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New Year's Eve or Old Year's Night is on , the final day of the Gregorian year, and the day before New Year's Day.

New Year's Eve is a separate observance from the observance of New Year's Day. In modern Western practice, New Year's Eve is celebrated with parties and social gatherings spanning the transition of the year at midnight.

Many cultures use fireworks and other forms of noise making in part of the celebration.

Localised celebrations

Australia

The Melbourne fireworks display as seen from Alexandra Gardens
Each major city around Australia holds New Year’s Eve celebrations, usually accompanied by a fireworks display amongst other events. Gloucester Parkmarker, a racecourse in central Perth, is the largest and most recognised display in Perthmarker. In Brisbanemarker 50,000 people annually gather at sites around the Brisbane Rivermarker in the city to watch a fireworks display while events are held in the city and at Southbank.

The two largest New Year's Eve celebrations in Australia are held in its two largest cities, Sydneymarker and Melbournemarker. The celebrations in Sydney are usually accompanied by a theme which is displayed in light shows and a large symbol in the middle of the Sydney Harbour Bridgemarker. Over 1.5 million people gathered around Port Jacksonmarker (Sydney attendance of 2 million people). The fireworks display last from 15 to 25 minutes and is followed by music shows set on several stages throughout the beach.

As one of the first major New Year's celebrations each year (due to time zones), Sydney's fireworks display is often broadcast throughout the world during the day of 31 December .

Austria

In Austria, the New Year's Eve is usually celebrated with friends and family. At exactly midnight, the Austrian radiostation "Ö3" is broadcasting the "Donauwalzer" (The Blue Danube) by Johann Strauss II, while the people are outside, watching the fireworks and usually drinking Champaign or other types of sparkling wine.

Belgium

Belgian New Year's Eve celebrations are held in all large cities (Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent, Bruges) on 1 January. These celebrations are accompanied by fireworks.

Brazil

The Ano Novo (New Year in portuguese) celebration, also know in Brazilian Portuguese by the French word Reveillon, is one of the country's main holidays, and officially marks the beginning of the summer holidays, that usually end by Carnival (analogous to Memorial Day and Labor Day in the United Statesmarker).

The beach of Copacabana (in Portuguese: Praia de Copacabana), is considered by many, the location of the best fireworks show in the world.Brazilians usually have a copious meal with family or friends at home, in restaurants or private clubs, and consume alcoholic beverages. They usually dress in white, to bring good luck into the new year. Fireworks, offerings to African-Brazilian deities, eating grapes or lentils are some of the customs associated with the holiday.

The city of São Paulomarker also has a famous worldwide event: the Saint Silvester Marathon (Corrida de São Silvestre), which traverses streets between Paulista Avenue and the downtown area. It is contested by athletes of many countries, including such Olympic stars as the Kenyan runner Paul Tergat, who won it five times.



As it is said all the countries without exception celebrate the New Year's Eve and eventually the New year. this is an event that concerns everyone and it is obvious that it is well celebrated!All the countries of the world celebrate in its own manner and the more spectacular it is, the better it is for the eyes of other countries.

Also in Paulista Avenue is a great New Year's Eve, with large fires burning in the midnight. Famous singers in Brazil are in the party. In moving from 2008 to 2009, 1 million people attended the party.

Canada

In Canada, New Year's traditions and celebrations vary from region to region. Generally, New Year's Eve (also known as New Year's Eve Day) in Canada is a social holiday. In major metropolitan areas such as Torontomarker and Montrealmarker, major celebrations with music and fireworks are often held at Midnight. Other common New Year's Eve celebrations such as late-night partying are also major events in these cities and other places around Canada. In some areas, such as in rural Quebec, people ice fish and drink with their friends until the early hours of January 1. Traditions from other countries are also common due to Canada's cultural makeup .

