New Bedford is a city in
County, Massachusetts, United
States, located 51 miles (82 kilometers) south of
Boston, 28 miles (45 kilometers) southeast of
Island, and about 12 miles (19 kilometers) east of
As of the 2000 census
, the city had a total
population of 93,768, making it the seventh-largest in the state.
New Bedford is nicknamed "The Whaling City" because it was, during
the nineteenth century, one of the most important whaling
ports in the world. The city, along with
River, is one of two cities on the south coast of
1600s, the Wampanoags, who had settlements
throughout southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, including
Vineyard and Nantucket, were the only inhabitants of the lands along the
population is believed to have been about 12,000. While exploring
Gosnold landed on Cuttyhunk island on May 15, 1602. From there, he explored Cape Cod and the neighboring areas, including present-day
New Bedford. However, rather than settle the area, he
returned to England at the
request of his crew.
Europeans first settled New Bedford in 1652. Plymouth Colony
settlers purchased the land
from chief Massasoit
of the Wampanoag
tribe. Whether the transfer of the land was legitimately done has
been the subject of intense controversy. Like other native tribes,
the Wampanoags did not share the settlers' concepts of private
property. The tribe believed they were granting usage rights to the
land, not giving it up permanently.
settlers used the land to build the colonial town of Old Dartmouth
(which encompassed not only present-day Dartmouth, but also present-day New Bedford, Acushnet, Fairhaven, and Westport).
A section of Old Dartmouth near the west
bank of the Acushnet River, originally called Bedford Village, was
officially incorporated as the town
of New Bedford in 1787. The name was suggested by the Russell
family who were prominent citizens of the community. It comes from
the fact that the Dukes of Bedford
a leading English aristocratic house, also bore the surname
Russell. (Bedford, Massachusetts had already been incorporated by 1787; hence "New"
The late-eighteenth century was a time of growth for the town. New
Bedford's first newspaper, The Medley
(also known as
New Bedford Marine Journal
), came into being in 1792. On
June 12, 1792, the town set up its first post office with William
Tobey as its first postmaster. The creation of a bridge (originally
a toll bridge) between New Bedford and present-day Fairhaven in
1796 also spurred growth. (Fairhaven separated from New Bedford in
1812, forming an independent town that included both present-day
Fairhaven and present-day Acushnet.) The town of New Bedford
officially became a city in 1847; Abraham Hathaway Howland was
elected its first mayor.
Immigration to New Bedford
North Congregational Church, Purchase
Until 1800, New Bedford and its surrounding communities were, by
and large, populated by Protestants of English, Scottish, and Welsh
origin. During the first half of the nineteenth century, however, a
large wave of Irish people came to Massachusetts.
In 1818, Irish immigrants established the Catholic mission that
built St. Mary's Church. Later in that century, immigrants from
Portugal and its dependent territories of the Azores, Cape
Verde and Madeira began arriving in New Bedford and the surrounding
area, largely because of the whaling industry.
increase, they established the first Portuguese parish in the city,
St. John the Baptist (1871). The French (chiefly French-Canadian)
also secured a foothold in New Bedford at about the same time, and
they built the Church of the Sacred Heart in 1877.
Similarly, Polish-Americans established the parish of Our Lady of
Perpetual Help in 1903. A number of Jewish families, arriving in
the late 19th century, were active in the whaling industry, selling
provisions and outfitting ships. During the years leading up to the
First World War, a sizable eastern-European Jewish community joined
them in New Bedford, many of whom became prominent merchants and
businessmen, mainly in textiles and manufacturing.
African-American history in New Bedford
, a whaling captain active in
the New Bedford whaling industry, was born in nearby Cuttyhunk and
settled in Westport, Massachusetts. Many of his ships sailed out of
was an African-American
blacksmith who invented the toggle iron, a type of toggling harpoon
, which revolutionized the
whaling industry and enabled the capture of more whales. There is a
monument to Temple in downtown New Bedford.
