New York Giants are a professional American football team based in East
Jersey. The team plays its home games at Giants Stadium, which also serves as its headquarters, and trains
at an adjacent practice facility within the Meadowlands
In a unique arrangement, the team shares
the stadium with the New York Jets
also the New York Red Bulls, who also play their home games there
but maintain their training complex and headquarters at an off-site
The Giants are currently members of the Eastern
of the National Football Conference
(NFC) in the National Football
(NFL). They were one of five teams that joined the NFL
in 1925, but the only one
admitted that year which still exists
rank third among all NFL franchises
with seven NFL titles
: four in the
era (1927, 1934, 1938,
1956) and three since the advent of the Super Bowl (Super Bowls XXI
(1990), and XLII
(2007). Their championship tally is
surpassed only by the Green Bay
(12) and Chicago Bears
(9). During their history, the Giants have
featured 15 Hall of Fame players, including NFL Most
Valuable Player (MVP) award winners Mel
Hein, Frank Gifford, Charlie Conerly, Y. A.
, and Lawrence Taylor
To distinguish it from the professional baseball team
of the same name
, the football team was incorporated as the
New York Football Giants
. Although the baseball
team moved to San
Francisco after the
1957 season, the football team continues to use "New York Football
Giants, Inc." as its legal corporate name, and is often referred to
by fans and sportscasters as the "New York Football Giants".
The team has also gained several nicknames, including "Big Blue,"
the "G-Men," the "Big Blue Wrecking Crew," "The Road Warriors," and
the "Jints," a name seen frequently in the New York Post
, originating from the
baseball team when they were based in New York.
Giants played their
first game against All New Britain in New Britain,
Connecticut, on October 4, 1925.
They defeated New
Britain 26–0 in front of a crowd of 10,000. The Giants were
successful in their first season, finishing with an 8–4 record in
In just its third season
finished with the
best record in the league at 11–1–1 and was awarded the NFL title.
After a disappointing fourth
) owner Mara bought
the entire squad of the Detroit
, principally to acquire star quarterback Benny Friedman
, and merged the two teams
under the Giants name.
, there were still many who
questioned the quality of the professional game, claiming the
college "amateurs" played with more intensity. In December 1930, the
Giants played a team of Notre Dame All Stars at
Grounds to raise money for the unemployed of New York
It was also an opportunity to establish the
superiority of the pro game. Knute
reassembled his Four
along with the stars of his 1924 Championship squad
and told them to score early, then defend. Rockne, like much of the
public, thought little of pro football and expected an easy win.
But from the beginning it was a one-way contest, with Friedman
running for two Giant touchdowns and Hap
passing for another. Notre Dame failed to score. When it
was all over, Coach Rockne told his team, "That was the greatest
football machine I ever saw. I am glad none of you got hurt." The
game raised $100,000 for the homeless, and is often credited with
establishing the legitimacy of the professional game.
In a fourteen-year span from 1933 to 1946, the Giants qualified to
play in the NFL championship game 8 times, winning twice.
period the Giants were led by Hall of Fame coach Steve
Owen, and Hall of Fame players Mel
Hein, Red Badgro, and Tuffy Leemans.
This period also
included the famous "Sneakers Game
where they defeated the Chicago Bears
on an icy field in
the 1934 NFL Championship
, while wearing sneakers for better traction. The Giants
were particularly successful from the latter half of the 1930s
until the United States entry into World
. They added their third NFL championship
with a 23–17 win over the
not win another league title until 1956, aided by a number of
future Pro Football
Hall of Fame players such as running back Frank Gifford, linebacker Sam Huff, and offensive tackle Roosevelt Brown, as well as all-pro running
The Giants' 1956 championship team not only
included players who would eventually find their way to the Pro
Football Hall of Fame, but it also had a Hall of Fame coaching
staff. Head coach Jim Lee Howell
staff had Vince Lombardi
offense and Tom Landry
defense. From 1958 to 1963, the Giants played in the NFL
Championship Game five times, but failed to win. Most
significantly, the Giants played the Colts
in the 1958 NFL Championship Game
is considered a watershed
in the history of the NFL. The game, which the Giants lost in
overtime 23–17, is often considered one of the most important
events in furthering the NFL's popularity in America. The following
year, they gave up a 16–9 4th quarter lead to again lose to the
Colts in the championship game, 31–16. In 1963 led by league MVP
quarterback Y.A. Tittle
threw an NFL record 36 touchdown
the Giants advanced to the NFL Championship Game, where they lost
to the Bears 14–10.
