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National Taiwan University (NTU; 國立臺灣大學) is a national co-educational university located in Taipei Citymarker, Taiwanmarker. In Taiwan, it is colloquially known as "Taida" (台大). Its main campus is set upon 1,086,167 square meters in Taipei's Da'an District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taiwan, occupying a total of 345,830,000 square meters. Currently the University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 96 graduate institutes and 4 research centers and offers diplomas in over 100 fields of study.

NTU is the top-ranking university in Taiwan and placed among best 95 universities in the world by several well-reputed rankings (HEEACT, Times Higher Education 2009, Global University Ranking 2009, Webometrics Ranking of World Universities).

NTU was founded in 1928 by the Japanese during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II and Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese sovereignty, the Republic of Chinamarker government resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.

NTU has strong ties with the Academia Sinica. NTU admits students based solely on merit, disregarding other factors such as race, religion, or gender. The female-to-male ratio in the undergraduate population is about 0.9:1.

Many influential individuals in Taiwanese society received their education at NTU, including government officials in both pan-blue and pan-green camps. The university also produced one Nobel prize laureate, Lee Yuan-tseh (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1986), and the first Taiwanese to receive the prize.

History

National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (台北帝國大學, Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded by Taiwan's Japanese colonial government in 1928 as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japanmarker.

The school's first president was Hiroshi Shidehara. The Taihoku Imperial University began with a College of Liberal Arts and Law and a College of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The College of Medicine and the College of Engineering were added in 1936 and 1943, respectively. After World War II the incoming Republic of Chinamarker government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed the National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president.

Today, the National Taiwan University serves nearly 30,000 students through 11 colleges, 54 departments, and 96 graduate institutes (which offer 96 master's programs and 83 doctoral programs). A new library, built in 1998, now contains over 3 million volumes. In 2010, the university is scheduled to merge with the National Taipei University of Education, the city's oldest institution of higher learning.

University emblem

The emblem with the figure of the plum blossom, the blue-and-white background and the thunder-and-cloud line pattern combine the spiritual ideals of the nation and its cultural traditions, as well as those of all members of the university community.
  • The University Motto: "Integrity, Diligence, Patriotism and Philanthropy," the cornerstone of NTU philosophy and personal comportment;
  • The Fu Bell: A reminder of discipline and enlightenment; and
  • The University Tree: The royal palm as a symbol of growth and nurture, broad vision and steadfast willpower.


Academics

NTU offers the bachelor's degree, master's degree, and doctorate degree in many disciplines.Students are given the flexibility to select courses offered by any colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score.Traditionally, medicine, electrical engineering, and law are the three most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the medical degree takes seven years to finish.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for males, but it is a prerequisite if the student plans to be an officer during his mandatory military service.

Organization

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

The colleges in NTU are:
  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science
  • College of Social Science
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Bio-resource and Agriculture
  • College of Management
  • College of Public Health
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  • College of Law
  • College of Life Science
  • School of Veterinary Medicine
  • School of Dentistry


The International Chinese Language Program , founded by Stanford Universitymarker, is located at National Taiwan University.

GMBA (Global MBA)

The GMBA program is made up nearly half international and half local students. The classes are conducted all in English. The students work on real life consulting practices partnering with top business schools such as Wharton Business School. The core classes include marketing management, organizational behavior, finance management, managerial economics, information management and managerial accounting. The teachers come from a diverse background with international accreditation.

Campus

An avenue of royal palms leads to the library on the National Taiwan University main campus
The University has six campuses in the greater Taipeimarker region (including Taipei County) and two additional campuses in Nantou County, amounting to nearly 1% of the total area of the Taiwanmarker island. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes.The main campus (interactive map) is situated in Taipei's Daan district near Gongguan, where most college department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. Notable exceptions are the College of Law, the College of Social Science, and the College of Medicine, which are located near the Presidential Buildingmarker.

The six campuses are:
  • Main Campus (No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Law, Social Sciences and Public Health (No.21, Hsu-chou Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Medicine (No. 1, Sec.1, Jen-ai Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Hospital (No. 7, Chung-shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Farm (No.7, Jiu-kuang Road, Hsin-tien, Taipei County, Taiwan)
  • Wenshan Botanical Garden (No.4, Lei-kung Po, Geh-tou Tsun, Shih-ting, Taipei County, Taiwan)


Research Stations

The three research stations are:
  • Highland Farm (No.136, Jen-heh Road, Ta-tung Tsun, Jen-ai, Nan-tou County, Taiwan
  • Experimental Forest
  • Department of Forestry (No. 12, Sec.1, Chien-shan Road, Shiang-shan, Nan-tou County, Taiwan)


University Presidents

Presidents of Taihoku Imperial University:

Presidents of National Taiwan University:

Alumni

NTU alumni are influential in the politics of Taiwan as well as in academics.

Academics

University chancellors

  • Tien, Chang-lin (田長霖): the 8th Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley
  • Henry T. Yang (楊祖佑): the 5th Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Barbara.


Humanities and social sciences



Physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering



Life sciences



Politics



Business



Entertainment

  • Alec Su (蘇有朋): actor and singer; majored in mechanical engineering (did not graduate)
  • Wakin Chau (周華健): singer; majored in mathematics


Notes

  1. The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it is Taiwan National University.
  2. National Taiwan University_Campus Location & Area
  3. " National Taiwan University, (2007) " About NTU
  4. " Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan, (2007) " 2007 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
  5. http://www.globaluniversitiesranking.org/images/banners/top-100(eng).pdf
  6. http://www.webometrics.info/top100_continent.asp?cont=asia
  7. " National Taiwan University, (2007) " NTU history
  8. Lee Yuan-tseh, Nobel biography
  9. NTU emblem


See also



External links




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