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New Zealand – United States relations refers to international relations between New Zealandmarker and the United States of Americamarker. New Zealand is a friend, but not an ally of the United States. Nonetheless, New Zealand has maintained "excellent" relations with the United States on a broad number of international issues. President Obama reiterated this in 2009, saying that New Zealand and the United States had a very strong relationship and he wanted that relationship to be even better.

Both the United States and New Zealand share some common ancestry and history (see British Empire), having both been British colonies. Both countries had native peoples who were dispossessed of their land by the process of colonisation. Both have been part of the Western alliance of nations in various wars. There are numerous other similarities between the two countries.

Country comparison

New Zealand United States
Population 4,315,800 307,721,000
Area 268,680 km2 (103,738 sq mi) 9,826,630 km2 (3,794,066 sq mi)
Population Density 16.1/km2 (41.6/sq mi) 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
Capital Wellingtonmarker Washington, D.C.marker
Largest City Aucklandmarker – 1,313,200 New York Citymarker – 8,363,710 (19,006,798 Metro)
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy Federal presidential constitutional republic
Official languages English, Māori, and New Zealand Sign Language English (de facto)
Main religions 26% Irreligious, 17.2% Undeclared, 14.9% Anglican, 12.4% Roman Catholic, 10.9% Presbyterian, 9.4 % other Christian, 2.9% Methodist, 1.7% Pentecostal, 1.3% Baptist 75% Christianity, 20% non-Religious, 2% Judaism, 1% Buddhism, 1% Islam
Ethnic groups 73% White/European, 13% Māori, 8.1% Asian, 6% Pacific Islander 74% White American, 14.8% Hispanic and Latino Americans (of any race), 13.4% African American, 6.5% Some other race, 4.4% Asian American, 2.0% Two or more races, 0.68% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.14% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
GDP (nominal) US$128.49 billion ($30,049 per capita) US$14.441 trillion ($47,440 per capita)
Military expenditures $1.52 billion $663.7 billion (FY 2010)


History



The United States established consular representation in New Zealand in 1839 to represent and protect American shipping and whaling interests. In 1840, New Zealand became part of the British Empire with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. Although it gradually grew more independent, for its first hundred years, New Zealand followed the United Kingdommarker's lead on foreign policy. In declaring war on Germanymarker on 3 September 1939, Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage proclaimed, "Where she goes, we go; where she stands, we stand".

Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Iwo Jima and beyond

Tanks and Landing equipment in New Zealand for the US Guadalcanal operation
During the war in the Pacific which lasted from 1941 to 1945, the United States, which had more than 400,000 American military personnel stationed in New Zealand to prepare for crucial battles such as Tarawamarker, Guadacanalmarker, Saipan and Iwo Jimamarker exerted an increased influence on culture, and the New Zealand people gained a clearer sense of national identity.

"The Old Breed"
All was not plain sailing however, as experienced by the 1st Marine Division - all because the Wellington dock workers were on strike at the time so the Marines had to do all the load reconfiguration from administrative to combat configuration. After 11 days of unparalleled dockside logistic mayhem, the division, with 16,000 Marines, departed Wellington in eighty-nine ships embarked for the Solomon Islands with 60-day combat load, no tents, spare clothing or bed rolls, no office equipment, unit muster rolls or pay clerks. Other things not yet available to this first wave of Marine deployments were insect repellent and mosquito netting.

After the war, New Zealand joined with Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty in 1951, and later fought alongside the United States in both the Korean and Vietnam War, plus the Gulf War and the current Afghanistan conflict.

ANZUS Treaty

The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS or ANZUS Treaty) is the military alliance which binds Australia and New Zealand and, separately, Australia and the United States to cooperate on defence matters in the Pacific Oceanmarker area, though today the treaty is understood to relate to defence operations. While the ANZUS Treaty was once fully mutual between Australia, New Zealand and the United States, this is no longer the case due to New Zealand's ban of nuclear warships and the US's consequent suspension of treaty obligations to New Zealand.

Australia and New Zealand both provided military units, including special forces and naval ships in support of the US led Operation Enduring Freedom. The ANZUS Treaty's provisions for assistance when a member nation comes under threat were officially invoked for the first time by Australia, to justify the Australian commitment in Afghanistan. (Australia and New Zealand have fought alongside the United States before the treaty signing, including in the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War and elsewhere without needing to invoke the alliance.)

