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New Hampshire ( ) is a state in the New Englandmarker region of the northeastern United States of Americamarker. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It borders Massachusettsmarker to the south, Vermontmarker to the west, Mainemarker and the Atlantic Oceanmarker to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebecmarker to the north. New Hampshire ranks 44th in land area, 46th in total area of the 50 states, and 41st in population. It became the first post-colonial sovereign nation in the Americas when it broke off from Great Britainmarker in January 1776, and was one of the original thirteen states that founded the United States of America six months later. In June 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution, and is the only state with neither a general sales tax nor a personal income tax at either the state or local level. Concordmarker is the state capital, while Manchestermarker is the largest city in the state.

It is known internationally for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the quadrennial U.S. presidential election cycle.

Its license plates carry the state motto: "Live Free or Die." The state nickname is "The Granite State", in reference to its geology and its tradition of self-sufficiency. To accentuate this, many state agencies and New Hampshire license plates carry the image of the Old Man of the Mountainmarker, a former granite stone face in the White Mountainsmarker. Several other official nicknames exist but are rarely used.

Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, and author Dan Brown. New Hampshire has produced one president, Franklin Pierce.

New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedwaymarker, and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beachmarker near Laconiamarker in June. The White Mountain National Forestmarker links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, and boasts the Mount Washington Auto Roadmarker, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288 ft Mount Washingtonmarker.


See List of counties in New Hampshire, mountains, lakes, and rivers

New Hampshire is part of the New Englandmarker region. It is bounded by Quebecmarker, Canada to the north and northwest; Mainemarker and the Atlantic Oceanmarker to the east; Massachusettsmarker to the south; and Vermontmarker to the west. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountainsmarker, the Lakes Region, the Seacoastmarker, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Regionmarker, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapeemarker area. New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U.S. coastal state, with a length of .
New Hampshire, showing roads, rivers and major cities
Hampshire was home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountainmarker, a face-like profile in Franconia Notchmarker, until the formation fell apart in May 2003.

The White Mountains rangemarker in New Hampshire spans the north-central portion of the state, with Mount Washingtonmarker the tallest in the northeastern U.S., and other mountains like Mount Madisonmarker and Mount Adamsmarker surrounding it. With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, over 100 recorded deaths among visitors, and conspicuous krumholtz (dwarf, matted trees much like a carpet of bonsai trees), the upper reaches of Mount Washington claim the title of "worst weather on earth." A non-profit weather observatory is on the peak.

In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnockmarker has given its name to a class of earth-forms—a monadnock—signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain.

Major rivers include the Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north-south and ends up in Newburyport, Massachusettsmarker. Its tributaries include the Contoocook Rivermarker, Pemigewasset Rivermarker, and Winnipesaukee Rivermarker. The Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticutmarker, defines the western border with Vermont. The state border is not in the center of that river, as usually the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermontmarker side; so New Hampshire owns the entire river where it runs adjacent to Vermont. Only one town - Pittsburg - shares a land border with the state of Vermont. The "northwesternmost headwaters" of the Connecticut also define the Canadian border with New Hampshire.

The Piscataqua River and its several tributaries form the state's only significant ocean port where they flow into the Atlantic at Portsmouthmarker. The Salmon Falls Rivermarker and the Piscataqua define the southern portion of the border with Maine. The Piscataqua River boundary was the subject of a border disputemarker between New Hampshire and Maine in 2001, with New Hampshire claiming dominion over several islands (primarily Seavey's Islandmarker) that include the Portsmouth Naval Shipyardmarker. The U.S.marker Supreme Courtmarker dismissed the case in 2002, leaving ownership of the island with Maine.

The largest of New Hampshire's lakes is Lake Winnipesaukeemarker, which covers in the east-central part of New Hampshire. Lake Umbagogmarker along the Maine border, approximately , is a distant second.
Lake Winnipesaukee.

Hampton Beachmarker is a popular local summer destination. About offshore are the Isles of Shoalsmarker, nine small islands (four of which are in New Hampshire) known as the site of a 19th century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter, as well as the alleged location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Blackbeard.

It is the second most forested state in the country, after Mainemarker, in percentage of land covered by woods. This change was caused by the abandonment of farms during the 20th century as many farmers took wage jobs in urban areas or moved to more productive areas. The return of woodlands from open fields forms the subject of many poems by Robert Frost.