From 1964 to 1978, the Giants registered only two winning seasons
and were unable to advance to the playoffs. With players such as
Tittle and Gifford approaching their mid 30s, the team declined
rapidly, finishing 2–10–2 in 1964
They rebounded with a 7–7 record in 1965
, before compiling a league-worst 1–12–1
record, and allowing more than 500 points on defense in 1966
. During the 1969 preseason, the Giants lost their first meeting
with the Jets, 37–14, in
front of 70,874 fans at the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut.
Following the game, Wellington Mara fired
coach Allie Sherman
, and replaced him
with former Giants fullback Alex Webster.
, the team acquired
quarterback Fran Tarkenton
. Despite having
several respectable seasons with Tarkenton at quarterback,
including a 7–7 finish in 1967 and 9–5 in 1970
, the Giants traded him back to the
Vikings after the 1971 season
Tarkenton would go on to lead his team to three Super Bowls and
create a Hall of Fame resume, while the Giants suffered through one
of the worst stretches in their history. Starting in 1973 the
Giants compiled only 23 wins in 6 seasons. Before the 1976 season,
the Giants tried to replace retired RB Ron Johnson
with future HOF
fullback Larry Csonka
to revive a weak
offense. Csonka was unfortunately often injured and ineffective
during his 3 years in New York. The 1977
also featured the unusual choice of having three rookie
quarterbacks on their roster.
this period, due to the renovation of Yankee
Stadium, which the team shared with baseball's New York Yankees, the Giants were forced to
play their home games at the Yale Bowl from 1973 through 1974, and
Shea Stadium in Queens, NY in 1975. They finally received
their own dedicated state-of-the-art stadium in 1976, when they
moved into Giants
Stadium at the Meadowlands in East Rutherford, New Jersey.
One of the low points during this period
was the so-called "Miracle at the Meadowlands
which occurred in 1978. With the Giants needing only to kneel
the ball to secure a certain victory
against the Philadelphia
, they chose to call a running play—which resulted in a
fumble that was returned for a game-winning touchdown by the
Eagles' Herman Edwards
, the Giants began the steps
that would, in time, return them to the pinnacle of the NFL. These
included the drafting of quarterback Phil
, and linebacker
. In 1981
Taylor won the NFL's Defensive Rookie of the
Player of the Year
awards and the Giants made the playoffs for
the first time since 1963. One of the few bright spots during this
time was the team's excellent linebackers, who were known as the
. After the strike-shortened
the 1982 season
, in which they finished 4–5,
head coach Ray Perkins
resigned to take over the same position at the University of Alabama
. In a
change that would prove crucial in the coming years, he was
replaced by the team's defensive
, Bill Parcells
Parcells's initial year and finished with 3–12–1 record. After 9–7
and 10–6 finishes in 1984
respectively, the Giants
compiled a 14–2 record in
led by league MVP and Defensive
Player of the Year Lawrence Taylor. After defeating the 49ers and Redskins by a combined score
of 66–3 in the playoffs, the Giants advanced for the first time to
play the Denver Broncos
at the Rose
Bowl in Pasadena in Super Bowl
Led by Super Bowl MVP Simms who completed 22 of 25
passes for a Super Bowl record 88% completion percentage
, they defeated
the Broncos 39–20, to win their first championship since 1956.