Denmark

The Danes usually celebrate New Year's Eve, or nytårsaften in Danish, with their families or, more commonly nowadays, with their close friends, with fireworks and champagne. The evening meal on New Year's Eve is often more exclusive, and often consists of three courses; traditional desserts include Marzipan ring cake (Danish: kransekage, lit.: ring cake). Danes often watch the Queen's New Year's Speech on television. The climax is when the clock on the Copenhagen City Hallmarker reaches twelve, and the thousands of gathered people at the city square cheer and set off their fireworks. As in Germany the national television station DR1 broadcasts Dinner for One (in Danish: 90 års fødselsdagen (lit.: The 90th birthday)).

Ecuador

Ecuador celebrates a unique tradition on the last day of the year. Elaborate effigies, called Años Viejos (Old Years) are created to represent people and events from the past year. Often these include political characters or leaders that the creator of the effigy may have disagreed with. The dummies are made of straw, newspaper, and old clothes, with papier-mâché masks. Often they are also stuffed with fire crackers. At midnight the effigies are lit on fire to symbolize burning away of the past year and welcoming of the New Year. The origin of the tradition is unknown, but is similar to that of the British Guy Fawkes Night. It is possible the tradition began after a yellow fever epidemic left many dead. The corpses were then disposed of by burning.

Other rituals are performed for the health, wealth, prosperity and protection of each member. These rituals are the following:Twelve grapes: Each person eats twelve grapes before midnight, making a wish with each grape.

Yellow underwear: One of the most popular traditions, yellow underwear are said to attract positive energies for the New Year.

Suitcase: Walking around the block with the suitcase will bring the person the journey of their dreams.

France

New Year's Eve fireworks in Paris
The French call New Year's Eve "le Réveillon". It is usually celebrated with a feast called le Réveillon de la Saint-Sylvestre.This feast customarily includes special dishes like foie gras and drinks like champagne. The celebration can be a simple, intimate dinner with friends and family or a much fancier ball (une soirée dansante).

On le Jour de l'An (New Year's Day), friends and family exchange New Year's resolutions and sometimes gifts. Some people eat heart or log shaped desserts, sometimes made of ice cream

The holiday period ends on January 6 for the Epiphany. On this day, they traditionally enjoy a type of cake that varies depending on where you are in France, resembling king cake in the United States.

Germany

Germans call New Year's Eve Silvester. Since 1972, each New Year's Eve, several German television stations broadcast a short English theatrical performance titled Dinner for One. A punch line from the comedy sketch, "same procedure as every year", has become a catch phrase in Germany. Every year Berlin hosts one of the largest New Year's Eve celebrations in all of Europe which is attended by over a million people. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gatemarker and the fireworks at midnight centered around that location. Germans have a reputation of spending large amounts of money on firecrackers and fireworks.

China

In China, although the celebrations of the Lunar New Year are not until a few weeks into the new year, celebrations of the Gregorian New Year are still held in some areas.

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the people usually get together in Central, Causeway Bay and Tsim Sha Tsui to celebrate and to look at the night lights along the harbor. The Times Squaremarker shopping mall in Hong Kongmarker also holds their own send-off to the ball drop held at the Times Square in New York Citymarker.

Iceland

In Iceland the biggest new year events are usually in the greater Reykjavik area. Icelanders are especially fond to fireworks and sometimes the firework shows can be considered tourist attractions. Fireworks are very popular in Iceland. Bonfires are also set in several places throughout the country and are often accompanied with shows, musical events and sometimes foodtables.

India

Most celebrations take place in the larger cities of India like Bangaloremarker, Delhimarker, Chennaimarker, Hyderabadmarker and Mumbaimarker. Events such as live concerts and dances by bollywood stars are organised and attended mostly by youngsters. Large crowds also gather at popular spots along the coastline such as the Gateway of Indiamarker, Girgaum Chowpatty, Bandra Bandstand, Juhu Beach etc. More often than not friends rather than family tend to get together to celebrate the New Year.