Post ANZUS thawing of military ties with the US

In May 2006, US Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Christopher R. Hill, described the New Zealand anti-nuclear issue as "a relic", and signalled that the US wanted a closer defence relationship with New Zealand. He also praised New Zealand's involvement in Afghanistanmarker and reconstruction in Iraqmarker. "Rather than trying to change each other's minds on the nuclear issue, which is a bit of a relic, I think we should focus on things we can make work"

While there have been signs of the nuclear dispute between the United States and New Zealand thawing out, pressure from the United States increased in 2006 with US trade officials linking the repeal of the ban of American nuclear ships from New Zealand's ports to a potential free trade agreement between the two countries.

On an official visit to New Zealand in July 2008, when questioned on the issue of New Zealand Nuclear-free policy Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice stated that "US and New Zealand have moved on. If there are remaining issues to be addressed then we should address them". She went on to say that: "New Zealand and the United States, Kiwis and Americans, have a long history of partnership. It is one that is grounded in common interests, but it is elevated by common ideals. And it is always defined by the warmth and the respect of two nations, but more importantly, of two peoples who are bound together by countless ties of friendship and family and shared experience."

Conflicts fought alongside the United States

New Zealand has fought in a number of conflicts on the same side as the United States, including World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War and the Afghanistan War; it has also sent a unit of army engineers to help rebuild Iraqi infrastructure for one year during the Iraq War. As of 2009, New Zealand forces are still active in Afghanistan.

The Middle East (1982–present)

New Zealand has assisted the United States and Britainmarker in many of their military activities in the Middle East. However New Zealand forces have fought only in Afghanistan; in other countries New Zealand support has been in the form of support and engineering. During the Iran–Iraq War two New Zealand frigates joined the Royal Navy in monitoring merchant shipping in the Persian Gulfmarker. and in 1991, New Zealand contributed three transport aircraft and a medical team to assist coalition forces in the Gulf War.

New Zealand's heaviest military involvement in the Middle East in recent decades has been in Afghanistan following the United Statesmarker-led invasion of that country after the September 11, 2001 attacks. Fifty Special Air Service of New Zealand (SAS) units were dispatched, and in March 2002 they took part in Operation Anaconda against about 500 to 1000 al-Qaeda and Taliban forces in the Shahi-Kot Valley and Arma Mountains southeast of Zorma, Afghanistan. New Zealand has also supplied two transport aircraft and a 122-strong tri-service Provincial Reconstruction Team, which has been located in Bamyan Province since 2003.

Afghanistan (2001–2005)

Starting in late 2001, the SAS began operations assisting in the War on Terrorism in Afghanistan. Three six-month rotations of between 40 and 65 soldiers from the Special Air Service of New Zealand served in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom before the unit was withdrawn in November 2005.[1] On 17 June 2004, two SAS soldiers were wounded in a predawn gun-battle in central Afghanistan.

Secrecy still surrounds most of the operations in Afghanistan of the Special Air Service of New Zealand, although a Radio New Zealand news piece claimed the service had maintained a mission success rate of 100%.
According to a New Zealand government fact sheet released in July 2007, the SAS soldiers routinely patrolled enemy territory for three weeks or more at a time, often on foot, after being inserted by helicopter.

There were "casualties on both sides" during gun battles, but no New Zealanders were killed.

In December 2004, the United States Navy Presidential Unit Citation was awarded to those units that comprised the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-SOUTH/Task Force K-BAR between 17 October 2001 and 30 March 2002 for "extraordinary heroism" in action. One of these units was the Special Air Service of New Zealand.

The citation said SAS units helped "neutralise" Taliban and al-Qaeda in "extremely high risk missions, including search and rescue, special reconnaissance, sensitive site exploitation, direct action missions, destruction of multiple cave and tunnel complexes, identification and destruction of several known al-Qaeda training camps, explosions of thousands of pounds of enemy ordnance."

"They established benchmark standards of professionalism, tenacity, courage, tactical brilliance and operational excellence while demonstrating superb esprit de corps and maintaining the highest measures of combat readiness."

In August 2009, the John Key government decided that NZSAS forces would be sent back to Afghanistan.

Iraq (2003 to date)

In accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483 New Zealand contributed a small engineering and support force to assist in post-war reconstruction and provision of humanitarian aid. The engineers returned home in October, 2004 and New Zealand is still represented in Iraqmarker by liaison and staff officers working with coalition forces.

Korean War 1950–1953

New Zealand was among those who responded to the United Nations call for help. New Zealand joined 15 other nations including the United Kingdom and the United States in the anti-communist war. But the Korean War was also significant, as it marked New Zealand's first move towards association with the United States in supporting that country's stand against communism.