In 1838, Frederick Douglass
runaway slave who became a famous abolitionist, settled in New
Bedford. A historic building and monument dedicated
to Douglass can be found today at the Nathan and Polly Johnson
Frederick Douglas was not the only fugitive slave or freedman to
see New Bedford as a welcoming place to settle. New Bedford had a
small but thriving African-American community during the
ante-bellum period. It was the home of a number of members of the
, an American Civil
regiment which fought, with considerable distinction, to
preserve the Union. The 54th Massachusetts was the first regiment
in the country's history formed entirely by African-American troops
(who served with white officers). The most famous of these soldiers was
William Harvey Carney, who
made sure that the American flag never touched the ground during
the Union assault on Fort
Wagner, South Carolina, near Charleston.
an elementary school in New Bedford named in his honor.
Bishop "Sweet Daddy" Grace
, a native of
Brava, Cape Verde Islands was a New Bedford resident who founded
the United House
of Prayer for All People
, one of the largest African-American
sects in America. He is buried in New Bedford.
New Bedford is located at (41.651803, -70.933705). According to the
United States Census
, the city has a total area of 62.2 square kilometers
(24.0 square miles). Of the total area, 20.1 square miles
) is land, and 3.9 square miles
)(16.23%) is water. New Bedford is a
coastal city, a seaport, bordered on the west by Dartmouth, on the north by Freetown, on the east by Acushnet and Fairhaven, and on the south by Buzzards Bay.
Bedford Harbor, a body of water shared with Fairhaven, is actually
the estuary of the Acushnet River
where it empties into Buzzards Bay.
The river empties into the bay beyond
Clark's Point, the southernmost point of the city. To the west of
Clark's Point is Clark's Cove, which extends landward approximately
one and a half mile from the bay. Just south of Palmers Island,
beginning near Fort Phoenix in Fairhaven, lies a two-mile-long
hurricane barrier, constructed in the 1960s to protect the inner
harbor where the fishing fleet anchors. Along with Palmers Island,
the city also lays claim to Fish Island
and Pope's Island
. Between these two islands lies
one of the three sections, the central section, of the New
Bedford-Fairhaven Bridge. The central span, a swing bridge,
connects the two islands as well as allowing boats and ships
passage to the upper harbor. Two conventional bridges connect each
of the islands to the nearest mainland, Fish Island to New Bedford
and Pope's Island to Fairhaven. In addition to the harbor, there
are several small brooks and ponds within the city limits.
There are several parks and playgrounds located throughout the
city, the largest being Brooklawn Park in the north end, Fort Taber
Park (also referred to as Fort Rodman, the name of another fort
built there) at Clark's Point, and Buttonwood Park, directly west
of the downtown area near the Dartmouth town line. Buttonwood Park
is also the site of a lagoon which feeds into Buttonwood Brook, and
the Buttonwood Zoo. In the northwest part of the town, extending
into Dartmouth, lies the Acushnet Cedar Swamp State
At least three private ferry
originate at New Bedford. As of 2006, New England Fast Ferry company
offers fast catamaran ferry service
between New Bedford and Martha's Vineyard; and the Cuttyhunk Ferry Company runs scheduled
ferry services to Cuttyhunk Island. Ferry service from New Bedford dates back to
May 15, 1818, when the
steamboat The Eagle carried 600 passengers across the Nantucket
run from east to west through the city.
US 6 leaves the city over the New
Bedford-Fairhaven Bridge, a swing truss bridge, and the Popes Island
New Bedford is the southern terminus of MA 140
, which is a freeway
. MA 18
, also known
as the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway, is a freeway
for the short stretch connecting I-195 to US
6 and the port area.
The Port of New Bedford serves as a break-bulk handler of
perishable items, including fruit and fish; the port also handles
other cargo. For 2006, the port expected upwards of 30 cruise ship
calls. One public and several private marinas offer limited
transient dockage for recreational boats. As of November, 2005, the
port is the top U.S. fishing port in terms of dollar value of
Regional Airport EWB, a towered Class D airport offering two runways
and a precision instrument landing system, is located in the
central portion of the city with easy access to highways.
scheduled passenger service is provided to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard by Cape Air, and scheduled
cargo service to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard by Boston-Maine Airways.
services, including seaplane charters, are available for
destinations throughout the southern New England/New York region.
In addition, the airport provides a range of general aviation and
corporate jet services including aircraft maintenance facilities
and flight instruction.