Indonesia

The local government of Jakartamarker often holds a music show, a new year's countdown, and fireworks party in New Year's Eve celebration. The events often held in Monumen Nasionalmarker, Taman Impian Jaya Ancol, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indahmarker.In Jakartamarker, people celebrates New Year's Eve in Jalan MH Thamrin, with their families, siblings, or their friends more than two player friends dancer manager has ; Nikita Willy, and Cathy Sharon.Trumpet and fireworks are the most important things for Indonesian people to celebrate their New Year's Eve.

Ireland

The Irish call New Year's Eve New Year's Eve, or in Irish - Oíche Chinn Bliana, Oíche na Coda Móire or Oíche Chaille. Celebrations in major cities are modest. The beginning of 2009 was heralded only by the ringing of church bells. This is due to a ban on fireworks.

Italy

Italians call New Year's Eve Capodanno (the "head of the year") or Notte di San Silvestro (the night of the saint celebrated on 31 December). Tradition provides a set of rituals for the new year, as dress red underwear or get rid of old or unused items by dropping them from the window (this one is almost dropped).

Dinner, taken with parents and friend, uses to include zampone or cotechino (kind of spiced Italian sausage) and lentils. At half past eight pm, The President of the Republic reads the television message of greetings to Italians.

At midnight strike, fireworks are displayed across whole Italy.

Japan

The day is a preparation day to welcome toshigami (年神), new year's god.Therefore, traditionally, people clean their home and prepare Kadomatsu and/or Shimenawa to welcome the god before New Year's Eve.

Buddhist temples ring their bells 108 times on midnight, during 31 December to 1 January.These bell rings are called as joya no kane (除夜の鐘) in Japanese which means "bell rings on new year eve's night."Each bell rings represent 108 elements of bonnō (煩悩), defilements, or Kilesa in Sanskrit, which is said people have in their mind.The bells are rung to repent 108 of the bonnō.

On TV, the Red and White Year-end Song Festival is an over 50-year-old tradition involving a singing contest between male and female teams of celebrity singers.

Kosovo

Kosovan New Year's Eve celebrations are held in all major cities (Pristinamarker, Prizrenmarker, etc) on 31 December, 1 and 2 January. People celebrate on the streets accompanied by fireworks, family gatherings or on night clubs.

Lebanon

In Lebanon, people celebrate the New Year's Eve by the use of fireworks, and by organizing cheese and wine for family and friend gatherings. These celebrations could also take place at some fancy diners and clubs which are usually fully booked due to the presence of foreign and domestic popular singers. Game shows are also organised where people can try their luck to win some money. The synchronised final countdown is broadcast through the leading TV channel and the celebrations usually continue until sunrise.

Mexico

Mexicans down a grape with each of the twelve chimes of the bell during the New Year countdown, while making a wish with each one. On New Year's Eve, those who want to find love in the new year wear red underwear and yellow if they want money.

Other traditions include sweeping the dirt out, taking luggage outside as a symbol of future trips, hanging sheep dolls (mainly made out of wool) in the doorknob for prosperity, among others.

The celebrations are very similar to those of Spain.

They make dolls out of old clothes.

Netherlands

New Year's Eve is called Oud en Nieuw ("Old and New") or simply oudejaarsavond ("old year's evening"), and is usually celebrated as a cosy evening with family or friends. Traditional snack foods are oliebollen (oil dumplings) and appelbeignets (apple slice fritters) . On television, the main feature is the oudejaarsconférence, a performance by one of the major Dutch cabaret (comparable to stand-up comedy, but more serious; generally including a satirical review of the year's politics). In Reformed Protestant families, Psalm 90 is read, although this tradition is now fading away. At midnight, Glühwein (bisschopswijn) or Champagne is drunk. Many people fire off their own fireworks, which are on sale from a few days before; towns don't organise a central fireworks display. Public transport shuts down completely (the only scheduled time during the year) between approximately 20:00 and 01:00.