New Zealand contributed six frigates, several smaller craft and a 1044 strong volunteer force (known as K-FORCE) to the Korean War. The ships were under the command of a British flag officer and formed part of the US Navy screening force during the Battle of Inchonmarker, performing shore raids and inland bombardment. The last New Zealand soldiers did not leave until 1957 and a single liaison officer remained until 1971. A total of 3,794 New Zealandmarker soldiers served in K-FORCE and 1300 in the Navy deployment. 33 were killed in action, 79 wounded and one soldier was taken prisoner. That prisoner was held in North Korea for eighteen months and repatriated after the armistices.

Korea decided:
Members of 161 Battery, Royal New Zealand Artillery, carry out a fire mission.
-38th parallel north

-United States

-Russiamarker

United Nations intervenes:

-aggression

-spread of communism

-Douglas MacArthur

New Zealand involvement:

-Frigates

-K-Force

-Collective Security

-Commonwealth of Nations

Vietnam War

New Zealand's involvement in the Vietnam War was highly controversial, sparking widespread protest at home from anti-Vietnam War movements modelled on their American counterparts. This conflict was also the first in which New Zealand did not fight alongside the United Kingdom, instead following the loyalties of the ANZUS Pact.

New Zealand's initial response was carefully considered and characterised by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake's cautiousness towards the entire Vietnam question. New Zealand non-military economic assistance would continue from 1966 onwards and averaged at US$347,500 annually. This funding went to several mobile health teams to support refugee camps, the training of village vocational experts, to medical and teaching equipment for Hue University, equipment for a technical high school and a contribution toward the construction of a science building at the University of Saigon. Private civilian funding was also donated for 80 Vietnamese students to take scholarships in New Zealand.

The government preferred minimal involvement, with other South East Asian deployments already having a strain on the New Zealand armed forces. From 1961, New Zealand came under pressure from the United States to contribute military and economic assistance to South Vietnam, but refused.
American pressure continued for New Zealand to contribute military assistance, as the United States would be deploying combat units (as opposed to merely advisors) itself soon, as would Australia. Holyoake justified New Zealand's lack of assistance by pointing to its military contribution to the Indonesiamarker-Malaysianmarker Confrontation, but eventually the government decided to contribute. It was seen as in the nation's best interests to do so—failure to contribute even a token force to the effort in Vietnam would have undermined New Zealand's position in ANZUS and could have had an adverse effect on the alliance itself. New Zealand had also established its post-Second World War security agenda around countering communism in South-East Asia and of sustaining a strategy of forward defence, and so needed to be seen to be acting upon these principles. On 27 May 1965 Holyoake, announced the government's decision to send 161 Battery, Royal New Zealand Artillery to South Vietnam in a combat role. The Engineers were replaced by the Battery in July 1965.

In 1966, when Confrontation came to an end and Australia decided to expand the 1st Australian Task Force, New Zealand came under pressure to increase its commitment and did so.

In March 1968 they were integrated—forming the 2RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion, with New Zealand personnel assuming various positions in the battalion, including that of second in command. The rifle companies were deployed on infantry operations in Phuoc Tuy Province and were replaced several times, usually after a 12-month tour of duty. Two more RNZAF pilots joined No. 9 Squadron in 1968 and from December 1968 two forward air controllers served with the Seventh Air Force, United States Air Force.

As American focus shifted to President Richard Nixon's 'Vietnamization'—a policy of slow disengagement from the war, by gradually building up the Army of the Republic of Vietnam so that it could fight the war on its own, New Zealand dispatched the 2nd New Zealand Army Training Team Vietnammarker in January 1971. Numbering 25 men, it assisted the United States Army Training Team in Chi Lang. In February 1972 a second training team, 18 strong (including two Royal New Zealand Navy personnel), was deployed to Vietnam and was based at Dong Ba Thin, near Cam Ranh Bay. It assisted with the training of Cambodianmarker infantry battalions. This team also provided first aid instruction and specialist medical instruction at Dong Ba Thin's 50-bed hospital.

Vietnam War and 'Agent Orange'

Like veterans from many of the other allied nations, as well as Vietnamese civilians, New Zealand veterans of the Vietnam War claimed that they (as well as their children and grandchildren) had suffered serious harm as a result of exposure to Agent Orange – the code name for a powerful herbicide and defoliant used by the U.S. military in its Herbicidal Warfare program during the conflict. In 1984, Agent Orange manufacturers paid New Zealand, Australian and Canadianmarker veterans in an out-of-court settlement , and in 2004 Prime Minister Helen Clark's government apologised to Vietnam War veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange or other toxic defoliants , following a health select committee's inquiry into the use of Agent Orange on New Zealand servicemen and its effects . In 2005, the New Zealand government confirmed that it supplied Agent Orange chemicals to the United States military during the conflict. Since the early 1960s, and up until 1987, it manufactured the 2,4,5T herbicide at a plant in New Plymouthmarker which was then shipped to U.S. military bases in South East Asia

Hurricane Katrina

On August 30 2005 NZST (August 29 UTC-6/-5) Prime Minister Helen Clark sent condolences by phone and in a letter with an offer of help to United States President George W. Bush and Foreign Affairs Minister Phil Goff also sent a message of sympathy to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. This offer included an official pledge by the New Zealand Government to the Red Crossmarker of $2 million for aid and disaster relief.