The northern third of the state is locally referred to as the "north country" or "north of the notches," in reference to White Mountain passes that channel traffic. It contains less than 5% of the state's population, suffers relatively high poverty, and is losing population as the logging and paper industries decline. However, the tourist industry, in particular visitors who go to northern New Hampshire to ski, snowboard, hike and mountain bike has helped offset economic losses from mill closures.


New Hampshire experiences a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa in southern areas and Dfb in the north), with warm, humid summers, cold, wet winters, and uniform precipitation all year. The climate of the southeastern portion is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean and averages relatively milder and wetter weather, while the northern and interior portions experience cooler temperatures and lower humidity. Winters are cold and snowy throughout the state, and especially severe in the northern and mountainous areas. Average annual snowfall ranges from to over across the state.

Average daytime highs are in the mid 70s°F to low 80s°F (around 24-28 °C) throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the mid 50s°F to low 60s°F (13-15 °C). January temperatures range from an average high of on the coast to overnight lows below in the far north and at high elevations. Average annual precipitation statewide is roughly with some variation occurring in the White Mountainsmarker due to differences in elevation and annual snowfall.

Extreme snow is often associated with a nor'easter, such as the Blizzard of '78 and the Blizzard of 1993, when several feet accumulated across portions of the state over 24 to 48 hours. Lighter snowfall of several inches occur frequently throughout winter, often associated with an Alberta Clipper.

New Hampshire, on occasion, is affected by hurricanes and tropical storms although by the time they reach the state they are often extratropical, with most storms striking the southern New Englandmarker coastline and moving inland or passing by offshore in the Gulf of Mainemarker. Most of New Hampshire averages fewer than 20 days of thunderstorms per year and an average of 2 tornadoes occur annually statewide.

The National Arbor Day Foundation plant hardiness zone map depicts zones 3, 4, 5, and 6 occurring throughout the state and indicates the transition from a relatively cooler to warmer climate as one travels southward across New Hampshire.

Metropolitan areas

Metropolitan areas in the New England region are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs). The following is a list of NECTAs in New Hampshire:
From The New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau


Various Algonquian (Pennacook) tribes inhabited the area prior to European settlement. English and French explorers visited New Hampshire in 1600–1605, and English fishermen settled at Odiorne's Pointmarker in present-day Ryemarker in 1623. The first permanent settlement was at Hilton's Point (present-day Dovermarker). By 1631, the Upper Plantation comprised modern-day Dovermarker, Durhammarker and Strathammarker; in 1679, it became the "Royal Province."

New Hampshire was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. By the time of the American Revolution, New Hampshire was a divided province. The economic and social life of the Seacoast revolved around sawmills, shipyards, merchant's warehouses, and established village and town centers. Wealthy merchants built substantial homes, furnished them with the finest luxuries, and invested their capital in trade and land speculation. At the other end of the social scale, there developed a permanent class of day laborers, mariners, indentured servants, and even slaves. It was the first state to declare its independence , but the only battle fought there was the raid on Fort William and Marymarker, December 14, 1774 in Portsmouthmarker Harbor, which netted the rebellion sizable quantities of gunpowder, small arms, and cannon (General Sullivan, leader of the raid, described it as, "remainder of the powder, the small arms, bayonets, and cartouch-boxes, together with the cannon and ordnance stores") over the course of two nights. This raid was preceded by a warning to local patriots the previous day, by Paul Revere on December 13, 1774 that the fort was to be reinforced by troops sailing from Boston. According to unverified accounts, the gunpowder was later used at the Battle of Bunker Hill, transported there by Major Demerit, who was one of several New Hampshire patriots who stored the powder in their homes until it was transported elsewhere for use in revolutionary activities.

New Hampshire was a Jacksonian stronghold; the state sent Franklin Pierce to the White House in the election of 1852. Industrialization took the form of numerous textile mills, which in turn attracted large flows of immigrants from Quebec (the "French Canadians") and Ireland. The northern parts of the state produced lumber and the mountains provided tourist attractions. After 1960, the textile industry collapsed, but the economy rebounded as a center of high technology and a service provider.

Since 1952, New Hampshire gained national and international attention for its presidential primary held early in every presidential election year. It immediately became the most important testing grounds for candidates for the Republican and Democratic nominations. The media gave New Hampshire (and Iowa) about half of all the attention paid to all states in the primary process, magnifying the state's decision powers (and spurring repeated efforts by out-of-state politicians to change the rules.)