The city bus terminal offers local and long distance bus
connections. A free shuttle bus connects the bus terminal and the
ferries. The Southeastern Regional Transit Authority
(SRTA) provides bus service between the city, Fall
River, and the surrounding regions. As of October, 2006,
private carrier DATTCO provides daily commuter bus service to
Boston via Taunton.
Private carrier Peter Pan Bus Lines no
longer offers bus service to Boston.
has proposed providing commuter rail
service to the
city. As of May 14, 2006, total capital costs for commuter rail
service to New Bedford were projected to be $800 million, and the
project has not yet been funded by the state; which is still
reeling financially from the financial excesses of the Big Dig
project in Boston. CSX
(formerly Conrail) provides freight rail service
to New Bedford, terminating at the New Bedford Rail Yard in the
April 6, 2007, Governor Deval Patrick has proposed a 1.6 billion
dollar plan to bring commuter rail service to New Bedford and
City Government and Services
New Bedford is governed by a Mayor-Council form of government. The
mayor is currently Attorney Scott Lang, who was elected over
incumbent Frederick Kalisz in 2006. He is a Democrat and won the
election in 2009.
The New Bedford Police Department patrols the city from four
stations. The main station is located on Rockdale Avenue in a
converted supermarket plaza and replaces the former headquarters
located downtown). There are also branches in the North End (at the
intersection of Tarkiln Hill Road and Ashley Boulevard), South End
(along Cove Street near the end of Route 18), and Downtown (on
Pleasant Street near City Hall).
The Fire Department is full-time, and has seven firehouses
distributed around the city. The Fire Department headquarters (sta.
#2) is located on Purchase Street in the downtown district which
houses administrative offices of the department as well as
There are four post offices, the Central (a scaled replica of New
York's Penn Station Post Office) located downtown, one located in
the South End, and two more located in the North End. The city
formerly operated a trash dump located in the Mount Pleasant area
of town between the regional airport and the Whaling City Golf
Course. However, owing to pollution concerns, the dump was closed
in the 1990s.
State and National Government
New Bedford is represented by four state
, representing the Ninth, Eleventh, Twelfth and
Thirteenth districts. The Ninth includes Dartmouth, as well as parts of Freetown and Lakeville; the Thirteenth includes parts of Freetown,
Lakeville and Middleborough; and the Eleventh and Twelfth are both entirely
within New Bedford.
The city is represented in the state senate
, by Senator Mark C.W.
in the Second Bristol and
Plymouth district, which includes the towns of Acushnet,
Massachusetts, Dartmouth, Fairhaven, and Mattapoisett.
The Third Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police
located nearby in Dartmouth, patrol New Bedford.
The city is part of Massachusetts's 4th
, represented by U.S. Representative Barney Frank
. The state's senior (Class I)
, is John F. Kerry
. As of
early September 2009, state's second Senatorial seat is vacant
following the death of Sen. Edward M. Kennedy.
During the 2006-07 academic year, the New Bedford school district
(then under the direction of Superintendent Michael Longo) was one
of several in Massachusetts labeled as "underperforming" under the
guidelines. The school system,
like that of nearby Fall River, is also in the process of major
school upgrades and consolidations, having rebuilt several of its
schools in recent years. The most recent, Keith Middle School, made
headlines for the problems involved in the cleanup of the polluted
soil on the site.
The school district, headquartered in the former high school
building on County Street, is made up of twenty-eight schools,
- Charles S. Ashley Elementary
- Elizabeth Carter Brooks Elementary
- Elwyn G. Campbell Elementary
- Sgt. William H. Carney Academy
- James B. Congdon Elementary
- John B. DeValles Elementary
- George H. Dunbar Elementary
- Alfred J. Gomes Elementary
- Ellen R. Hathaway Elementary
- John Hannigan Elementary
- Hayden-McFadden Elementary
- Horatio A. Kempton Elementary
- Abraham Lincoln Elementary
- Sarah D. Ottiwell Elementary
- Carlos Pacheco Elementary
- John Avery Parker Elementary
- Phillips Avenue Elementary
- Casimir Pulaski
- Thomas R. Rodman Elementary
- Jireh Swift Elementary
- William H. Taylor Elementary
- Betsey B. Winslow Elementary
- John B. Devalles Elementary
New Bedford High School
- Keith Middle School - serving the central part of the city -
NOTE: The Keith Middle School was built on top of
the city's former dump and Andre McCoy Soccer Fields. Buried under
the school, beneath of dirt and two warning barriers PCB's and
other chemicals dumped there still reside. The government maintains
the safety of the cap. The school is 70 million dollars over budget
and was paid for through a special arrangement which will prevent a
greater replacement of grade schools throughout the city.
