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The Natural Law Party is a defunct political party founded in the USA and around the world. The party platform was based on the concept that Natural Law is the organizing principle that governs the universe, and that the problems of humanity are caused by people violating natural law. The Natural Law Party (NLP) supported using scientifically verifiable procedures such as the Transcendental Meditation technique and TM-Sidhi program to reduce or eliminate the problems in society.

United States

The Natural Law Party (NLP) in the USA was founded in 1992 by a group of educators, business leaders, and lawyers in Fairfieldmarker, Iowamarker, many of whom practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique.

The Party ran as a third party with a center-left ideology. It had liberal positions on abortion and gay rights. It supported the use of scientifically verified solutions to combat social ills such as poverty, crime, racism, bigotry.

John Hagelin, a physics professor at Maharishi University of Managementmarker, was the NLP candidate for president of the United States in the 1992, 1996, and 2000 elections. In the 2000 Presidential election Hagelin received 84,000 votes.

In 1996, the NLP ran more than 400 candidates in 48 states and attracted support from Democrats, Republicans and independents.

According to the Federal Election Commission (FEC), the NLP spent $2.3 million on its presidential campaign in the 1999-2000 election cycle.

In 2000, Hagelin created an independent coalition between the Natural Law and the Reform political party, The coalition failed when Patrick Buchanan took control of the Reform Party.

Between 2000 and 2004, the Natural Law Party sought to create an independent coalition of voters interested in election law reform. In 2002, the party endorsed Independence Party of Minnesota candidate for Minnesota Governor, Tim Penny. In 2004, the Natural Law Party endorsed Democratic Party presidential candidate Dennis Kucinich.

The Natural Law Party did not run a candidate for president in the 2004 U.S. election and Hagelin went on to create an organization called the US Peace Government

The Idaho Natural Law Party remained active, and was prepared to have three candidates on the ballot for state and federal office in 2006 by entering into a coalition with the new United Party, and thus remained the only Natural Law Party still active in the United States of America. However, on June 16 the Idaho Natural Law Party changed its name to the United Party.

According to the Natural Law Party official web site the national headquarters of the Natural Law Party closed effective on April 30, 2004 and the US Peace Government is now carrying forward the programs, policies, and ideals of the Natural Law Party. The party is still active in some states. In 2008 the Michigan Natural Law Party nominated Ralph Nader to be its presidential candidate and the Mississippi Natural Law Party nominated Brian Moore.

United Kingdom

The first Natural Law Party was launched in the UKmarker, with Dr. Geoffrey Clements as Party Leader. The UK manifesto was founded on two assertions: (1) that the development of consciousness, in particular through the practice of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs including Yogic Flying, can enhance society's ability to resolve problems; and, (2) that the group practice of these techniques by a critical mass of the population, can result in overall improvements in society, including reduced crime, accidents and hospital admissions, and increased prosperity, national security and over all quality of life. The party quoted peer-reviewed published scientific research for many of its assertions.

In the 1992 general election, 310 candidates stood for the NLP in the UK, garnering 0.19% of the vote. A significant number of constituencies were contested by nationals of countries outside the UK, including Canadamarker, Australia, New Zealandmarker, and Indiamarker, as British electoral law allows any member of a Commonwealth country to stand for Parliament. A week before the 1992 general election, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi suggested to George Harrison that he and Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr stand for election as MPs for Liverpoolmarker as NLP candidates. Although they declined to stand for election, Harrison performed at a fund-raising concert at the Royal Albert Hallmarker in London for the NLP during the campaign.

In the 1997 general election, the NLP ran 197 candidates for Parliament in the UK, garnering 0.10% of the vote.

The NLP ran 16 candidates in the 20 by-elections held between 1992 and 1997, averaging 0.30% of the vote, with every candidate losing their deposit.

The NLP ran 8 candidates for the 16 by-elections held between 1997 and 2001, averaging 0.10% of the vote with every candidate losing their deposit.

The NLP did not run any candidates for Parliament in the 2001 general election or in the succeeding by-elections.

The party ceased to submit accounts to the Electoral Commission from 2004.

Republic of Ireland

The Republic of Irelandmarker had a Natural Law Party, centered in Dublinmarker. Its highest profile candidate was Paddy Seery from Offalymarker. The party was later disbanded.

Australia

In Australia, some candidates gained as much as 10% of the vote, the party was discontinued in 2002.

New Zealand

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