After the New Zealandmarker government's initial pledge of money, they offered further contributions to the recovery effort including Urban Search and Rescue Teams, a Disaster Victim Identification team and post disaster recovery personnel. Those offers were gratefully received by the United Statesmarker. A senior member of the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, John Titmus went to Denton, Texasmarker to lead an official UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team to assess the damage from Hurricane Katrina. The US Embassy in Wellingtonmarker said it deeply appreciated the $2 million donation and gratefully acknowledged the offer of disaster management personnel.

New Zealand and United States relations today

New Zealand and the United States maintain good working relations on a broad array of issues and share an excellent system of communication. The President of the United States George W. Bush and Prime Minister of New Zealand Helen Clark have been able to improve the two nations relations and work around New Zealand's anti-nuclear policy and focus on working together on more important issues, although the United States is still interested in changing New Zealand's anti-nuclear policy.

After Helen Clark's visit to Washington and talks with President Bush, The New Zealand Herald reported, on March 23, 2007, that the United States "no longer seeks to change" New Zealand's anti-nuclear policy, and that this constituted "a turning point in the US-NZ relationship".



In July 2008, Condoleezza Rice, the United States' Secretary of State, visited New Zealand, which she referred to as "a friend and an ally". The New Zealand Herald reported that the use of the word "ally" was unexpected, as United States officials had avoided it since the ANZUS crisis. Rice stated that the relationship between the two countries was a "deepening" one, "by no means [...] harnessed to or constrained by the past", which prompted the Herald to write of a "thaw in US-NZ relations".

United States - New Zealand Free Trade Agreement

The government of New Zealand had indicated its strong desire to pursue a free trade agreement (FTA) between the United States and New Zealand. Such an agreement would presumably be pursued alongside, or together with, an FTA between the United States and Australia since New Zealand and Australia have had their own FTA for almost twenty years and their economies are by now closely integrated. Fifty House members wrote to President Bush in January 2003 advocating the initiation of negotiations, as did 19 Senators in March 2003. However, Administration officials had enumerated several political and security impediments to a potential FTA, including New Zealand’s longstanding refusal to allow nuclear powered ships into its harbors and its refusal to support the United States in the Iraq war.

New Zealand is very small compared with the United States, so the economic impact of an FTA would be quite modest for the United States and considerably larger for New Zealand. However, US merchandise exports to New Zealand would rise by about 25 percent and virtually every US sector would benefit. The inclusion of Australia would increase the magnitude of these results substantially; US exports would rise by about $3 billion. The adjustment costs for the United States would be minimal: production in the most impacted sector, dairy products, would decline by only 0.5 percent and any adverse effect on jobs would be very small. It would also contribute toward the accomplishment of APEC's goals of achieving “free and open trade and investment in the (Asia Pacific) region by 2010,”

On February 4, 2008, U.S. Trade Representative Susan Schwab announced that the United States will join negotiations 4 Asia-Pacificmarker countries: Bruneimarker, Chilemarker, New Zealandmarker & Singaporemarker to be known as the "P-4". These nations already have an FTA called the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership and the United States will be looking to become involved in the "vitally important emerging Asia-Pacific region" A number of U.S. organizations support the negotiations including, but not limited to: the United States Chamber of Commerce, National Association of Manufacturers, National Foreign Trade Council, Emergency Committee for American Trade and Coalition of Service Industries.

On September 23, 2008, an official announcement was made from Washington, D.C.marker that the United States was to begin negotiations with the P-4 countries ASAP, with the first round of talks scheduled for March 2009 with New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark stating "I think the value to New Zealand of the United States coming into a transpacific agreement as a partner would be of the same value as we would hope to get from a bilateral FTA. . . It's very, very big news." Although the outcome of the FTA could become largely dependent on the results of the 2008 United States Presidential election as it is believed the Democratic Party are less friendly towards free trade than their Republican counterparts, despite this, Helen Clark said "I believe that to Democrats, New Zealand offers very few problems because we are very keen on environment and labour agreements as part of an overall approach to an FTA".