- Normandin Middle School - serving the North End, named for a
French doctor from the school's area
- Roosevelt Middle School - serving the South End
- Nativity Prep.-serving the New bedford area - Nativity Prep is
an independent, tuition-free, all boys middle school. It is run by
volunteer teachers most of whom are directly out of college. It is
a highly challenging environment, however, students from this
school have gone on to great high educations at some of the premier
private schools across New England.
one of the largest high schools in the state. The school colors are
crimson and white and the school mascot is a whaler. The school
fight song, "On, New Bedford!," is sung to the tune of "On, Wisconsin!
The school's athletic teams are named the "Whalers," in honor of
the city's whaling legacy and compete in the MIAA's Division I. The
athletics teams have always been regularly dominant in regional and
state competitions and in recent years the wrestling teams, men and
women soccer teams, men and women volleyball teams, and men's
basketball teams have all come out on top. Traditionally, New
Bedford High School has had an intense rivalry with Fall River's
B.M.C. Durfee High School. Their Thanksgiving Day
match-up has been played over one hundred times.
New Bedford High school has had a long tradition of excellence in
the arts regionally, state-wide, and nationally with its
award-winning drama club, choral program [including show choir],
jazz ensemble and whaler marching band. Stretching as far back as
over the past 20 years. The New Bedford High School drama club was
awarded the Moss Hart Award [named after the famous playwright and
director] as presented by his widow, Kitty Carlisle-Hart. The
choral program excelled earning 1st place in the Massachusetts
All-States Choral competition. The marching band has been
successful over the past several years, having won 1st place in
regional, state and national championships.
Greater New Bedford Regional Vocational Technical High
New Bedford is also the home to Greater
New Bedford Regional Vocational-Technical High School
, a large
vocational high school serving New Bedford, Dartmouth and
Fairhaven. Its teams are called the "Bears," and wear green and
Other Public Schools
In addition, the school
operates an alternative junior-senior high school, West Side High School
out of the original New Bedford Vocational High School building.
There is also a charter school
Global Learning Charter Public School 
, which serves
There are seven Catholic schools
within the city. Many of the students who attend these
schools go on to attend Bishop Stang High School in neighboring Dartmouth.
There are also two
preschools and the Nazarene Christian Academy, a school operated by
the Church of the Nazarene
also is the site of the marine campus of University
of Massachusetts Dartmouth (located at Fort Rodman) as well as its satellite
visual art campus located in the former Star Store building
New Bedford is also home to one of Fisher
's neighborhood campuses. Located on Church
Street in the north end of the city, they serve adult learners from
the greater New Bedford region and the surrounding communities of
Taunton, Wareham, and Fall
Two Catholic high schools closed
recently: Saint Anthony High in 1978, and Holy Family High School,
which closed in 1984. Both schools were small in registrations but
were considered by some to be influential in New Bedford's 20th
century culture. As of the end of the 2006/2007 school year, Our
Lady Of Mt. Carmel, located on Crapo St in the city's South End,
had closed down because of financial difficulties.
New Bedford and surrounding communities are a part of the Providence metropolitan
At the 2000 census
, there were 93,768
people, 38,178 households and 24,090 families residing in the city.
The population density
per square mile (1,799/km2
). There were 41,511 housing
units at an average density of 2,063/sq mi
). The racial makeup of the city was
"officially" 78.86% White
0.62% Native American
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 9.51% from
, and 5.92%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 10.21% of the
population. The ethnic makeup of the city is estimated
to be 38.6% Portuguese, 9.1%
Verdean, 7.9% Irish, 7.3%
English, and 7.1%
There were 38,178 households, of which 31.2% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married
living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all
households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.