New Zealand

Aucklandmarker is west of the International Date Linemarker and thus is the first major city to see the beginning of the new year, however it is Gisbornemarker that is the first "city" in the world to see the first sun rise for the year. In common with many other places it celebrates this with large street parties and fireworks displays. Elsewhere in New Zealandmarker, local councils usually organise parties and street carnivals and fireworks displays. In recent years however, liquor bans have been imposed on many of the more popular areas due to disorder, vandalism and other anti-social behaviour.During the day of New Year's Eve, in recent years, the Black Caps have played a One Day International cricket game in Queenstownmarker.

Philippines

Filipinos usually celebrate New Year's Eve with the company of family and close friends. Traditionally, most households stage a dinner party named Media Noche in their homes. Typical dishes include pancit, Hamon and if the family could afford it, Lechón (roasted pig), which is usually considered as the centerpiece of the dinner table. Barbecued food is also an integral part of the menu.

Most Filipinos follow a set of traditions that are typically observed during New Year's Eve. Included among these traditions is the customary habit of wearing clothes with circular patterns like polka dots, this signifies the belief that circles attract money and fortune. Throwing coins at the stroke of midnight is said to increase wealth that year. Traditions also include the serving of circularly-shaped fruits, shaking of coins inside a metal casserole while walking around the house, and jumping up high which is believed to cause an increase in physical height. People also make loud noises by blowing on cardboard or plastic horns, called "torotot", banging on pots and pans or by igniting firecrackers and pyrotechnics at the stroke of midnight, in the belief that it scares away malevolent spirits and forces.

Urban areas are usually host to many New Year's Eve parties and countdown celebrations which are usually hosted by the private sector with the help of the local government. These parties usually display their own fireworks spectacle.

Poland

Polish Sylwester is celebrated by parties with friends and fireworks. Drinking a glass of champagne exactly at midnight and raising toast for luck in the upcoming year is one of the most common small traditions.

Serbia

New Year in Serbiamarker is traditionally celebrated extensively. Indoors, families celebrate New Year's Eve with an abundance of food. Decorated "Christmas"-trees are predominantly related to New Year, hence called "novogodišnja (new years) jelka". Around or after midnight, "Deda Mraz" (Grandpa Frost) visits houses and leaves presents under the tree, to be unpacked then or, if the family is asleep, only to be discovered in the morning.

Restaurants, clubs, cafe's and hotels are usually full-booked and organize New Years celebrations with food and live music.

However, Serbian New Year's celebrations are most known for the outdoors festivities in Belgrademarker, and several other major cities such as Novi Sadmarker and Nišmarker. As of mid-December, cities are extensively decorated and lit. The decorations remain until way into January due to the persistent influence of the old, Julian calendar. Throughout the region, especially amongst former Yugoslav republics, Belgrade is known as the place to be for major parties, concerts and happenings. It has become common for large groups of Slovene's to visit their former capital and celebrate the beginning of a new year. Especially since the mid-nineties, street celebrations grew into mass gatherings with hundreds of thousands of people, celebrating New Year on one of several locations throughout Belgrade. During former President Milošević's mandate, the gatherings had a strong political connotation as well. As of 2000, every year the City of Belgrade organizes several concerts with major national and international performers on Belgrade's major squares; the Republic Square, Terazije Square and in front of the Serbian (formerly Federal) Parliament building. The concerts commence early in the evening and last well into the morning. Usually, there are separate celebrations and concerts organized for small children (Slavija Square) and for elderly (Kalemegran park). Midnight is marked by major fireworks fired from suitable buildings within the city.

On January 1, the central Svetogorska street is closed for traffic and used to hold the "openhearted street" festival; food and warm drinks are served and open air theater plays are performed, while families with children as well as politicians (often including the President) walk down the street. The evening of the first of January is reserved for the so-called "repriza", a repetition of the previous night; people often go to the club, friends or square where they were last night to celebrate once more. Slightly down-scaled festivities are organized.