Since the inauguration of Barack Obama, talks about an FTA between the 2 nations have been postponed since Obama is yet to appoint a US Trade Representative as his nominee, Ron Kirk, has not been approved by the Senate. "The government is deeply disappointed" that the United States is postponing trade talks involving New Zealand that were scheduled to get underway at the end of the month, Prime Minister John Key says and that "New Zealand will continue to advocate very strongly for a trade deal."

At the APEC meeting in Singapore in 2009, President Obama announced a free trade deal with New Zealand would go ahead.

Congressional support

The Friends of New Zealand Congressional Caucus Member numbers now stand at 62.

Congressional support is vital for the US free trade agenda. New Zealand already enjoys strong support in the United States Congress - both in the House of Representatives and the Senate:

  • Several letters to the President signed by Congressmen and women from both sides of the House – have recommended negotiations with New Zealand


  • Leading Senators Baucus, Grassley and, most recently, presidential nominee John McCain have also advocated a negotiation with New Zealand


  • Friends of New Zealand Caucus was established in the Congress in February 2005 led by Representatives Kolbe (R-Arizona) and Tauscher (D-California).




Sports

Rugby

New Zealand and the United States have historically had little connection over sports. Sport in New Zealand largely reflects its Britishmarker colonial heritage. Some of the most popular sports in New Zealand, namely rugby, cricket and netball, are primarily played in Commonwealth countries, whereas America is predominantly stronger in Baseball, Basketball and American Football. But in recent years there has been much more cooperation in the area of sports between both countries, particularly in Rugby and Soccer. In January 2008 during the New Zealand Stage of the 2007-08 IRB Sevens World Series the United States national team participated in the finals of the knockout round, beating Kenya to win the shield and New Zealand beating Samoa in the finals to win the Cup.

Soccer

Soccer is still a smaller sport in both New Zealand and the United States and is far less publicised in both nations, but ties to teams in both countries have been growing, particularly when on December 1 2007, Wellington Phoenix played a friendly match against United States MLS club Los Angeles Galaxy. In the contract to secure the friendly, David Beckham will play a minimum of 55 minutes on the pitch. Wellington was beaten by a 1-4 scoreline. David Beckham played the entire match and scored from the penalty spot in the second half. The attendance of 31,853 was a record for any football match in New Zealand. David Beckham played the full 90 minutes with a broken rib which he sustained in a tackle in the previous match.

Basketball

Probably the most well-known former New Zealand Tall Black player in the National Basketball Association is Phoenix Suns forward Sean Marks, who is in his fifth NBA season. Another New Zealand player, former University of Wisconsin–Madisonmarker star Kirk Penney, signed in 2005 with two-time defending Euroleague champions Maccabi Tel Aviv.

Golf

The 2005 U.S. Open Golf Championship was the second major win by a New Zealand golfer and earned winner Michael Campbell much recogniton in his sport for beating out golfing legend Tiger Woods to win the $1.17 million prize in the final round.

Motor Racing

Scott Dixon and wife Emma
The 92nd Indianapolis 500marker-Mile Race was run on Sunday, 25 May 2008 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedwaymarker in Speedway, Indianamarker. It was won by Scott Dixon of New Zealandmarker, the first kiwi ever to do so.

Controversies

  • In 2003, New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark caused controversy by claiming that the Iraq War would not have occurred had the Democratic nominee, Al Gore, won the 2000 US Presidential Election. She later apologised for her remark.




"Here's a good one," she said. "Helen Clark, former prime minister of New Zealand: her opponents have observed that in the event of a nuclear war, the two things that will emerge from the rubble are the cockroaches and Helen Clark."

The Dominion Post reported today that Helen Clark found the anecdote amusing and suggested Mrs Clinton should talk to her husband, former US president Bill Clinton.

"As a current prime minister I spoke with him as a former US president in Londonmarker only two weeks ago."

Shared history

The two countries share much in common – much more, in fact, than the US does with countries in the Americas, Asia or even Europe:

  • Both New Zealand and the United States are former colonies of the British Empire.


  • Apart from their common language and status as fully developed new world economies, both countries soldiers have fought together in the two world wars and New Zealand supported US interests in every regional conflict in the 20th century and lately in the war against terrorism.


  • Their cultures are relatively aligned and they continue to stand together on many of the same issues, such as the need to spread democracy and human rights around the globe, and the advantages of freer trade and the rule of international trade law.


  • During WW2, 400,000 US soldiers were billeted in Auckland and Wellington prior to being sent into action in the likes of Tarawa, Iwo Jima, Leyte Gulf and Guadalcanal. Many of these leathernecks and doughboys remember this experience fondly.