addition to Simms and Taylor, the team was led during this period
by head coach Bill Parcells, tight end
Mark Bavaro, running back Joe Morris, and Hall of
Fame linebacker Harry
a 6–9 record in the strike-marred 1987 season
, with the running game in
particular struggling. After rushing for 1,526 and 1,336 yards in
1985 and 1986 Morris struggled to 658 yards behind an
injury-riddled offensive line in 1987. The early portion of the
was marred by a scandal
involving Lawrence Taylor. Taylor had abused cocaine and was
suspended for the first four games of the season for his second
violation of the league's substance abuse policy. Despite the
controversy, the Giants
finished 10–6, and Taylor recorded 15.5 sacks after his return from
the suspension. They surged to a 12–4 record in 1989, but lost to
the Los Angeles Rams
their opening playoff game when Flipper
caught a 47-yard touchdown pass to give the Rams a
19–13 overtime win. In 1990
the Giants went 13–3
and set an NFL record for fewest turnovers in a season (14), and
defeated the Buffalo Bills
in Super Bowl XXV
Following the 1990 season, Parcells resigned as head coach and was
replaced by the team's offensive coordinator Ray Handley
. Handley served as coach for two
disappointing seasons (1991–92), which saw the Giants fall from
Super Bowl champions to a 6–10 record. He was fired following the
, and replaced by former
' coach Dan Reeves
. In the early 1990s, Simms and Taylor,
two of the teams' largest figures in the 1980s, played out the last
seasons of their career with steadily declining production. The
resurgent season with Reeves at the helm in 1993
however, and Simms and Taylor ended
their careers as members of a playoff team.
The Giants initially struggled in the post Simms-Taylor era. After
starting 3–7 in 1994
, the Giants
won their final six games
to finish 9–7 but missed the playoffs
. Quarterback Dave Brown
received heavy criticism
throughout the season. Brown performed poorly the following two
seasons, and the Giants struggled to 5–11 and 6–10 records. Reeves
was fired following the 1996 season
and replaced by Jim Fassel
offensive coordinator of the Arizona
. Fassel named Danny
the team's starting quarterback, and the team
finished 10–5–1 and made
. After losing in the first
round to the Vikings
in 1997, the Giants
needed four wins to close out the season to finish 8–8 in 1998
Before the 1999 season Kerry Collins
was brought in to help the team.
Collins was the first–ever draft choice of the expansion Carolina Panthers
, and led the Panthers
to the NFC
Championship game in his second season. However, problems with
alcohol, conflicts with his teammates and questions about his
character led to his release from the Panthers. The Giants finished
7–9 in 1999
The 2000 season
was considered a
make-or-break year for Fassel. The conventional wisdom was that
Fassel needed to have a strong year and a playoff appearance to
save his job. After two back-to-back losses at home against
, the Giants fell to 7–4
and their playoff prospects were in question. At a press conference
following the Giants' loss to Detroit, Fassel guaranteed that
"[t]his team is going to the playoffs." The Giants responded,
winning the rest of their regular season games to finish the season
12–4 and earn a bye as the NFC's top seed.
The Giants won their first playoff game against the Philadelphia Eagles
and defeated the Minnesota
41–0 in the NFC Championship game. They advanced to
play the Baltimore
in Super Bowl XXXV
Though the Giants went into halftime down only 10–0, the Ravens
dominated the second half. Their defense harassed Kerry Collins all
game long, resulting in Collins completing only 15 of 39 passes for
112 yards and 4 interceptions. The Ravens won the game
The Giants struggled after their Super Bowl loss and Fassel was
replaced by current coach Tom Coughlin
in 2004. Although Collins had several solid seasons as the Giants
quarterback, he experienced his share of struggles. In 2004
, the Giants completed a draft day trade
quarterback Eli Manning
out of the
University of Mississippi
Manning has been the team's starting quarterback since the middle
of the 2004 season
, taking over for
. The early part of
Coughlin's tenure also produced inconsistent results (a 25–23
record and two playoff appearances—both losses, before the 2007
season) and spawned intense media scrutiny concerning the direction
of the team. During this period in their history, standout players
include defensive end Michael Strahan
, who set the NFL single
season record in sacks
, and running back Tiki Barber
, who set a team record for rushing
yards in a season in 2005.
Going into 2007
, the Giants had made
the playoffs in three consecutive seasons. In 2007, the Giants
became the third NFL franchise to win at least 600 games when they
defeated the Atlanta
on Monday Night
31–10. For the 2007 season, the NFL scheduled the
Giants' road game against the Miami Dolphins on October 28 to
be played in London's Wembley
Stadium; this was the NFL's first regular-season game to be
played outside of North
The Giants defeated the Dolphins, 13–10. The
Giants finished 10–6, and became NFC Champions after defeating the
, and Green Bay
in the NFC
. They set the record for most consecutive road wins
(which ended at 12 after losing to the Cleveland Browns
during week 6
of the 2008 season).
