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New York's 16th congressional district: Map

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New York's 16th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in the Bronxmarker. The district includes the neighborhoods of Bedford Park, East Tremont, Fordham, Hunts Point, Melrosemarker, Highbridgemarker, Morrisaniamarker, Mott Havenmarker and University Heightsmarker. Yankee Stadiummarker, Fordham Universitymarker and the Bronx Zoomarker are located within the district. The district is currently represented by Democrat Jose Serrano.

The territory now within the 16th Congressional District was, in 2000, the poorest of the nation's 435 present Congressional Districts (with 42.2% of its residents below the poverty line) and the most favorable to Democratic Presidential candidate Al Gore (who won 92% of its vote). Of New York State's 29 congressional districts it was the most Hispanic and also the youngest (34.5% under 18 years old and 6.7% over 65). It had, as well, the state's lowest percentage of owner-occupied homes (7.2% versus 53.0% statewide). It was recorded as the most Democratic district in the Cook Partisan Voter Index for the 110th U.S. Congress, with a score of D+43. In 2008, it gave Barack Obama his largest victory margin in any congressional district, a margin of 95%-5%.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Democrat Republican
2008 President Obama 95% McCain 5%
2004 President Kerry 89% Bush 10%
2000 President Gore 92% Bush 5%


Components: Past and Present

1993–present:
Parts of Bronxmarker
1983–1993
Parts of Manhattanmarker
1973–1983
Parts of Brooklynmarker
1963–1973
All of Staten Islandmarker
Parts of Brooklynmarker
1953–1963
Parts of Manhattanmarker
1945–1953
All of Staten Islandmarker
Parts of Brooklynmarker
1913–1945
Parts of Manhattanmarker
1823-1833:
Montgomerymarker


Representatives

Representative Party Years District Home Note
District created 1803
John Paterson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1805
Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809
Reuben Humphrey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 – March 3, 1809
District eliminated 1809
District restored 1813
Morris S. Miller Federalist March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
Thomas R. Gold Federalist March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817
Henry R. Storrs Federalist March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1821
Joseph Kirkland Federalist March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823
John W. Cady Adams-Clay DR March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
Henry Markell Adams March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1829
Benedict Arnold Anti-Jackson March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Nathan Soule Jacksonian March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1833
Abijah Mann, Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
Arphaxed Loomis Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
Andrew W. Doig Democratic March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843
Chesselden Ellis Democratic March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
Hugh White Whig March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1851
John Wells Whig March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
George A. Simmons Whig March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 – May 30, 1857
George W. Palmer Republican March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1861
Orlando Kellogg Republican March 4, 1863 – August 24, 1865 died in office
vacant August 24, 1865 – December 3, 1866
Robert S. Hale Republican December 3, 1866 – March 3, 1867
Orange Ferriss Republican March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1871
John Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
James S. Smart Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Charles H. Adams Republican March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Terence J. Quinn Democratic March 4, 1877 – June 18, 1878 died in office
vacant June 18, 1878 – November 5, 1878
John Mosher Bailey Republican November 5, 1878 – March 3, 1881
Michael N. Nolan Democratic March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Thomas J. Van Alstyne Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
John H. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1893 redistricted from 13th district
William Ryan Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Benjamin L. Fairchild Republican March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897
William L. Ward Republican March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899
John Q. Underhill Democratic March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901
Cornelius A. Pugsley Democratic March 4, 1901 – March 3, 1903
Jacob Ruppert, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1907 redistricted from 15th district
Francis B. Harrison Democratic March 4, 1907 – March 3, 1913 redistricted to 20th district
Peter J. Dooling Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1919 redistricted to 15th district
Thomas F. Smith Democratic March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1921 redistricted from 15th district
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1921 – March 1, 1923 died in office
vacant March 1, 1923 – November 6, 1923
John J. O'Connor Democratic November 6, 1923 – January 3, 1939
James H. Fay Democratic January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1941
William T. Pheiffer Republican January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1943
James H. Fay Democratic January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1945
Ellsworth B. Buck Republican January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1949 redistricted from 11th district
James J. Murphy Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1953
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1963 redistricted from 22nd district, redistricted to 18th district
John M. Murphy Democratic January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1973 redistricted to 17th district
Elizabeth Holtzman Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1981
Charles E. Schumer Democratic January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 redistricted to 10th district
Charles B. Rangel Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 redistricted from 19th district, redistricted to 15th district
José Serrano Democratic January 3, 1993 – present redistricted from 18th district


The 16th District covered a Staten Island district in the 1960s, a Brooklyn district in the 1970s and the upper Manhattan seat in the 1980s. This Bronx district was originally the 21st District and later the 18th District.

Election results

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

References

  1. The Almanac of American Politics, 2008, by Michael Barone with Richard E. Cohen and Grant Ujifusa, National Journal Group, Washington, D.C., ISBN 978-0-89234-116-0 & ISBN 978-0-89234-117-7 (paperback)
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003, Section 31, Table 1384. Congressional District Profiles — 108th Congress: 2000
  3. Swing State Project


Sources

Books

External links




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