeding two in number for each State, of deceased persons who have been citizens thereof, and illustrious for their historic renown or for distinguished civic or military services such as each State may deem to be worthy of this national commemoration; and when so furnished the same shall be placed in the Old Hall of the House of Representatives, in the Capitol of the United States, which is set apart, or so much thereof as may be necessary, as a national statuary hall for the purpose herein indicated.


Originally, all state statues were placed in National Statuary Hall. However, the aesthetic appearance of the Hall began to suffer from overcrowding until, in 1933, the situation became unbearable. At that time the Hall held 65 statues, which stood, in some cases, three deep. More important, the structure of the chamber would not support the weight of any more statues. Thus, in 1933 Congress passed a resolution that:
the Architect of the Capitol, upon the approval of the Joint Committee on the Library, with the advice of the Commission of Fine Arts, is hereby authorized and directed to relocate within the Capitol any of the statues already received and placed in Statuary Hall, and to provide for the reception and location of the statues received hereafter from the States.


Under authority of this resolution it was decided that only one statue from each state should be placed in Statuary Hall. The others would be given prominent locations in designated areas and corridors of the Capitol. A second rearrangement of the statues was made in 1976 by authorization of the Joint Committee on the Library. To improve the crowded appearance of the collection, thirty-eight statues were rearranged in Statuary Hall according to height and material. Statues representing ten of the thirteen original colonies were moved to the Central Hall of the East Front Extension on the first floor of the Capitol. The remainder of the statues were distributed throughout the Capitol, mainly in the Hall of Columns and the connecting corridors of the House and Senate wings. Legislation has been introduced in 2005 that would authorize the collection to include one statue from each U.S. Territory, and another bill provides for the District of Columbia to participate.

Each statue is the gift of a state, not of an individual or group of citizens. Proceedings for the donation of a statue usually begin in the state legislature with the enactment of a resolution that names the citizen to be commemorated and cites his or her qualifications, specifies a committee or commission to represent the state in selecting the sculptor, and provides for a method of obtaining the necessary funds to carry the resolution into effect. In recent years, the statues have been unveiled during ceremonies in the Rotunda and displayed there for up to six months. They are then moved to a permanent location approved by the Joint Committee on the Library. An act of Congress ( ), enacted in 2000, permits states to provide replacements and repossess the earlier one.




Collection

State Honoree Image Medium Sculptor Date placed Location
ALmarker Bronze Edward Hlavka 2009 Capitol Visitor Centermarker
ALmarker Bronze Berthold Nebel 1925 National Statuary Hall
AKmarker Bronze Felix W. de Weldon 1971 House corridor, 2nd fl.
AKmarker Bronze George Anthonisen 1977 Capitol Visitor Center
AZmarker Bronze Gutzon Borglum 1930 National Statuary Hall
AZmarker Bronze Suzanne Silvercruys 1965 Capitol Visitor Center
ARmarker Marble Frederick Ruckstull 1917 National Statuary Hall
ARmarker Marble Pompeo Coppini 1921 Capitol Visitor Center
CAmarker Bronze Chas Fagan 2009 Rotunda
CAmarker Bronze Ettore Cadorin 1931 National Statuary Hall
COmarker Bronze Joy Buba 1959 National Statuary Hall
COmarker Bronze George and
Mark Lundeen
1997 Capitol Visitor Center
CTmarker Marble Chauncey Ives 1872 The Crypt
CTmarker Marble Chauncey Ives 1872 House corridor, 2nd fl.
DEmarker Marble Bryant Baker 1934 Capitol Visitor Center
DEmarker Marble Bryant Baker 1934 the Crypt
FLmarker Marble C. Adrian Pillars 1914 National Statuary Hall
FLmarker Bronze C. Adrian Pillars 1922 Capitol Visitor Center
GAmarker Marble J. Massey Rhind 1926 the Crypt
GAmarker Marble Gutzon Borglum 1927 National Statuary Hall
HImarker Bronze Marisol Escobar 1969 Hall of Columns
HImarker Kamehameha I Bronze Thomas R. Gould 1969 Capitol Visitor Center
IDmarker Marble Frederick E. Triebel 1910 National Statuary Hall
IDmarker Bronze Bryant Baker 1947 Capitol Visitor Center
ILmarker Bronze Leonard W. Volk 1893 Hall of Columns
ILmarker Marble Helen F. Mears 1905 National Statuary Hall
INmarker Marble Charles Niehaus 1900 Senate Wing, 1st Floor
INmarker Marble Andrew O'Connor 1910 National Statuary Hall
IAmarker Bronze Nellie Walker 1910 Hall of Columns
IAmarker Bronze Vinnie Ream 1913 National Statuary Hall
KSmarker Marble Charles Niehaus 1905 National Statuary Hall
KSmarker Marble Charles Niehaus 1914 removed (now at Kansas State
Historical Society in Topekamarker)
KSmarker Bronze Jim Brothers 2003 Rotunda
KYmarker Bronze Charles Niehaus 1929 National Statuary Hall
KYmarker Bronze Charles Niehaus 1929 Capitol Visitor Center
LAmarker Bronze Charles Keck 1941 National Statuary Hall
LAmarker Bronze Arthur C. Morgan 1955 Capitol Visitor Center
MEmarker Marble Franklin Simmons 1878 House corridor, 2nd fl.
MEmarker Bronze Charles E. Tefft 1935 National Statuary Hall
MDmarker Bronze Richard E. Brooks 1903 The Crypt
MDmarker Bronze Richard E. Brooks 1903 Senate corridor, 2nd fl.
MAmarker Marble Anne Whitney 1876 the Crypt
MAmarker Marble Richard S. Greenough 1876 Hall of Columns
MImarker Marble Daniel Chester French 1889 National Statuary Hall
MImarker * Marble Charles H. Niehaus 1913 Hall of Columns
MNmarker Marble Frederick E. Triebel 1916 National Statuary Hall
MNmarker Bronze Evelyn Raymond 1958 Capitol Visitor Center
MSmarker Bronze Augustus Lukeman 1931 National Statuary Hall
MSmarker Bronze Augustus Lukeman 1931 Capitol Visitor Center
MOmarker Marble Alexander Doyle 1899 National Statuary Hall
MOmarker Marble Alexander Doyle 1899 Hall of Columns
MTmarker Bronze John B. Weaver 1959 National Statuary Hall
MTmarker Bronze Terry Minmaugh 1985 Capitol Visitor Center
NEmarker Bronze Rudulph Evans 1937 National Statuary Hall
NEmarker Bronze Rudulph Evans 1937 Capitol Visitor Center
NVmarker Bronze Yolande Jacobson 1960 National Statuary Hall
NVmarker Bronze Benjamin Victor 2005 Capitol Visitor Center
NHmarker Marble Carl Conrads 1894 The Crypt
NHmarker Marble Carl Conrads (after Thomas Ball) 1894 National Statuary Hall
NJmarker Bronze Henry Kirke Brown 1888 The Crypt
NJmarker Marble Henry Kirke Brown (completed by
H.