Age distribution was 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24,
28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65
years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100
females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and
over, there were 84.4 males.
The median household income
was $27,569, and the median family income was $35,708. Males had a
median income of $31,388 versus $22,278 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$15,602. About 17.3% of families and 20.2% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 29.1%
of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, crime
had dropped to a 20-year low
with 3,166 total crimes tracked by the Crime Reporting Unit of the
Massachusetts State Police, of which 789 were violent crimes (the
lowest violent crime rate since 1975), and 2,377 were property
On December 8, 2001, New Bedford was the site of the biggest
cocaine drug arrest in Massachusetts history with a total of 260
kilograms. The leader was Rafael Yeje Cabrera. .
According to witnesses and police, on February 1, 2006, Jacob D. Robida
attacked and seriously wounded three
patrons of Puzzles Lounge, a New Bedford gay bar. He fled to Arkansas where he murdered a female companion and a police
officer and later died from wounds (seemingly self-inflicted)
received in a shootout.
New Bedford appeared on America's Most Wanted
11, 2006, for three unsolved murders: that of Marcus Cruz in 2001,
Cecil Lopes III in 2004 and Dana Haywood in 2005, run as part of a
report on the Stop Snitching phenomenon that has hindered police
investigations nationwide. New Bedford is called "The Secret City"
because of the Stop Snitching phenomenon. The show, broadcast on
February 11, received good ratings, but "almost no" calls, being
one of the first episodes, the first for such to happen. New
Bedford has thirty unsolved homicides since 2000. Most stem from
the ongoing feuds between the United Front and Monte Park
neighborhoods. The gangs are located in the south and west ends of
the city. The north end of the city closest to rt. 18 is notorious
for drug activity and also infamous for the 1983 gang rape at big
dan's bar on bellevue ave. In recent years over 80 gang members
from UFP, Monte Park and Latin King/MS-13 members have been
detained, indicted and imprisoned curbing violence in 2007 and
2008. However during the past 3 weeks New Bedford has suffered four
On December 12, 2006, gunman Scott Medeiros shot and killed a
doorman and a manager at the Foxy Lady nightclub, shot a patron and
two police officers and then killed himself.
On March 7, 2007, Michael Bianco, Inc., a leather products factory,
was raided by Immigration and Customs
agents. 361 illegal immigrants were arrested by
approximately 300 federal, state and local law enforcement
officers. About 90 were transported to Texas in preparation for
deportation, some without being contacted by the Department of
Social Services regarding infants and toddlers without care. About
20 DSS case workers were sent to Texas.
On March 6, 1983, Cheryl Araujo
gang raped at Big Dan's Bar in New Bedford. The film The Accused
was based on this
The Ash Street Jail
, which houses
inmates from Bristol County, is located in New Bedford.
View of historic New Bedford
The economy of the Pilgrim settlement in the New Bedford area was
initially based around a few farming and fishing villages. The
early Bedford Village quickly became a commercial zone and from
there became a major whaling
trade port. In the early 1700s, the Russell family purchased this
area and developed it into a larger village (Joseph Russell III
having made the most significant contributions). By the 18th
century, entrepreneurs in the area, such as whaling merchants from
Nantucket, were attracted to the village and helped make it into
one of the top whaling cities in the country. The most significant
of these merchants was Joseph Rotch
who bought 10 acres (four hectares) of land in 1765 from Joseph
Russell III on which he and his sons ran the family business. Rotch
moved his business to New Bedford since it would be better for
refining whale oil and manufacturing candles made from whales.
parts of the whaling industry had been monopolized by a merchant
cartel in Boston, Newport, Rhode Island, and Providence, Rhode Island, Rotch felt that it would be better for business to
handle these himself by moving to the mainland.
The relationship between New Bedford and Nantucket allowed the two
cities to dominate the whaling industry. In 1848 New Bedford
resident Lewis Temple
, an invention that
would revolutionize the whaling industry. This helped make New
Bedford more powerful than Nantucket, thus making it the most
powerful city in the whaling industry. As a result of its control
over whaling products that were used widely throughout the world
(most importantly whale oil), New Bedford became one of the richest
per capita cities in the world.
whalers would quit their jobs in 1849, though, as the Gold Rush attracted many of them to leave New
Bedford for California. During this time Herman Melville, who worked in New Bedford
as a whaler, wrote the novel Moby-Dick and published it in 1851; the city
would be the initial setting of the book, including a scene set in
Bethel, which still stands today.