  • New Zealand and the US were also closely related when they worked almost exclusively for the formation of the United Nations.


  • Even though ANZUS is no longer a strong link between the two countries, they worked very closely in SEATO during 1954-77.


UKUSA Community

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd


Prime Minister Stephen Harper


Prime Minister John Key


Prime Minister Gordon Brown


President Barack Obama


  • Both of them are close allies in the WTO and committed to the goal of free trade and investment in the APEC region by 2010.


New Zealand and the UKUSA Community

New Zealand is one of five countries who share intelligence under the UKUSA agreement. New Zealand has two (known) listening posts run by the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) as part of the ECHELON spy network. The partnership gives "a direct line into the inner circles of power in London and Washington," gives New Zealand a distinct partnership with the United States not just on economic policies but domestic security agreements and operations as well, and is a familiar platform for further deals involving both countries.

UKUSA Military Exercises

Map showing the Strategic Alliance Cyber Crime Working Group member countries and lead agencies
The UKUSA community allows member countries to cooperate in multilateral military exercises, more recently focussing on terrorism after 9/11.On March 10 2008 (NZT) New Zealandmarker, Canadamarker, Australia, the United Statesmarker and the United Kingdommarker took part in a massive multinational war game that simulated a terrorist attack on "strategic networks" like power grids, financial centres and telecommunications focusing mainly on cyber-terrorism. The exercise was named Cyber Storm 2 and was co-ordinated by the United States Department of Homeland Securitymarker and the New Zealandmarker Government Communications Security Bureau. It was used to identify policies & issues that affect cyber response & recovery by government agencies.

The exercise encompassed:

  • 8 Government Departments and 3 Government Agencies
  • The States of: Michiganmarker, Montanamarker, New Yorkmarker, Washingtonmarker
  • 9 major IT firms
  • 6 electric utility firms (generation, transmission & grid operations)
  • 2 major air carriers


and focused on IT, Energy, Finance.

After the exercise the NZ 'CCIP' (Centre for Critical Infrastructure Protection) said in a statement.

"The New Zealand component of the exercise was successful in testing information sharing and response coordination across both public and private sectors and national and international cooperation,"

A report on the overall results will be published at some stage ahead of Cyber Storm III scheduled for 2010.

Strategic Alliance Cyber Crime Working Group

The Strategic Alliance Cyber Crime Working Group' is a new initiative by Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and headed by the United States as a "formal partnership between these nations dedicated to tackling larger global crime issues, particularly organized crime". The cooperation consits of "five countries from three continents banding together to fight cyber crime in a synergistic way by sharing intelligence, swapping tools and best practices, and strengthening and even synchronizing their respective laws." This means that there will be increased information sharing between the New Zealand Police and the FBImarker on matters relating to serious fraud or cyber crime.

Bilateral representation

There are many official contacts between New Zealand and the United States, which provide the opportunity for high-level discussions and the continued development of bilateral relations. Many ministers meet with their US counterparts at international meetings and events.