As of 2005, New Hampshire has an estimated population of 1,309,940, which is an increase of 10,771, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 74,154, or 6.0%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 23,872 people (that is 75,060 births minus 51,188 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 51,968 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 11,107 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 40,861 people.

The center of population of New Hampshire is located in Merrimack Countymarker, in the town of Pembrokemarker. The center of population has moved south since 1950, a reflection of the fact that the fastest growth in the state has been along its southern border, which is within commuting range of Boston and other Massachusetts cities.

New Hampshire Population Density Map
As of 2004, the population includes 64,000 residents born outside the United States (4.9%).

In 2006, New Hampshire had the lowest birth rate in the nation.

Ancestry groups

The largest ancestry groups in New Hampshire are:

The large Irish American and French-Canadian populations are descended largely from mill workers, and many still live in the former mill towns, like Manchester. New Hampshire has the highest percentage of residents of French/French-Canadian ancestry of any U.S. state.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 3.41% of the population aged 5 and older speak French at home, while 1.60% speak Spanish.


Percentage of New Hampshire residents by religion (from USA Today):

Mormon/Latter Day Saints, Churches of Christ, non-denominational, Jehovah's Witnesses, Assemblies of God, Muslim/Islamic, Buddhist, Evangelical, Church of God, and Seventh-Day Adventist

A survey suggests that people in New Hampshire and Vermont are less likely than other Americans to attend weekly services and only 54% say that they are "absolutely certain there is a God" compared to 71% in the rest of the nation. New Hampshire and Vermont are also at the lowest levels among states in religious commitment. About 23% percent of the respondents attend religious service at least once a week (39% nationally). Thirty-six percent said religion is very important to them (56% nationally). According to the ARDA the largest single Protestant denominations are the United Church of Christ with 34,299; and the United Methodist Church with 18,927 members. The Catholic Church had 431,259 members.


The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Hampshire's total state product in 2008 was $60 billion, tenth lowest in the United States. Median household income in 2008 was $49,467, seventh highest in the country. Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples and eggs. Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products and tourism.

New Hampshire experienced a significant shift in its economic base during the last century. Historically, the base was composed of the traditional New England manufactures of textiles, shoe-making, and small machining shops drawing upon low-wage labor from nearby small farms and from parts of Quebecmarker. Today, these sectors contribute only 2% for textiles, 2% for leather goods, and 9% for machining of the state's total manufacturing dollar value (Source: U.S. Economic Census for 1997, Manufacturing, New Hampshire). They experienced a sharp decline due to obsolete plants and the lure of cheaper wages in the South.

The state's budget in FY2008 was $5.11 billion, including $1.48 billion in federal funds. The issue of taxation is controversial in New Hampshire, which has a property tax (subject to municipal control) but no broad sales tax or income tax. The state does have narrower taxes on meals, lodging, vehicles, business and investment income, and tolls on state roads.

According to the Energy Information Administration, New Hampshire's energy consumption and per capita energy consumption are among the lowest in the country. The Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plantmarker, located near Portsmouth, is the largest nuclear reactor in New England and provides about 30 percent of New Hampshire’s electricity. Two natural gas-fired plants and some fossil-fuel powered plant, including the coal-fired Merrimack Station plant in Bow, provide most of the rest.

New Hampshire’s residential electricity use is low compared with the national average, in part because demand for air-conditioning is low during the generally mild summer months and because few households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating. Over half of New Hampshire households use fuel oil for winter heating. New Hampshire has potential for renewable energies like wind power, hydroelectricity, and wood fuel.

The state has no general sales tax and no personal state income tax (the state does tax, at a 5 percent rate, income from dividends and interest) and the legislature has exercised fiscal restraint. Efforts to diversify the state's general economy have been ongoing.

Additionally, New Hampshire's lack of a broad-based tax system (aside from the controversial state-wide property tax) has resulted in the state's local communities having some of the nation's highest property taxes. Overall, New Hampshire remains ranked 49th among states in combined average state and local tax burden.

Law and government

The Governor of New Hampshire is John Lynch (Democrat). New Hampshire's two U.S. senators are Judd Gregg (Republican) and Jeanne Shaheen (Democrat). New Hampshire's two U.S. representatives are Carol Shea-Porter (Democrat) and Paul Hodes (Democrat).