Despite the power
it gave to New Bedford, the whaling industry began to decline
starting in 1859 when petroleum
would become a popular alternative to whale
, was discovered. Another blow came with the Whaling Disaster of 1871
, in which
twenty-two New Bedford whalers were lost in the ice off the coast
of Alaska. The New Bedford firm J. & W. R. Wing Company
, the largest
whaling company in the United States, sent out its last whaleship
in 1914, and whaling in New Bedford came to its final end in 1925,
with the last whaling expedition being made by the schooner
John R. Manta
In the mid-1840s, New Bedford was the site of the first petroleum
fuel refinery in the United States, as newly discovered
Pennsylvania crude oil was shipped to New Bedford to be refined for
lamp oil and other oil. Standard Oil would ultimately buy this
refinery, located on Fish Island. Fish Island was also the site of
an early experiment in coal gasification, leading to an explosion
of a building.
New Bedford was able to remain wealthy because of its textile industry
. Starting in 1881, the
textile industry grew large enough to sustain the city's economy.
The creation of the New Bedford
in 1895–1899 ushered in an era of textile
prosperity that began to decline in the great depression and ended
with the end of the textile period in the 1940s.
At its height, though, over 30,000 people were employed by the 32
cotton-manufacturing companies that owned the textile factories of
New Bedford (which were worth one hundred million dollars in
Tool and die operations also left the area steadily, starting in
mid-1990s New Bedford was home to a thriving commercial fishing
community that fished Georges Bank, but in 1996 action was taken to reduce
over-fishing, which devastated commercial fishing in the
The modern economy
View of ships docked at New
Fishing and manufacturing continue to be two of the largest
businesses in the area, and healthcare has become a major employer.
The three largest single employers based in New Bedford are
Southcoast Hospitals Group, one of the top ten employers in
Massachusetts (healthcare), Titleist (golf clubs, balls, apparel,
manufacturing), and Riverside Manufacturing (apparel
While accurate figures are hard to come by, tourism
appears to be a growing industry. New
Bedford tourism centers on fairs and festivals including the
Summerfest Folk Music and Arts Festival, the traditional Blessing
of the Fleet, and the Feast of the Blessed Sacrament
(the largest Portuguese
cultural celebration in the
nation). Tourism also focuses on the historic whaling
industry, and the New Bedford Whaling National Historical
Park is the only national park unit that focuses on the
whaling industry's impact on the history of the United
According to a 2001 study by the University of Massachusetts
Dartmouth Center for Policy Analysis, the three largest employment
sectors in the Greater New Bedford area (the area includes New
Bedford and Acushnet, Dartmouth, Fairhaven, Freetown, Lakeville,
Marion, Mattapoisett, Rochester, and Wareham) were as follows:
services (26% of total employment); wholesale trade (22%);
manufacturing (19%). The largest industries by employment in the
area were as follows: health services, eating and drinking places,
wholesale trade, food stores, and social services.
In 2002, the city received $61,194,358 in taxation revenue,
$44,536,201 in local receipts, and $12,044,152 classified as
In 2005 the unemployment rate was 7.3%, having dropped throughout
the 1990s from 12.5% to 5.3% in 2000, and then having risen to
10.4% in 2003.
the city received $104,925,772 for education, and $22,755,439 for
general government from the State of Massachusetts.
Bedford is part of the Providence TV market but is the city of license for two TV
stations. WLNE-TV Channel 6 is the ABC affiliate for the market,
and WLWC Channel 28
is The CW
affiliate. The city is also home to several radio
stations the most notable of which are WBSM at
1420 AM and WNBH at 1340 AM,
both of which have been serving the residents of New Bedford for
New Bedford has had a sporadic history of successful musicians.
During the 1970s, the Tavares
a soul music
group made up of five
brothers from New Bedford, became a chart topping success with such
songs as "Heaven Must Be Missing an Angel" and "More Than a Woman".