American tours by New Zealand delegates and ministers

New Zealandmarker Ministerial Visits to the United Statesmarker

Dates Minister/Delegate Cities visited Reason
July 2007 Gerry Brownlee and Shane Jones, chairman and deputy chairman of the New Zealand United States Parliamentary Friendship Group Washington D.C.marker Visited Washington for a series of meetings, including calls on their counterparts, co-chairs of the Friends of New Zealand Congressional Caucus, Representatives Ellen Tauscher and Kevin Brady amongst others. They were accompanied by NZUS Council Executive Director Stephen Jacobi who stayed on in Washington to further plan for the upcoming Partnership Forum.
May 2007 Minister of Trade, Defence, and Disarmament and Arms Control, Phil Goff Washington D.C.marker Mr Goff met with senior Administration officials including USTR Susan Schwab; Secretary of Defense Robert Gates; National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley; Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns; Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne; then Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade, Frank Lavin; and Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Chris Hill.
May 2007 Minister of Trade, Defence, and Disarmament and Arms Control, Phil Goff Washington D.C. The Minister delivered an address on the outlook for the Doha Round at a well attended US Chamber/US NZ Council luncheon. The Minister also witnessed the signing of an agreement for New Zealand's third contribution to the G8 Global Partnership for the disposal of Weapons of Mass Destruction.
May 2007 Economic Development Minister, Trevor Mallard Bostonmarker To attend BIO 2007 which was attended by more than 40 New Zealand biotechnology companies
May 2007 Economic Development Minister, Trevor Mallard Bostonmarker and New Yorkmarker To promote New Zealand to US financial and investment contacts and to discuss international economic trends.
19-24 March 2007 The Prime Minister, Helen Clark Washington D.C.marker, Chicagomarker and Seattlemarker Her two-day visit to Washington D.C. included a meeting and lunch at the White House with President George W Bush (as well as other senior Bush Administration officials), and meetings with the Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, the Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates, the US Trade Representative, Susan Schwab, and the Director of National Intelligence, Admiral Mike McConnell. She also made calls on the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, and Senator Barbara Boxer, Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs.
January 2007 Prime Minister and Sir Edmund Hillary Antarcticamarker To celebrate 50 years of Antarctica cooperation between New Zealand and the United States.
Early January 2007 Hon Chris Carter, Minister of Conservation Washington D.C.marker Represented New Zealand at the funeral of former President Gerald Ford
October 2006 Minister of Civil Defence and Emergency Management, Hon Rick Barker Bostonmarker and Washington D.C.marker Official Visit
July 2006 Minister of Foreign Affairs Rt Hon Winston Peters Washington DCmarker Official visit
April 2006 Minister of Defence and Minister of Trade, Hon Phil Goff, and Minister of Immigration Hon David Cunliffe Washington DCmarker Official visit
January and March 2006 Minister Phil Goff and Economic Development Minister Mallard Californiamarker Official visit
May 2005 Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister Goff, Customs Minister Barker and Economic Development and Forestry Minister Anderton Various Separate official visits
April 2005 Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon Margaret Wilson Washington DCmarker and Philadelphiamarker Led a parliamentary delegation to the USmarker
April 2005 Associate Minister of Finance, Hon Trevor Mallard Washington DCmarker IMFmarker/World Bank Spring Meetings
September 2004 Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Michael Cullen Washington DCmarker Official Visit
Other Ministerial visits in 2004 Minister of Health, Hon Annette King; Minister for Trade Negotiations, Hon Jim Sutton; Minister of Energy, Hon Pete Hodgson; and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Hon Phil Goff. Various Separate Official Visits
Visits in 2003 Minister of Police, George Warren Hawkins; Associate Minister of Agriculture, Damien O'Connor; Minister of State, David Cunliffe; The Minister of Education and Associate Minister of Finance, Trevor Mallard; Minister for Research, Science and Technology, Pete Hodgson and The Minister of Health, Annette King. Various Various
Visits in 2002 Prime Minister, Helen Clark Various Made two official visits to the United Statesmarker in 2002
2002 Other Ministerial visits included Deputy Prime Minister Dr Michael Cullen, Minister for Foreign Affairs Phil Goff and Minister for Trade Negotiations Jim Sutton. Various Official Visits


New Zealand tours by United States delegates

United Statesmarker delegations to New Zealandmarker

Dates Minister/Delegate Cities visited Reason
July 2008 Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice Government Housemarker, Aucklandmarker Official Visit to meet with Minister of Foreign Affairs Winston Peters and Prime Minister Helen Clark. Held a joint press conference with the Prime Minister.
August 2006 Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific Affairs Glyn Davies Wellingtonmarker Official Visit
May 2006 Washington State Governor Christine Gregoire Aucklandmarker Official Visit
April 2006 Secretary of Veterans Affairs Jim Nicholson Aucklandmarker Official Visit
March 2006 Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Christopher R. Hill Wellingtonmarker Official Visit
January 2006 General John Abizaid, Commander US Central Command & William J. Fallon, Commander, US Pacific Command Various Official Visit
January 2006 Senators John McCain (R-Arizonamarker), Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Susan Collins (R-Mainemarker), and John E. Sununu (R-New Hampshiremarker) Various Official Visit
January 2006 Congressman Sherwood Boehlert (R-New Yorkmarker) Various Led a House Science Committee delegation –The delegation included: Lincoln Davis (D-Tennesseemarker), Bob Inglis (R-North Carolinamarker), Brad Miller (D-North Carolinamarker), Ben Chandler (D-Kentuckymarker), R (Bud) Cramer (D-Alabamamarker), Phil Gingery (R-Georgiamarker), Darlene Hooley (D-Oregonmarker), Jim Costa (D-Californiamarker), and Roscoe Bartlett (R-Marylandmarker)
September 2005 Secretary of Agriculture Mike Johanns Various Official Visit
2005 Congressman Jim Kolbe (Republican, Arizonamarker) Various Is the co-Chair of the Friends of New Zealand Caucus in the United States House of Representatives
December 2004 US Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowamarker) and Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohiomarker) Wellingtonmarker High-level visits to attend Parliamentarians for Global Action Conference
November 2004 US Senator Max Baucus (D-Montanamarker) Various Led a business delegation from Montanamarker
November 2004 Delegation of Californian State Senators Various Official Visit
August 2004 US Senator Richard Shelby (R-Alabamamarker) and Congressman Robert E. Cramer (D-Alabamamarker) Various Official Visit
March 2004 Governor of Iowa, Thomas Vilsack Various Led a biotechnology trade delegation from his state to New Zealand.
January 2004 Led by Senator Don Nickles (R-Oklahomamarker) Various A Congressional Delegation of six Republican Senators
Visits in 2003 Under-Secretary for Regulatory Programs, Bill Hawks, Under-Secretary for Commerce Grant Aldonas and Under-Secretary of State for International Security and Arms Control, John R. Bolton. Aucklandmarker US delegation also visited Aucklandmarker for the 34th Pacific Islands Forum, where the US was a dialogue partner.


