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The New York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established by Horace Greeley in 1841, which was long considered one of the leading newspapers in the United Statesmarker. In 1924 it was merged with the New York Herald to form the New York Herald Tribune, which ceased publication in 1967.

History

The Tribune was created by Greeley with the hopes of providing a straightforward, trustworthy media source in an era when newspapers such as the New York Sun and New York Herald thrived on sensationalism. Although considered the least partisan of the leading newspapers, the Tribune did reflect some of Horace Greeley's idealist views. His journal retained Karl Marx as European correspondent in 1851; although Marx viewed the Tribune as a 'flthy rag' , the arrangement, whereby his collaborator Engels also submitted articles under the by-line, lasted ten years, the final Marx column being published in Feb 1861.[44680]

During Greeley's editorship, the paper was aided by able writers including Charles Anderson Dana, George William Curtis, William Henry Fry, Bayard Taylor, Margaret Fuller, George Ripley, and Henry Jarvis Raymond.

During the American Civil War (1861–1865) the Tribune was a radical Republican newspaper, which supported abolition and subjection of the Confederacy instead of negotiated peace. During the first few months of the war, the Tribune's "on to Richmondmarker" slogan pressured Union general Irvin McDowell into advancing on Richmond before his army was ready, resulting in the disaster of the First Battle of Manassasmarker on July 21, 1861. After the failure of the Peninsular Campaign in the spring of 1862, the Tribune pressured President Abraham Lincoln into installing John Pope as commander of the Army of Virginia.

Following Greeley's defeat for the presidency of the United Statesmarker in 1872, Whitelaw Reid, owner of the New York Herald, assumed control of the Tribune. Greeley checked into Dr. Choate’s Sanitarium where he died a few weeks later. Under Reid's son, Ogden Mills Reid, the paper acquired the New York Herald to form the New York Herald Tribune, which continued to be run by Ogden M. Reid until his death in 1947.

Copies of the New York Tribune are available on microfilm at many large libraries. Indices from selected years in the late nineteenth century are available on the Library of Congressmarker' website. The original paper articles from the newspaper's morgue are kept at The Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austinmarker.

New paper, same name

A "new" New York Tribune debuted in 1983 in New York City. The paper, which later changed its name to The New York City Tribune, was published by News World Communications, Inc., owned by the Unification Church. It was published out of the former Tiffany building at 401 Fifth Avenue until it printed its last edition on January 3, 1991. Its sister paper The Washington Times is circulated primarily in the nation's capital. The Tribune carried an expansive "Commentary" section of opinions and editorials. Among those who wrote columns for it was former New York City Mayor Ed Koch.

Former Tribune buildings today

  • The New York Tribune building was the first home of Pace University. Today, the site where the building once stood is now the One Pace Plaza complex of Pace University's New York City campus. Dr. Choate’s residence and private hospital, where Horace Greeley died, today is part of the campus of Pace University in Pleasantville, New Yorkmarker.


  • On December 15, 1921 The New York Tribune bought two plots of ground at 219 and 220 West 40th Street. The headquarters that The New York Tribune built at that site is now the home of the City College of New York's Graduate School of Journalism.


In Popular Culture

  • The Tribune was referenced in the popular 19th century ballad No Irish Need Apply as the paper of choice of the anti-Irish antagonist in the song.


Footnotes

  1. New York Times. (Late Edition (East Coast)). New York, N.Y.: Jan 5, 1991. pg. 1.24 [1]


References



Further reading




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