On January 13, a large part of the population celebrates "Serbian New Year", according to the Julian calendar. This time, usually one concert is organized in front of either City Hall or the National Parliament (in Belgrade), while fireworks are prepared by the Serbian Orthodox Church and fired from the Saint Sava Temple, where people also gather. Other cities also organize such celebrations.

The Former Soviet Union

In the former Soviet Union, New Year has the same cultural significance as Christmas has in the United States, but without the religious connotations. Russian, Ukrainian and other families from former Soviet Union traditionally install spruce trees at home, the equivalent of a Christmas tree. In Eastern Europe, there is the Ded Moroz, who looks similar to Santa Claus, except he wears robes, and instead of reindeer, he is pulled bya troika (i.e. a three-horse drawn sled). Families gather to eat a large feast and reflect on the past year. They have a large celebration, make toasts, and make wishes for a happy New Year. Families give presents to their friends as well as informal acquaintances. This is due to Russians being a closely-knit community, and it is seen as a taboo to not give presents to those the family associates with. Children stay up until midnight, waiting for the New Year. Also, during these celebrations many Russians tune to special New Year shows, which have become a long-standing tradition for the Russian TV.

New Year is often considered a "pre-celebration" for the Eastern Orthodox living in Eastern Europe, primarily in Russia and Ukraine, since Christmas is celebrated on January 7 according to the Eastern Orthodox tradition.

Spain

The Puerta Del Sol in 2005 New Year's Eve
Spanish New Year's Eve (Nochevieja or Fin de Año in Spanish, Cap d'Any in Catalan) celebrations usually begin with a family dinner, traditionally including shrimp and lamb or turkey. Spanish tradition says that wearing red underwear on New Year's Eve brings good luck. The actual countdown is primarily followed from the clock on top of the Casa de Correos building in Puerta del Sol square in Madridmarker. It is traditional to eat twelve grapes, one on each chime of the clock. This tradition has its origins in 1909, when grape growers in Alicantemarker thought of it as a way to cut down on the large production surplus they had had that year. Nowadays, the tradition is followed by almost every Spaniard, and the twelve grapes have become synonymous with the New Year. After the clock has finished striking twelve, people greet each other and toast with sparkling wine such as cava or champagne, or alternatively with cider.

After the family dinner and the grapes, many young people attend New Year parties at pubs, discothèques and similar places (these parties are called cotillones de nochevieja, after the Spanish word cotillón, which refers to party supplies like confetti, party blowers, party hats, etc.). Parties usually last until the next morning and range from small, personal celebrations at local bars to huge parties with guests numbering the thousands at hotel convention rooms. Early next morning, party attendees usually gather to have the traditional winter breakfast of chocolate con churros (hot chocolate and fried pastry).

Suriname

Pagara (Red-firecracker-ribbons)New Year's Eve in Suriname is called Oud jaar which means old year. It is during this period that the Surinamese population goes to the city's commercial district to watch demonstrational fireworks. This is however, a spectacle based on the famous red-firecracker-ribbons. The bigger stores invest in these firecrackers and display them out in the streets. Every year the length of them is compared, and high praises are held for the company that has managed to import the largest ribbon. These celebrations start at 10 in the morning and finish the next day. The day is usually filled with laughter, dance, music, and drinking. When the night starts, the big street parties are already at full capacity. The most popular fiesta is the one that is held at café 't Vat in the main tourist district. The parties there stop between 10 and 11 at night. After which the people go home to light their pagaras (red-firecracker-ribbons) at midnight. After 12, the parties continue and the streets fill again until daybreak.at day break there is a bathroom break and then beer

Switzerland

In Switzerlandmarker, New Year's Eve is typically celebrated at a residence with friends (Christmas usually having been celebrated with family). There are no particular main dishes associated with the event, although sweets and desserts are usual. Each commune has its own government-arranged countdown in a public space, accompanied with formal fireworks shows in larger cities.