New Zealand United States Council



Founded in 2001, the New Zealand United States Council is committed to fostering and developing a strong and mutually beneficial relationship between New Zealand and the United States. The Council is an advocate for the expansion of trade and economic links between the two countries including a possible free trade agreement.

The Council works closely with its counterpart in Washington, D.C.marker, the US NZ Council, with business groups in New Zealand and with government agencies, especially the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the New Zealand Embassy in Washington.

The council has been working tirelessly towards an improvement in NZ-US relations with New Zealand MPs (Ministers of Parliament) and their American counterparts in Congress. Such things as verbal and face-to-face discussions about political and domestic issues involving either countries. Their work has not been in vain: United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has begun regular communication with New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Winston Peters about issues such as nuclear tests in North Koreamarker, and other issues of politics, trade and business affairs of both New Zealand and the United States.

See also



References

  1. New Zealand (05/08)
  2. Telephone conversation between Obama and Key
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nz.html
  4. http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/pdf/budget/defense.pdf
  5. p.57, Lane
  6. p.60, Lane
  7. US offers closer defence links with New Zealand
  8. NZ 'ally' and close friend of US - Rice - 26 Jul 2008 - NZ Herald: New Zealand National news
  9. Remarks to New Zealand - U.S. Council
  10. New Zealand in the Korean War | NZHistory
  11. The Commonwealth Division - NZ in the Korean War | NZHistory
  12. The Anti-Vietnam War movement - NZ and the Vietnam War | NZHistory
  13. The impact of ANZUS - NZ and the Vietnam War | NZHistory
  14. New Zealand's response - NZ and the Vietnam War | NZHistory
  15. The ANZAC Battalion - NZ and the Vietnam War | NZHistory
  16. VietnamWar.com:Vietnam War - President Richard Nixon's Role in the Vietnam War
  17. Scoop: Further NZ assistance in wake of Hurricane Katrina
  18. Beehive - New Zealand sends condolences to United States
  19. "Bush says US can live with nuclear ban", New Zealand Herald, March 23, 2007
  20. "Rice hints at thaw in US-NZ relations", New Zealand Herald, July 26, 2008
  21. "Condoleezza Rice's speech in Auckland", text of the speech, published by the New Zealand Herald, July 27, 2008
  22. North America - Case for FTA between NZ/USA - NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
  23. Why the United States Should Negotiate a Trade Agreement with New Zealand
  24. http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/42443.pdf
  25. http://www.ustr.gov/assets/Document_Library/Press_Releases/2008/February/asset_upload_file806_14451.pdf
  26. Recent Events
  27. Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement between Brunei Darussalam, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore - P4
  28. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/politics/news/article.cfm?c_id=280&objectid=10533623&pnum=0
  29. http://www.stuff.co.nz/4701726a6160.html
  30. http://tvnz.co.nz/business-news/us-postpones-free-trade-talks-2524837
  31. Caucus Membership
  32. Campbell stands on top of golfing world - 20 Jun 2005 - NZ Herald: New Zealand and International Sports News
  33. TV3 > Video - Browse All > Sunrise Video > Motorsport: Dixon first Kiwi to win Indy 500
  34. [1]
  35. Row erupts over NZ's place in US spy network - 31 Jan 2006 - Foreign policy news - NZ Herald
  36. FBI Cyber Working Group - Press Room - Headline Archives 03-18-08
  37. TV3 > News > Science/Technology News > Story > NZ taking part in cyber terrorist exorcise
  38. http://cryptome.org/cyberstorm.pdf
  39. Geeks get personal in standards stoush - 22 Mar 2008 - Griffin's Tech Blog - NZ Herald Blog
  40. Homepage - Welcome - NZ US Council
  41. Speeches and Articles - New Zealand and the United States - still crazy after all these years? - NZ US Council


External links




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