Super Bowl XLII
Patriots (18–0) had
entered the game 12.5-point favorites and went to Glendale,
With a final score of 17–14,
the Giants defeated the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XLII
, in the third biggest upset
by betting line in Super Bowl history. (Baltimore was favored by 17
over New York in Super Bowl III
St. Louis was favored by 14 over New England in Super Bowl XXXVI
.) Co-owner John Mara
described it as "the greatest victory in
the history of this franchise, without question."
The victory was mainly in part to New York's final drive, in which
on a 3rd-and-5 with the Giants trailing 14 to 10 with 1:15 left,
Eli Manning escaped the grasps of several of the Patriot's linemen.
He stood up and threw it downfield to little-known wide receiver
, who leaped up, pinned the ball against his
helmet and was able to hold it
while being dragged down by
defender Rodney Harrison
Manning threw a touchdown pass to Plaxico Burress
. New England had the ball on
their own 26 yard line with 29 seconds left. Tom Brady threw an
incompletion, got sacked, then threw two more incompletions. Eli
Manning kneeled down to kill the final seconds of the game, making
the victory official.
, the Giants won the NFC East
with a record of 12–4 (and also were the number one seed in the
NFC), losing to the Philadelphia Eagles
divisional round of the playoffs
After starting a perfect 5-0, New York lost to the likewise
undefeated New Orleans Saints by a score of 48-27 sending them into
a losing streak of 4 matches, which was broken after an overtime
victory 34-31 against Atlanta.
The greatest offensive surprise thus far has been third year
. Out of USC, Smith has led the team with 61 receptions,
719 receiving yards, and 5 touchdowns.
Logos and uniforms
With over 80 years of team history, the Giants have used numerous
Giants' logos include several incarnations of a giant quarterback
preparing to throw a football, a lowercase "ny", and stylized
versions of the team nickname.
Giants' jerseys are traditionally blue or red (or white with blue
or red accents), and their pants alternate between white and gray.
Currently, the Giants wear home jerseys that are solid blue with
white block numbering, gray pants with red and blue stripes on the
pant legs, and solid blue socks. For this they gained their most
reknown nickname, "Big Blue". For road uniforms, they wear a white
jersey with red block numbering and Northwest stripes on the
sleeves, gray pants with blue and red stripes, and solid red socks.
The Giants' current helmet is metallic blue with white block
numbers, frontally mounted on either side of a red stripe running
down the center. The helmet is adorned on both sides with the lower
case "ny" logo and features a gray facemask. Additionally, the
Giants had until the '09-'10 season a third jersey which recalled
the Giants' solid red home jerseys from the early 50's: a solid red
alternate with white block numbers. These jerseys have been used a
total of four times, but have been retired. Once in 2004 against
the Philadelphia Eagles
three consecutive years; 2005, 2006, and 2007 against the Dallas Cowboys
Financial history and fan base
The Giants have had a long, and at times turbulent financial
history. The Giants were founded by Tim
with an investment of US$
500 in 1925 and became one of the
first teams in the then five-year-old NFL. To differentiate
themselves from the baseball team of the same name, they took the
name "New York Football Giants", which they still use as their
legal corporate name.
Although the Giants were successful on the field in their initial
seasons, their financial status was a different story. Overshadowed
by baseball, boxing, and college football, professional football
was not a popular sport in 1925. The Giants were in dire financial
straits until the 11th game of the season when Red Grange
and the Chicago Bears
came to town,
attracting over 73,000 fans. This gave the Giants a much needed
influx of revenue, and perhaps altered the history of the
franchise. The following year, Grange and his agent formed a rival
league and stationed a competing team, led by Grange, in New York.
Though the Giants lost $50,000 that season, the rival league folded
and was subsumed into the NFL. Following the 1930 season, Mara
transferred ownership of the team over to his two sons to insulate
the team from creditors, and by 1946, he had given over complete
control of the team to them. Jack
older son, controlled the business aspects, while Wellington
controlled the on-field
operations. After their initial struggles the Giants financial
status stabilized, and they led the league in attendance several
times in the 1930s and 1940s. Attendance Rises in Pro Football; Grand Total for
League Games and Extra Contests in 1939 Placed at 1,575,289
INCREASE 12.3 PER CENT Giants First For Home Crowds With 233,440
During Season --Detroit Places Next
, The New York
, December 17, 1939, accessed June 4, 2007.
