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Nelson John Beach (September 21, 1800 Hebronmarker, Tolland County, Connecticutmarker - February 22, 1876 Watsonmarker, Lewis County, New Yorkmarker) was an American surveyor, businessman and politician from New Yorkmarker.


He was the son of John Beach (1770-1845). The family removed from Litchfield, Connecticutmarker, to Watson, NY, in 1814. He married Emily Porter, and their children were George Byron Beach (d. 1870) and Anna Lydia Beach.

Beach became a land surveyor, and was engaged on the survey of a highway through the wilderness, projected to run from Crown Point on Lake Champlainmarker to Carthagemarker, Jefferson County, New Yorkmarker.

An Act, passed on March 29, 1828, by the New York State Legislature, allowed Nelson J. Beach to erect and exploit a toll bridge over the Black River between Lowville, NYmarker, and Watson, NY.

He was Supervisor of the Town of Watson from 1831 to 1834, from 1837 to 1838, and in 1845. He was a Whig member from Lewis Countymarker of the New York State Assembly in 1846, and of the New York State Senate in 1847. Here he advocated the construction of the Black River Canal.

He was one of the first three Canal Commissioners elected in 1847 under the New York State Constitution of 1846, and drew the two-year term, being in office from 1848 to 1849. In 1849, he ran for re-election on the Whig ticket, but was defeated by Frederick Follett. From January 1850 to November 1852, he was a Canal Appraiser. In 1854, he became Vice-President and Superintendent of Construction of the Hudson River Railroad. In 1855, he resigned this post, and accepted the appointment as Resident Engineer on the Eastern Division of the New York State Canals, remaining on the canal work for two years. Afterwards he took charge of the abandoned Ogdensburg, Clayton and Rome Railroad and closed up its affairs.

In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Assessor of Internal Revenue for the counties of Jefferson, Lewis and Herkimermarker.


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