New Hampshire is an alcoholic beverage control state, and through the State Liquor Commission it takes in $100 million from the sale and distribution of liquor.

The LGBT rights in New Hampshire are mostly the same as non-LGBT residents persons in New Hampshire. Same-sex sexual activity is legal in New Hampshire, and the state has offered civil unions since 1 January, 2008, and same-sex marriage in New Hampshire will become legal on January 1, 2010.

Governing documents

The New Hampshire State Constitution of 1783 is the supreme law of the state, followed by the New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated and the New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. These are roughly analogous to the Federal United States Constitution, United States Code and Code of Federal Regulations respectively.

The attributes of New Hampshire law, as they pertain to victimless crimes, kindergarten, and civil unions, are described in the article on Government of New Hampshire.

Branches of government

New Hampshire has a bifurcated executive branch, consisting of the governor and a five-member executive council which votes on state contracts worth more than $5,000 and "advises and consents" to the governor's nominations to major state positions such as department heads and all judgeships and pardon requests. New Hampshire does not have a lieutenant governor; the Senate president serves as "acting governor" whenever the governor is unable to perform the duties.

The legislature is called the General Court. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are 400 representatives, making it one of the largest elected bodies in the English-speaking world, and 24 senators. Most are effectively volunteers, nearly half of which are retirees. (For details, see the article on Government of New Hampshire.)

The state's sole appellate court is the New Hampshire Supreme Courtmarker. The Superior Court is the court of general jurisdiction and the only court which provides for jury trials in civil or criminal cases. The other state courts are the Probate Court, District Court, and the Family Division.

New Hampshire is a "Dillon Rule" state, meaning that the state retains all powers not specifically granted to municipalities. Even so, the legislature strongly favors local control, particularly with regard to land use regulations. Except for slightly more than a dozen communities incorporated as cities, local government in New Hampshire centers on town meetings. Some municipalities make final budgetary decisions by secret ballot at the same election where they vote for municipal officials.


The Republican Party and the Democratic Party are the only official parties. A majority of voters are registered independent, and can choose either ballot in the primary, and then regain their independent status after voting. The Libertarian Party had official party status from 1990 to 1994.

New Hampshire primary

New Hampshire is internationally famous for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the quadrennial American presidential election cycle. State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at least one week before any "similar event." However, the Iowa caucus has preceded the New Hampshire primary. This primary, as the nation's first contest that uses the same procedure as the general election, draws more attention than those in other states, and has often been decisive in shaping the national contest.

In Dixville Notchmarker in Coos County and Hart's Locationmarker in Carrollmarker, the polls open at midnight on Election Day. State law permits a town where all registered citizens have voted to close early and announce its results. These are traditionally the first towns in both New Hampshire and the U.S. to vote in presidential primaries and elections.

Nominations for all other partisan offices are decided in a separate primary election. In Presidential election cycles, this is the second primary election held in New Hampshire.

Election results

In the past, New Hampshire has often voted Republican. Some sources trace the founding of the Republican Party to the town of Exetermarker in 1853. Prior to 1992, New Hampshire had only strayed from the Republican Party for three presidential candidates—Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Beginning in 1992, New Hampshire became a swing state in both national and local elections. The state supported Democrats Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, John Kerry in 2004, and Barack Obama in 2008. It was the only U.S. state to support Republican George W. Bush in the 2000 election, but not in the 2004 election, in which Democrat John Kerry won the state. This is most likely due to the fact that John Kerry was a well known Senator from a neighboring state. The small size and close proximity of the New England states may have also played a factor in making him a familiar choice to New Hampshire voters.

The Democrats dominated elections in New Hampshire as they did nationally in 2006 and 2008. In 2006, Democrats won both Congressional seats (electing Carol Shea-Porter in the 1st district and Paul Hodes in the 2nd district), re-elected Governor John Lynch, and gained a majority on the Executive Council and in both houses of the legislature for the first time since 1911. Democrats had not held both the legislature and the governorship since 1874. Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. In 2008, Democrats retained their majorities, governorship, and Congressional seats; and former governor Jeanne Shaheen defeated incumbent Republican John E. Sununu for the U.S. Senate in a rematch of the 2002 contest.