In 1999, the pop group LFO (Lyte Funky
), whose group member Harold "Devin" Lima is from New
Bedford, had a hit single with their song "Summer Girls". Most
recently, the hardcore punk band A
has gained some success, having been added to
the 2005 Warped Tour
lineup. New Bedford
natives Hector Barros and Scott Ross were members of the hip-hop
group Marky Mark and the Funky
, lead by actor Mark
. They achieved success with their 1991
, which reached number one in the U.S., Sweden, and
Switzerland. Josh Newton
from the band
Every Time I Die
was born in New
In 2002, the movie Passionada
was filmed in New Bedford, making it the first film to be shot in
the city in 45 years. Previously, film director John Huston shot a scene for the movie
adaptation of Moby-Dick in front of Seamen's
Bethel in 1956. However, all other exterior shots for New
Bedford in the film were shot in Youghal instead.
Bedford was the town where 100 brides in the 1968-70 TV series
Here Come the Brides came from
prior to their arrival in 1860's Seattle, Washington. The television series only lasted 2 seasons
and all the locations in the series were shot in Burbank,
2009, the city has been home to the New Bedford Bay Sox baseball franchise of the New England Collegiate
Baseball League, a collegiate summer
baseball league operating in New England. The team, which reached the league playoffs
in their inaugural season, plays
home games at Paul
Walsh Field in New Bedford.
Points of interest
Bedford is the home of the New Bedford Whaling Museum, the centerpiece of the New Bedford Whaling
National Historical Park.
It is the country's largest
museum on the subject of whaling and the history of interaction
between humans and whales. The Museum has the skeletons of a -long
baby blue whale (obtained in 2000), a -long adult humpback whale
(obtained in 1900), and a -long sperm whale (obtained in 2004) on
display. All whales died in New England waters and were cleaned and
assembled for display.
Rotch-Jones-Duff House and Garden
Museum, is a 28-room Greek Revival mansion that was built
for the whaling merchant, William Rotch, Jr., in 1834.
Between 1834 and 1981, three prominent families owned the house and
chronicles 150 years of economic, social, and domestic life in New
Bedford. The house was restored by the Waterfront Historic Area
in the early 1980s and converted into the house museum
it is today.WHALE - Waterfront Historic Area League. 26 May 2009
/www.waterfrontleague.org Tours of the house and grounds are
available; the facilities can also be rented for private events.
Weddings in the rose garden are popular. The Rotch-Jones-Duff House
also has a summer concert series, and it hosts an annual "cookie
Bedford Art Museum is located in the heart of New Bedford's
The museum offers engaging exhibitions of
artwork, both local and international in origin. Not far away is
Gallery X, a community art gallery.
Fire Museum is housed in a handsome red-brick building,
formerly Fire Station No.
4, which opened in 1867. The fire
station was one of the oldest continuously operating fire stations
in the state when it was closed in 1979. The museum has a
collection of old firefighting equipment and some old fire engines.
Visitors can try on old uniforms and slide down the pole. Old city
fire records dating to 1890 are available for research and review.
Retired and active city firefighters act as docents.
New Bedford has nine historic
on the National Register of
. They are:
- James Arnold: Whaling merchant,
whose estate is now known as the Wamsutta Club in New Bedford.
his fortune to create the Arnold Arboretum in Boston.
- Clifford Warren Ashley:
Author, sailor, and artist, most famous for "The Ashley Book of
Knots", an encyclopedic reference manual, copiously
illustrated, on the tying of thousands of knots. He invented
Ashley's stopper knot.
- Anthony Athanas: Albanian
immigrant who founded Anthony's Pier
4, a renowned restaurant in Boston that has played host to U.S.
Presidents, artists, writers, and entertainers of international
- Andre Bernier: The first
meteorologist to appear on The Weather
Channel's debut on May 2, 1982.
- Albert Bierstadt: 19th century
German-born artist whose depictions of the American West were well
known throughout the country.
- Mike Cejka: A
popular telelvision meteorologist at WIVB-TV in ]Buffalo, NY
- Paul Clayton: American folksinger
and folksong collector.
- Frederick Douglass: 19th
century abolitionist and editor.
- Nelson Eddy: American singer and
movie star who appeared in 19 musical films during the 1930s and
1940s, spent part of his boyhood in New Bedford.