Alternatives are spending the time with family, or in a night club.

Sweden

In Swedenmarker, New Year's Eve is usually celebrated with families or with friends. A few hours before and after midnight, people usually party and eat a nicer dinner, often three courses. New Year's Eve is celebrated with large fireworks displays throughout the country, especially in the cities. People over 18 are allowed to buy fireworks, which are sold by local stores or by private persons. While watching or lighting up fireworks at midnight, people usually drink champagne.During the evening there is a showing on TV of the old West German cult classic Dinner for One with Freddie Frinton. This was released in 1963 in West Germany, Sweden 1969, and Denmark 1973.Ref: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0121210/releaseinfo

Taiwan

Many people in Taiwan celebrate the end of the year. Concerts are held in most of the cities, including Taoyuan, Taichungmarker, Taipeimarker, and Kaoshiungmarker. Recently, the nation has used higher technology to communicate among the cities via video, enabling the cities to count down together. The most crowded city is the capital, Taipei, where most people gather by Taipei 101marker and shopping centres in its vicinity. The tower is located in the shopping and financial area of the Xinyi Districtmarker. People gather around the streets of Taipei 101 as they count down. With each number they count, one of the layers of Taipei 101 (eight floors per layer) lights up until 0, when the fireworks shoot out from the top of each layer (eight layers excluding a layer under the antenna) in different directions, as shown in the picture at right.

Turkey

Numerous decorations and customs traditionally associated with Christmas and Bayrams find a secular translation in Turkishmarker New Year's Eve celebrations, where homes and streets are lit up in glittering lights, ornamented trees, and garlands as well as various traditional Turkish aesthetic practices. Small gifts are exchanged, and large family dinners are organized with family and friends, featuring roast turkey, a special Zante currant-pimento-dill iç pilav dish, dolma, hot börek, baklava baklava and various other eggplant dishes, topped with warm pide, salep and boza.

Television and radio channels are known to continuously broadcast a variety of special New Year's Eve programs, while Municipalities all around the country organize fundraising events for the poor, in addition to celebratory public shows such as concerts and family-friendly events, as well as more traditional forms of entertainment such as the Karagöz and Hacivat shadow-theater and even performances by the Mehter - the Janissary Band that was founded during the days of the Ottoman Empire.

Public and private parties with large public attendances are organised in a number of cities and towns, particularly in the largest metropolitan areas such as Istanbulmarker, Ankaramarker, Izmirmarker, Adanamarker and Antalyamarker, with the biggest celebrations taking place in Istanbul's Taksim, Beyoğlumarker, Nişantaşımarker and Kadıköymarker districts and Ankara's Kızılay Square, which generally feature dancing, concerts, laser and lightshows as well as the traditional countdown and fireworks display.

New Year in Istanbul Turkey : http://www.privateistanbultours.com/57,new-year-party-by-boat-on-bosphorus.html

United Kingdom



Londonmarker's firework celebrations centre around the London Eyemarker. At the start of 2005, fireworks were launched from the wheel itself for the first time. The timing of the new year is usually indicated by the chimes on Big Benmarker .

Hogmanay Fireworks in Edinburgh


In Edinburgh the cannon is fired at Edinburgh Castlemarker at the stroke of midnight and is followed by a large fireworks display.

Scotlandmarker celebrates New Year as Hogmanay. Other cities in Britain such as Liverpoolmarker, Glasgowmarker, Leedsmarker, Cardiffmarker, Manchestermarker, Aberdeenmarker, Newcastle upon Tynemarker and Birminghammarker all have celebrations during the evening.