K.

Bush-Brown)
1888 vestibule north of Senate corridor, 1st fl.
NMmarker Bronze Felix W. de Weldon 1966 Vestibule north of Rotunda
NMmarker Po'pay Marble Cliff Fragua 2005 Capitol Visitor Center
NYmarker Bronze Henry Kirke Brown 1873 Small House rotunda
NYmarker Bronze Erastus Dow Palmer 1875 the Crypt
NCmarker Bronze Gutzon Borglum 1916 National Statuary Hall
NCmarker Bronze Charles Keck 1932 Crypt
NDmarker Bronze Avard Fairbanks 1963 National Statuary Hall
NDmarker Sakakawea Bronze Arizona Bronze Atelier (after Leonard Crunelle, 1909) 2003 Capitol Visitor Center
OHmarker Marble Charles Niehaus 1886 Rotunda
OHmarker Marble Charles Niehaus 1887 National Statuary Hall
OKmarker Sequoyah Bronze Vinnie Ream (completed by G. Julian Zolnay) 1917 National Statuary Hall
OKmarker Bronze Jo Davidson 1939 House corridor, 2nd fl.
ORmarker Bronze Gifford MacG. Proctor 1953 National Statuary Hall
ORmarker Bronze Gifford MacG. Proctor 1953 Capitol Visitor Center
PAmarker Marble Howard Roberts 1889 National Statuary Hall
PAmarker Marble Blanche Nevin 1889 The Crypt
RImarker Marble Henry Kirke Brown 1870 The Crypt
RImarker Marble Franklin Simmons 1872 Senate corridor, 2nd fl.
SCmarker Marble Frederick Ruckstull 1910 The Crypt
SCmarker Marble Frederick Ruckstull 1929 Capitol Visitor Center
SDmarker Bronze H. Daniel Webster 1938 National Statuary Hall
SDmarker Marble Bruno Beghé 1963 Capitol Visitor Center
TNmarker Bronze Belle Kinney Scholz
and Leopold F.

Scholz
1928 Rotunda
TNmarker Bronze Belle Kinney Scholz
and Leopold F.

Scholz
1931 National Statuary Hall
TXmarker Marble Elisabet Ney 1905 small House rotunda
TXmarker Marble Elisabet Ney 1905 National Statuary Hall
UTmarker Marble Mahonri Young 1950 National Statuary Hall
UTmarker Bronze James R. Avati 1990 Capitol Visitor Center
VTmarker Marble Larkin G. Mead 1876 National Statuary Hall
VTmarker Marble Preston Powers 1881 Hall of Columns
VAmarker Bronze Edward V. Valentine 1934 The Crypt
VAmarker Bronze Jean Antoine Houdon 1934 Rotunda
WAmarker Bronze Avard Fairbanks 1953 National Statuary Hall
WAmarker Bronze Felix W. de Weldon 1980 Capitol Visitor Center
WVmarker Marble Alexander Doyle 1901 Hall of Columns
WVmarker Marble Franklin Simmons 1910 National Statuary Hall
WImarker Marble Gaetano Trentanove 1896 House corridor, 2nd fl.
WImarker Marble Jo Davidson 1929 National Statuary Hall
WYmarker Bronze Avard Fairbanks 1960 National Statuary Hall vestibule
WYmarker Washakie Bronze Dave McGary 2000 Capitol Visitor Center


*Note: On August 31, 2006, the California Legislature approved a joint resolution to replace Thomas Starr King's statue in the National Statuary Hall Collection with a statue of Ronald Reagan. It was unveiled June 3, 2009. In 2007, the Michigan legislature approved a resolution to replace Zachariah Chandler's statue with Gerald Ford. Chandler's statue remains in the Capitol pending replacement.

Replacement of statues

A 2003 change in the law allows a state to remove a previously-placed statue from the collection and replace it with another. Since this change, three states have replaced statues, and a fourth is in the process of doing so:

Sculptor Charles Niehaus has more sculptures in the collection (seven) than any other artist, despite the fact that his Glick statue was replaced. Should his Chandler statue be replaced, Niehaus' six remaining statues will still be the most by any single sculptor.

References

  1. http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/nsh/eisenhower.cfm
  2. http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/nsh/reagan.cfm
  3. http://www.newstribune.com/articles/2008/12/01/news_state/031state13ford.txt


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