- Steve Gonsalves: Paranormal
Investigator/ Tech Manager of The Atlantic Paranormal Society also
known as TAPS out of Warwick, RI. and The SYFY Channels Show Ghost
Hunters. was born in New Bedford, MA.
- William Greenleaf Eliot:
Co-founder and benefactor of Washington University of St. Louis.
Grandfather of T. S. Eliot.
- Marie Equi: 19th century doctor,
labor activist, anarchist and Wobbly.
- Hetty Green: Prominent
businesswoman, one of the wealthiest women in America. Amassed a
significant fortune from the stock market in the late 19th
- Henry Grinnell: Successful
businessman who financed the outfitting of two vessels, the
"Advance" and the "Rescue", to search the Arctic for the lost
- Carol Haney: Choreographer,
principal assistant to Gene Kelly, and
worked on Singin' in the
- Brian Helgeland: Screenplay
writer of Mystic River,
- Benjamin Russell: Artist
best-known for his accurate watercolors of whaling ships.
- Albert Pinkham Ryder: 19th
century painter best known for his poetic and moody allegorical
works and seascapes, as well as his eccentric personality.
- Brian Pothier: Professional ice
hockey player currently playing in the NHL for the Washington
- Harry Stovey: Nineteenth-century
professional-baseball player. A strong home run hitter and one of
the first to slide feet-first. Born in Philadelphia, he became a
police officer in New Bedford after his playing days were
- The Tavares: A soul-disco
- John Tukey: Statistician whose usage
of the term "software" and "bit" are believed to be the first in
last governor of Montana
New Bedford is a sister city
- Conery, Ben. Douglass reading stirs abolitionist roots".
February 17, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2006.
- " Frederick Douglass". pbs.org. Accessed
May 29, 2006.
- Douglass, Frederick. " Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An
American Slave, Chapter XI, Berkeley Digital Library
SunSITE, Accessed August 13, 2006.
- The Port of New Bedford"
Massachusetts Seaport Advisory Council. Retrieved October 27,
- 2006 Cruise Season Update" The
Port of New Bedford/ Harbor Development Commission. Retrieved
October 28, 2006.
- " Top U.S. Fishing Ports Rankings for 2004". U.S.
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration news release,
November 14, 2005.
- " Southeastern Regional Transit Authority" official Web
- Boston Commuter Schedule, DATTCO, Retrieved
- " New Bedford/Fall River Commuter Rail Extension"
- Laidler " Although New Bedford and neighboring Fall River
remain the two largest cities in Massachusetts which do not have
rail service to Boston, not all are on board: Some towns balk at
state's plan to extend Stoughton rail line" Boston Globe, May
- The Port of New Bedford"
Massachusetts Seaport Advisory Council. Retrieved October 27,
- "'Underperforming' tag imperils $2M in school
funding," Standard-Times, January 5, 2007.
- " State and National Crime Data". Massachusetts State
Police. Retrieved July 24, 2005.
- " Four Defendants Convicted On Drug Charges In
Connection With Largest Ever Cocaine Seizure In Massachusetts
History". U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Retrieved March 17,
- Arce, Rose; Byron, Katy; Feyerick, Deborah; & Gilbert,
Alison. " Man, 18, sought after gun, hatchet attack at gay bar".
February 2, 2006.
- Leary, Richard. " New
Bedford's Sister Cities". NewBedford.com. Retrieved
June 24, 2005.
- " From Old Dartmouth to New Bedford".
WhalingMuseum.org. Retrieved May 21, 2005.
- Wall & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. Map of Massachusetts. USA. New England. Counties - Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex and Norfolk, Boston - Suffolk, Plymouth, Bristol, Barnstable and Dukes (Cape Cod). Cities -
Springfield, Worcester, Lowell, Lawrence, Haverhill, Newburyport, Salem, Lynn, Taunton, Fall River. New Bedford. These 1871 maps of the Counties
and Cities are useful to see the roads and rail lines.
- Beers,D.G. 1872 Atlas of Essex County Map of Massachusetts Plate 5. Click on the map
for a very large image. Also see detailed map of 1872 Essex County Plate 7.