The celebrations have been televised from Londonmarker over the last few years by the BBC in England & Wales. BBC Scotland broadcast the celebrations in Edinburgh to a Scottish audience, with the UK-wide BBC occasionally simulcasting. ITV covers the New Year celebrations worldwide, with STV additionally providing coverage in Scotland of events going on around the country.HHOALAÑZ,ZZ,M

United States

Countdown 2006 in NYC


In the United Statesmarker, New Year's Eve is a major social holiday. One of the top destination cities for New Year's Eve from 2003 to 2006 has been New York. Las Vegas is also attracting a large number of New Year's Eve party goers with the famous Las Vegas strip being closed to vehicles and buses.

In the past 100 years the "ball dropping" on top of One Times Squaremarker in New York Citymarker, broadcast to all of America (and rebroadcast in many other countries), is a major component of the New Year celebration New Year's Eve in the United States. The , diameter Waterford crystal ball located high above Times Square is lowered, starting at 11:59:00pm and reaching the bottom of its tower 60 seconds later, at the stroke of midnight (12:00:00am). This is repeated in many towns and cities across the United Statesmarker. From 1981 to 1988, New York City dropped an enlarged apple in recognition of its nickname. It is sometimes referred to as "the big apple" like the city itself; the custom derives from the time signal that used to be given at noon in harbors.

From 1972 through 2007, Dick Clark hosted televised coverage of the event called Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve, shown on ABC, and now renamed Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with Ryan Seacrest for the arrival of 2009. From 1956 to 1976 on CBS, Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians serenaded the United States from the ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotelmarker on Park Avenue in New York Citymarker. The Royal Canadians continued on CBS until 1978, and Happy New Year, America replaced it in 1979, continuing until 1995. The song Auld Lang Syne has become a popular song to sing at midnight on New Year's Eve, with the Lombardo version being the standard. NBC also has hosted New Year's coverage; traditionally, the networks' late night hosts have hosted special editions of their regular shows (including a special Central Time Zone-specific countdown on Late Night with Conan O'Brien), but since 2005, the network has opted for a special entitled New Year's Eve with Carson Daly. Fox, CNN, and Fox News Channel also have their own New Year's specials.

Communities

Religious Communities
Many religious communities have a tradition of New Year's Eve being known as "Watch Night". The faithful of the community congregate in worship services commencing New Year's Eve night and continuing past midnight into the new year. The Watch Night is a time for giving thanks for the blessings of the outgoing year and praying for divine favor during the upcoming year. Though held by some to have begun in the African American community, watch night can actually be traced back to a sect of Christians known as the Moravians who held the first Watchnight Service in Herrnhutmarker, Saxonymarker, in 1732. The practice was later adopted by John Wesley, the founder of Methodism. Watch Night did take on special significance to African Americans on New Year's Eve 1862, however, as slaves eagerly awaited the arrival of January 1, 1863—the effective date of the Emancipation Proclamation. This particular New Year's Eve became known as "Freedom's Eve."


Local celebrations

Many cities in the US have their own local version of the celebration, even while keeping an eye on New York, and the New York-centric aspect of the holiday is diminishing.

In recent years, festivities in downtown Cleveland, Ohiomarker have increased in popularity, demonstrating a midwest style to the traditional New Year's festivities. Specifically, several bars including "Blind Pig" and more recently "Cadillac Ranch" host parties drawing thousands of revelers. The party at "Cadillac Ranch" is especially a sign of the revitalization of the Cleveland area as its location is adjacent to the Health Line.

Many cities, echoing the New York tradition of ball drop, also descend or lower an object (or an enlarged representation of an object) For example, big balloon drops are traditional at the Professionals Guild singles New Year's Eve parties in Sacramento and in the San Francisco Bay Area.

The festivities in downtown Chicagomarker take place at Navy Piermarker, as fireworks set off on the pier.