* Pro Football set Attendance Mark; National League
Teams Played to More Than 1,600,000 Fans During 1940 DODGERS DREW
146,229 Washington, Pittsburgh Also Attracted Larger Crowds to Home
, The New York Times
, December 24, 1940, accessed
June 4, 2007.
* Attendance Gain for Pro Football; Game Average
36.7% Higher -- 1,072,469 at 40 Contests -- 55 Last Year Drew
, The New York Times
, December 7, 1943, accessed
June 4, 2007.
Giants estimated value from 1998 to
2006 according to Forbes
By the early 1960s, the Giants had firmly established themselves as
one of the league's biggest attractions. However, rather than
continuing to receive their higher share of the league television
revenue, the Mara sons pushed for equal sharing of revenue for the
benefit of the entire league. Revenue
is still practiced in the NFL today, and is credited
with strengthening the league. After their struggles in the latter
half of the 1960s and the entire 1970s, the Giants hired an
, to run the football operations for the first time in
franchise history. The Giants' on-field product and business
aspects improved rapidly following the move.
In 1991, Tim Mara, struggling with cancer at the time, sold his
half of the team to Bob Tisch
for a reported $80 million. This marked the first time in franchise
history the team had not been solely owned by the Mara family. In
2005, Wellington Mara, who had been with the team since its
inception in 1925 when he worked as a ball
, died at the age of 89. His death was followed two weeks
later by the death of Tisch.
the 2005 season, it was announced that the New York Giants,
New York Jets and the New Jersey
Sports and Exhibition Authority had reached an agreement where both teams will
work together to build a new stadium adjacent to the current Giants Stadium.
Giants had previously planned a $300 million dollar renovation to
the Meadowlands, before deciding in favor of the new stadium which
was originally estimated to cost approximately $600 million, before
rising to an estimated cost of one billion dollars. One advantage
gained by owning the stadium is that the teams will save
considerable money in tax payments. The teams plan to lease the
land from the state at a cost of $6.3 million per year. The state
will pay for all utilities, including the $30 million needed to
The Giants are currently owned and operated by John Mara
magazine estimates the current value of the team at $974 million.
This ranks them eighth among the 32 teams in the league in terms of
estimated value. The value has steadily increased from $288 million
in 1998, to their current value. The magazine estimated their
revenue in 2006 at $182 million, of which $46 million came from
gate receipts. Operating income was $26.9 million, and player
salary was $102 million. Current major sponsors include Gatorade, Anheuser Busch, Toyota, and Verizon Wireless.
sponsors include Miller Brewing
North Fork Bank
. Game day
concessions are provided by Aramark
, and the
Giants average ticket price is $72.
Giants draw their fans from the New York
Since their move to New Jersey in 1976,
fans from each state have claimed the team as their own. In January
1987, shortly before the team won Super Bowl XXI, then New York
City mayor Ed Koch
labeled the team
"foreigners" and said they were not entitled to a ticker-tape parade
in New York City. On
February 5, 2008, the city, under mayor Michael Bloomberg
, threw a ticker tape
parade in honor of the Giants' Super Bowl XLII victory at the
Canyon of Heroes
Manhattan. According to a team spokesman, in 2001, 49 percent of
the Giants' season ticket-holders lived in New Jersey. Most of the
remaining ticket holders lived in New York State with some coming
from other states.
Players of note
Pro Football Hall of Famers
Hall of Fame, the Giants boast the second-most enshrined members
with twenty-seven. Tim Mara
were a part of the original class
of inductees in 1963, while linebacker Harry Carson
, the most recent Giant inducted,
was a part of the Class of 2006. Numerous members, including
, Ray Flaherty
, Pete Henry
, Arnie Herber
, Don Maynard
, Hugh McElhenny
, and Jim
were at one time associated with the New York Giants,
however they have been inducted under other teams.
|New York Giants retired
||Ray Flaherty*||32||[[Al Blozis]] |-
|4||[[Tuffy Leemans]]||40||[[Joe Morrison]] |- |7||[[Mel
Hein]]||42||[[Charlie Conerly]] |- |11||[[Phil Simms]]||50||[[Ken
Strong]] |- |14||[[Y.A. Tittle]]||56||[[Lawrence Taylor]] |-
|16||[[Frank Gifford]]|| |- |} *Retired in 1935, this was the first
number to be retired by any team in major league sports.
