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The New Windsor Cantonment State Historic Site, also known as New Windsor Cantonment, is located along NY 300 a mile north of Vails Gatemarker in Orange Countymarker's Town of New Windsormarker. It is a reconstruction of the final encampment of the Continental Army.

Between June 1782 and October 1783 7,000 troops were boarded here in 600 log huts, over . Although the Siege of Yorktown had ended the war the year before, George Washington knew that there was still strong sentiment in Britainmarker for restarting the war and taking the colonies back. Thus it was necessary to keep the army here, within striking distance of New York Citymarker and next to the vital Hudson River, until all the British forces were withdrawn. On April 19, 1783, Washington issued a cease fire order, officially ending the war for the Army.

They were still uncertain times, however, as the Newburgh Conspiracy, where Washington persuaded his officers not to march on the Continental Congress and demand back pay at gunpoint, would demonstrate. The Temple, where he made his famous speech revealing his vision problems for the first time, is among the buildings that have been reconstructed.

The Badge of Military Merit, later the Purple Heart, was first awarded here, and the National Purple Heart Hall of Honor was opened November 10, 2006 in recognition of that history.

After the war, the abandoned huts were torn down by area residents to use as firewood. The fields and stone walls remain, however. In 1936 the town acquired of the original site, which it runs on the opposite side of Route 300 as the Last Encampment, and along with the National Temple Hill Association has kept it up as a monument. The Temple itself and its vicinity are owned by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation but operated by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission.

The site is open Wednesdays through Saturdays from mid-April through October. Admission is free. A ticket allows access to the buildings and museum. Activities and events with reenactor in period costume are scheduled frequently.

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