The 2008 elections resulted in women holding a majority, 13 of the 24 seats, in the New Hampshire Senate, a first for any legislative body in the United States.

Free State Project

The Free State Project is a proposal to have 20,000 individuals move to New Hampshire, with the intent of reducing the size and scope of government at the local, state, and federal levels. The Free State Project holds the annual New Hampshire Liberty Forum and the annual Porcupine Freedom Festival, also known as PorcFest.



New Hampshire has a well-maintained, well-signed network of Interstate highways, U.S. highways, and state highways. Major routes include:

State highway markers still depict the Old Man of the Mountainmarker despite that rock formation's demise in 2003. Several route numbers align with the same route numbers in neighboring states. State highway numbering does not indicate the highway's direction.
  • New Hampshire Route 16 is a major north-south highway in the eastern part of the state that generally parallels the border with Mainemarker, eventually entering Maine as Maine Route 16. The southernmost portion of NH 16 is a four lane freeway, co-signed with U.S. Route 4.
  • New Hampshire Route 101 is a major east-west highway in the southern part of the state that connects Keenemarker with Manchestermarker and the Seacoast region. East of Manchester, NH 101 is a four-lane, limited access freeway that runs to Hampton Beachmarker and I-95.


New Hampshire has 25 public-use airports, four of which have scheduled commercial passenger service. By far the busiest airport in the state is Manchester-Boston Regional Airportmarker in the south, which serves the Greater Boston metropolitan area.

Public transportation

Long-distance intercity passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak's Vermonter and Downeaster lines.

As of 2009, Boston-centered MBTA Commuter Rail services reach only as far as northern Massachusetts. The New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority is working to extend "Capital Corridor" service from Lowell, Massachusettsmarker to Nashua, Concord, and Manchester, including Manchester-Boston Regional Airportmarker; and "Coastal Corridor" service from Haverhill, Massachusettsmarker to Plaistow, New Hampshiremarker.

Eleven public transit authorities operate local and regional bus services around the state, and eight private carriers operate express bus services which link with the national intercity bus network. The New Hampshire Department of Transportation operates a statewide ride-sharing match service, in addition to independent ride matching and guaranteed ride home programs.

Tourist railroads include the Conway Scenic Railroadmarker, Hobo-Winnipesaukee Railroad, and the Mount Washington Cog Railwaymarker.

Freight railways

Freight railways in New Hampshire include Pan Am Railways, the New England Central Railroad, the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, and New Hampshire Northcoast Corporation.


High schools

The first high schools in the state were the Boys' High School and the Girls' High School of Portsmouth, established either in 1827 or 1830 depending on the source.

New Hampshire has more than 150 public high schools, many of which serve more than one town. The largest is Pinkerton Academymarker in Derry, which is owned by a private non-profit organization and serves as the public high school of a number of neighboring towns. There are at least 30 private high schools in the state.

In 2008 the state tied with Massachusetts as having the highest scores on the SAT and ACT standardized tests given to high school students.

Colleges and universities


Daily newspapers

Other publications

Radio stations

See List of radio stations in New Hampshire.

Television stations


Club Sport / League
American Defenders of New Hampshire Minor league baseball
New Hampshire Fisher Cats Minor league baseball
Manchester Monarchs Minor league hockey
Manchester Wolves Arena football
Manchester Millrats Premier Basketball League
New Hampshire Phantoms Minor league soccer

Annually since 2002, high school statewide all stars compete against Vermont in ten sports during "Twin State" playoffs. New Hampshire also has an amateur roller derby league called the New Hampshire Roller Derby.


In the spring, New Hampshire's many sap house hold sugaring-off open houses. In summer, New Hampshire is home to many county fair, the largest being the Hopkinton State Fair, in Contoocookmarker. New Hampshire's lake region is home to many summer camps, especially around Lake Winnipesaukeemarker, and is a popular tourist destination. The Peterborough Players have performed every summer in Peterborough, New Hampshiremarker since 1933. In the fall New Hampshire is host to the New Hampshire Highland Games. New Hampshire has also registered an official tartan with the proper authorities in Scotlandmarker, used to make kilts worn by the Lincolnmarker Police Department while its officers serve during the games. The fall foliage peaks in mid October. In the winter, New Hampshire's ski areas and snowmobile trails attract visitors from a wide area. After the lakes freeze over they become dotted with ice fishing ice houses, known locally as bobhouses.