NFL MVP award winners
Super Bowl MVP award winners
All-time first-round draft picks
Coaches of note
Radio and television
2009, the Giants' flagship radio station is WFAN 660 AM, the
oldest all-sports radio station in the United States. Some
games in August and September are moved to WCBS-FM 101.1 FM due to conflicts with the New York Mets baseball
team. Since 2008 the broadcast features play-by-play man Bob Papa and color commentator Carl Banks, with Howard
Cross reporting from the sidelines. WWOR and WNYW sports
reporter Russ Salzberg, who also served as midday host on WFAN with
Steve Somers in the mid-1990s, hosts
the pregame and postgame shows with former Giants offensive lineman
telecasts not seen nationally air in the area on WNBC, "4 New
WFAN has produced the Giants' radio broadcasts since the mid '90s,
but has not always aired them on the station. The first year of
production saw the games airing on the team's flagship station at
the time, WOR. For
the following season the radiocasts aired simultaneously on both
WOR and WFAN, with the games moving solely to the latter the next
year. In 1997 WFAN decided to begin airing the Giants broadcast on
sister station WNEW-FM, a practice it ended
after three seasons. The Giants' radiocasts moved back to WFAN in
2000 and have been there ever since.
Giants' longtime radio home was WNEW-AM, where games aired from the mid-1950s until 1993
when the station was bought by Bloomberg
L.P. and changed its format. Marty Glickman teamed with Al DeRogatis for a long stretch beginning in
the early 1960s on WNEW-AM. Dick Lynch
joined Glickman after DeRogatis left to join Curt Gowdy on NBC. After the WNEW split, games
began airing on WOR. Jim
Gordon replaced Glickman as Giants voice in 1977 with Lynch as
his analyst. Lynch was an analyst for the Giants from 1967 to 2007,
with his last game being Super Bowl
XLII, and retired following the season due to his advancing
leukemia, which took his life in September
Eventually Gordon and Lynch were joined by Karl Nelson, a former lineman for the Giants.
Gordon and Nelson were fired after the 1994 season, after which
Papa took over the play-by-play (after being studio host) and led a
two-man booth with Lynch. Dave
Jennings joined the broadcast team in 2002 following his firing
by the Jets, with whom he had worked
since his 1987 retirement from the NFL. Jennings was moved to the
pregame show after the 2006 season and was replaced by Carl
After WFAN began airing games Richard
Neer served as pregame and postgame host. Eventually, Sid Rosenberg served as pregame and postgame
host for home games. They were replaced by Chris Carlin, who in turn was replaced by
Salzberg for 2008.
The Giants were carried on the DuMont Network, then CBS (New York's
Channel 2) in the early TV days of the NFL, when home games were
blacked out within a 75-mile radius of New York City. Chris Schenkel was their play-by-play
announcer in that early era when each team was assigned its own
network voice on its regional telecasts. At the time, there were
few if any true national telecasts until the NFL championship game,
which was carried by NBC. Schenkel was joined by Jim McKay, later Johnny
Lujack through the 1950s and the early 1960s. As Giants players
retired to the broadcast booth in the early and 1960s, first
Pat Summerall, then Frank Gifford took the color analyst slot next
to Schenkel. As the 1970 merger of the NFL and AFL approached, CBS
moved to a more generic announcer approach and Schenkel was off the
Giants regular-season Sunday telecasts moved to Fox when that
network took over NFC telecasts in 1994.
- Sports Hall of
Fame of New Jersey. Inductees are honored in a public ceremony
that takes place during New York Giants games.
of fame was established in 1988 to honor athletes, teams, events
and contributors associated with the state of New Jersey. There is currently no physical site or
structure for the hall, but its members are honored with plaques
that are displayed at Izod
Center (known as the Continental Airlines Arena until
October 2007) in the Meadowlands Sports Complex. The first group of members was inducted in
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