In some communities the objects dropped have special local significance. Orange County, Californiamarker, Orange County, Texasmarker, and Orange County, New Yorkmarker, all drop large orange (Orange County, Floridamarker, tried it briefly, but has since ceased doing so). There are also examples of things going up. In Seattlemarker the countdown is done by raising the Space Needlemarker's elevator and launching fireworks up the side of the tower until both reach the top at midnight. Also Atlantamarker, Georgia does their famous Peach Drop, another event that is shown on Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve.

New Year's Eve is a major event in Las Vegas, Nevada, where the Las Vegas Stripmarker is shut down as several hundred thousand people party. New Year's Eve is traditionally the busiest day of the year at Walt Disney Worldmarker in Florida and Disneylandmarker in California, where the parks stay open late and the usual nightly fireworks are supplemented by an additional New Year's Eve-specific show at midnight. In New Orleansmarker, Louisianamarker, another of the most popular New Year celebration venues in North America, similar crowds of hundreds of thousands gather in the French Quartermarker, particularly on Bourbon Street and Canal Street, to celebrate the New Year.

Many cities also celebrate First Night, a non-alcohol family-friendly New Year's Celebration, generally featuring performing artists, community events, parades, and fireworks displays. First Night began in Boston in 1976 and is now found in over 60 cities nationwide. A similar celebration is Providence, Rhode Islandmarker's Bright Night,and an artist-run arts celebration that started when Providence's First Night went bankrupt in 2003.

Random gunfire and unapproved fireworks use

In several areas of the U.S., particularly major urban areas, New Year celebrations are punctuated by random celebratory gunfire which could potentially cause injuries or deaths. Police departments in many cities, aided by gun safety organizations, have attempted to crack down on this practice through technology and stiffer penalties.

A New Year's Eve tradition in Hawaiimarker and other areas is the un-condoned use of fireworks by local residents. Local governments have begun to severely limit this practice in recent years for numerous reasons, including its effect on people with breathing problems, thrill-seeking but dangerous twists on fireworks use (e.g. hanging fireworks from power lines), and unintended fires.

Venezuela

In Venezuela, many of the traditions are very similar to the ones from Spain, with an over-emphasis in traditions that supposedly will bring good luck in the year forthcoming. Those who want to find love in the New Year are supposed to wear red underwear on New Year's Eve; those who want money must have a bill of high value when toast, those who want to travel must go out home while carrying some luggage, and so on. Yellow underwear is worn to bring happiness in the New Year.

Usually, people listen to radio specials, which give a countdown and announce the New Year according to the legal hour in Venezuela, and, in Caracasmarker, following the twelve bells from the Cathedral of Caracas. During these special programs is a tradition to broadcast songs about the sadness on the end of the year, being popular favorites "Viejo año" ("Old year") by Gaita group Maracaibo 15 and "Cinco pa' las 12" ("Five minutes before twelve") who was versioned by several popular singers like Nestor Zavarce, Nancy Ramos and José Luis Rodríguez El Puma, and the unofficial hymn for the first minutes of the New Year is "Año Nuevo, Vida Nueva" ("New Year, New Life"), by the band Billo's Caracas Boys.

Songs

In English-speaking countries, a few popular songs are associated with New Year's Eve and it is common to hear them on the radio these countries on, or shortly before, December 31.



During the festivities for the year 2000, Prince's 1999 was re-released and enjoyed increased popularity due to the song's namesake year. Will Smith also released a song entitled Will 2K, which also proved successful, owing to the lyrics' celebration of millennium parties. Robbie Williams enjoyed a similar success with his 1998 single Millennium

See also



References

  1. New Year's Eve in Australia
  2. New Year's Eve in Canada
  3. New Year's Day in France
  4. New Year's Eve in Germany
  5. New Year's Day in the Netherlands
  6. Wim Kan displaced Psalm 90 and prayer, Trouw, 31 December 2001
  7. A video of the celebration at the Taipei 101 in 2008
  8. New Year's Eve in the United Kingdom
  9. Chicago Is Top Destination to Ring in 2007 for Third Year Running



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