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New Jersey Route 71: Map

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Route 71 is a state highway in New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker, running 16.78 miles (27.00 kilometers) near the shore in Monmouth Countymarker. It begins at Route 35 in Briellemarker, just north of the Manasquan River and the Ocean Countymarker line, and heads north to Route 35 in Eatontownmarker, with a four-block concurrency with Route 35 in Belmarmarker. Route 71 was the original north-south main road in the area, and in some areas it is the first of four alignments (Route 35, Route 79 and U.S. Route 9 are all newer).

Route description

Route 71 begins at a rather complicated interchange with Route 35 in Briellemarker, built ca. 1950 to replace an at-grade split. (The at-grade split survives to the south, with the continuation of Route 71 and Higgins Avenue.) Route 71 heads through Brielle, Manasquanmarker, Sea Girtmarker, Spring Lake Heightsmarker and Wall Townshipmarker into Belmarmarker on a two-lane road, named H Street in Belmar. At 12th Avenue in Belmar it merges with the four-lane Route 35, which widens to six lanes along the Route 71 concurrency. This short section of Route 35, from 12th Avenue to Eighth Avenue, is part of the original ca. 1920 Route 4.
Route 71 entering Brielle on Union Avenue
Route 71 turns east at Eighth Avenue to cross New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line, and turns north on Main Street, crossing the Shark River into Avon-by-the-Seamarker on a drawbridge. It then heads north through Bradley Beachmarker, Neptune Townshipmarker (meeting Route 33 at its east end), Ocean Grovemarker, Asbury Parkmarker, Loch Arbourmarker, Allenhurstmarker, Dealmarker, Long Branchmarker, West Long Branchmarker (crossing Route 36), and Oceanportmarker to end at Route 35 in Eatontownmarker. The Broad Street section is co-signed with CR 537 from the Monmouth Road section and Eatontown Boulevard (CR 537) to the northern terminus at NJ 35.

Monmouth University is located off Route 71 in West Long Branch. The road is locally known as Cedar Avenue and Norwood Avenue near the school and continues in Deal as Norwood Avenue. In Asbury Park, a small portion of the road is called Deal Lake Drive, parallel to Deal Lakemarker. In downtown Asbury Park, the road is called Main Street which continues to Belmar.

History

Route 4N (1927-1953)
The road that is now Route 71 was taken over by the state ca. 1920 as part of pre-1927 Route 4, the main road from near Atlantic Citymarker to Rahwaymarker. In the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, most of the old Route 4 kept its number as part of the new Route 4, from Cape Maymarker to the George Washington Bridgemarker. But the new Route 4 took a shortcut between South Amboymarker and Lakewood Townshipmarker. The cut-off section of old Route 4 became Route 35, but even Route 35 was legislated along a new alignment between Eatontownmarker and Belmarmarker.

The old Route 4 between Eatontown and Belmar thus kept its number, and was assigned Route 4N by the New Jersey State Highway Department. In 1929 the definition of Route 35 was amended to remove Manasquanmarker, allowing for a new alignment between Belmar and Briellemarker. The section north of Belmar was taken over and built ca. 1928, and the part south of Belmar was built ca. 1932.

In the meantime, U.S. Route 9 had been signed in 1927. The new cutoff of Route 4 had not been built yet (it was completed ca. 1929), and so the original US 9 used Routes 35 and 4N. Ca. 1928, it was moved onto the new Route 35 north of Belmar, and ca. 1929 it was moved to the new Route 4 between South Amboy and Lakewood.

In the 1953 renumbering, all suffixes were eliminated, and Route 4N became Route 71.

Major intersections

References

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