In fiction



Film and television

Notable residents or natives

See article List of people from New Hampshire.

Granite State firsts

  • On January 5, 1776 at Exetermarker, the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire ratified the first independent constitution in the Americas, free of British rule.
  • On June 12, 1800, Fernald's Island in the Piscataqua River became the first government-sanctioned US Navy shipyard.
  • Started in 1822, Dublinmarker's Juvenile Library was the first free public library.
  • In 1828, the first women's strike in the nation took place at Dover'smarker Cocheco Mills.
  • Founded in 1833, the Peterboroughmarker Town Library was the first public library, supported with public funds, in the world.
  • In 1845, the machine shop of Nashuanmarker John H. Gage was considered the first shop devoted to the manufacture of machinists' tools.
  • On August 29, 1866, Sylvester Marsh demonstrated the first mountain-climbing "cog" railwaymarker.
  • Finished on June 27, 1874, the first trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable between Europe and America stretched from Balinskelligs Bay, Ireland, to Rye Beachmarker, New Hampshire.
  • On February 6, 1901, a group of nine conservationists founded the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, the first forest conservation advocacy group in the US.
  • In 1908, Monsignor Pierre Hevey organized the nation's first credit union, in Manchestermarker, to help mill workers save and borrow money.
  • In 1933 the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen held the first crafts fair in the nation.
  • In 1934, the current record for the highest recorded surface wind gust (231 mph) was set on Mount Washingtonmarker.
  • In 1937 the Belknap Recreation Areamarker installed the first chairlift for skiing in the East.
  • In 1938 Earl Tupper, of Berlinmarker, invented Tupperware and founded Tupper Plastics Company.
  • In July 1944, the Bretton Woods Agreementmarker, the first fully-negotiated system intended to govern monetary relations among independent nation-states, was signed at the Mount Washington Hotelmarker.
  • On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard of Derrymarker rode a Mercury spacecraft and became the first American in space.
  • In 1963, New Hampshire's legislature approved the nation's first modern state lottery, which began play in 1964.
  • In 1966, Ralph Baer of Sanders Associates, Inc., Nashua, recruited engineers to develop the first home video game.
  • Christa McAuliffe of Concordmarker became the first private citizen selected to venture into space. She perished with her six space shuttle Challenger crewmates on January 28, 1986.
  • On May 17, 1996 New Hampshire became the first state in the country to install a green LED traffic light. NH was selected because they were the first to start installing the red and yellow ones statewide.
  • On May 31, 2007 New Hampshire became "...the first state to embrace same-sex unions without a court order or the threat of one."

See also


  1. NH has a room and meals sales tax and a business profits income tax. Alaska does not have a statewide sales or income tax, but many Alaska towns have a sales tax.
  2. NH Department of Resources and Economic Development - State Facts
  3. American Community Survey
  4. MLA Language Map Data Center
  5. which were polled jointly
  6. 86% in Alabama and South Carolina
  8. retrieved July 29, 2008
  11. The Tax Foundation - New Hampshire's State and Local Tax Burden, 1970–2006
  12. State of New Hampshire Department of Administrative Services - Monthly Revenue Focus (FY 2005)
  13. "House Fast Fact", New Hampshire House of Representatives
  14. Independents Become Largest Voting Bloc in New Hampshire retrieved 29 December 2008
  15. Senate President Sylvia Larsen, quoted in "Women make up majority in state Senate," the Manchester Union-Leader, November 6, 2008.
  16. Liberty Forum
  17. PorcFest
  22. The IQ-Trapper
  24. Susan Morse, "Last of the Yankees", Portsmouth Herald, July 4, 2004.
  25. The Peterborough Town Library
  26. League of New Hampshire Craftsmen's Fair Accessed November 9, 2007
  27. The Story of the World Record Wind
  28. Sending a bright signal, Concord Monitor pg B-6, May 18, 1996
  29. Wang, Beverley. (April 26, 2007) State Senate approves civil unions for same-sex couples Concord Monitor. Accessed April 26, 2007.
  30. NH Firsts & Bests Accessed November 9, 2007

Further reading

  • Land Use in Cornish, N.H., a 2006 documentary presentation by James M. Patterson of the Valley News, depicts various aspects of the societal and cultural environment of Northern New Hampshire

External links

State Government
U.S. Government

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