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National conservatism is a political term used to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests and tend to traditional social and ethical views and, in the European context, to euroscepticism than standard conservatism, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far right approach. Many national conservatives are social conservatives, in favour of limiting immigration, and in Europe, they are usually eurosceptics.

National conservatism is related to social conservatism, and as such may be heavily oriented towards the traditional family and social stability. According to one Austrianmarker scholar, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a centre of identity, solidarity and emotion."

Besides those common elements, national conservatives may hold different views in different countries, depending on local factors. This is particularly true in the case of economic issues, where the views of national conservatives can range anywhere between support for a planned economy to advocating a centrist mixed economy to upholding a laissez-faire economy.

As such, national conservatives can be distinguished from economic conservatives, for whom free market economic policies are the main priority. Some commentators have identified a growing gap between national and economic conservatism: "...most parties of the Right [today] are run by economic conservatives who, in varying degrees, have marginalized social, cultural, and national conservatives."

National-conservative parties worldwide

Historical national-conservative parties

See also


  2. Traynor, Ian, The EU's weary travellers The Guardian, April 4, 2006
  3. Rosenberger, Sieglinde, Europe is swinging towards the right - What are the effects on women?, University of Vienna, 2002
  4. National questions - conservatives fragmenting as liberals unite, National Review, June 30, 1997
  6. Goethe and Dostoyevsky Escape Poland's Literary Cull, Der Spiegel, June 6, 2007

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