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New Ipswich is a town in Hillsborough Countymarker, New Hampshiremarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 4,289 at the 2000 census. New Ipswich, situated on the Massachusettsmarker border, includes the villages of Bank, Davis, Gibson Four Corners, Highbridge, New Ipswich Center, Smithville, and Wilder, though these village designations no longer hold the importance they did in the past. The Wapack Trailmarker passes through the community.


Barr Mansion in 1900
New Ipswich was granted in 1735 to 60 inhabitants of Ipswichmarker, Massachusettsmarker, from whence the name is derived, by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher and the General Court (Assembly) of Massachusetts. As was customary, tall white pine trees were reserved for use as masts by the Royal Navy. Settlement began in 1738, when Abijah Foster arrived with his wife and infant daughter. In 1762, Governor Benning Wentworth incorporated the town as "Ipswich", and then in 1766 as "New Ipswich". New Ipswich Academy, later renamed Appleton Academy after benefactor Samuel Appleton, was chartered in 1789, the second oldest in New Hampshiremarker after Phillips Exeter Academymarker in Exetermarker. It would also serve as high school for the nearby communities of Masonmarker and Greenvillemarker. Appleton Academy closed in 1968. In 1969, construction of Mascenic Regional High School was completed in New Ipswich.

Baptist Church c.
The Souhegan Rivermarker provided water power for mills, and in 1801, the first woolen mill in the state was established at New Ipswich, followed in 1804 by the first cotton mill. Other early factories produced glass, potash and linseed oil. Cabinet making craftsmen produced elegant furniture. The town's affluence would be expressed in fine architecture, an example of which is the Barrett Housemarker, used as a setting for the 1979 Merchant Ivory film of The Europeans by Henry James. Bypassed by the railroad, the early mill town was preserved.

In the past half century, a notable influx of peoples of Finnish descent, particularly of the Apostolic Lutheran Church of America, have settled in New Ipswich. Additionally, migrants from nearby Massachusetts make up a large percentage of new residents.

Notable inhabitants


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 0.97% of the town. New Ipswich is drained by the Souhegan River. New Ipswich Mountainmarker, part of the Wapack Rangemarker, is the highest point in the town, with an elevation of above sea level. Much of the town is made up of the wooded foothills of the Wapack Range. Secondary growth forests have reclaimed the vast majority of the pasture lands that dominated New Ipswich and much of New England around the turn of the last century.


Main Street in 1907
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,289 people, 1,350 households, and 1,089 families residing in the town. The population density was 131.0 people per square mile (50.6/km²). There were 1,449 housing units at an average density of 44.2/sq mi (17.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.55% White, 0.19% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population. 19.7% were of Finnish, 13.2% French, 13.0% English, 10.4% Irish, 9.7% French Canadian, 6.5% German and 5.6% Americanmarker ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 1,350 households out of which 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.6% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16 and the average family size was 3.55.

Appleton Academy c.
In the town the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 104.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,939, and the median income for a family was $57,865. Males had a median income of $40,887 versus $26,724 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,210. About 4.3% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

New Ipswich has one of the highest population percentages of residents under the age of 18 in New Hampshire .

Sites of Interest


External links

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