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The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association (ALA). The award is given to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children. The award has been given since 1922. It was the first children's literary award in the world. It is named for John Newbery, an 18th century English publisher of juvenile books. The Newbery Medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and created by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921.It depicts on the obverse an author giving his work (a book) to a boy and a girl to read.Together with the Caldecott Medal, the Newbery is considered one of the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United Statesmarker. When the winner is announced each January, bookstores sell out, libraries order copies and teachers add the book to their lesson plans. Many bookstores and libraries have Newbery sections; popular television shows interview the winners; textbooks includes lists of Newbery winners, and many master's and doctoral theses are written about them.

In addition to the Newbery medal the committee awards additional citations referred to as the Newbery Honor to worthy runners-up. Though the Newbery Honor was initiated in 1971, specially cited runners-up for the Newbery Medal from previous years were retroactively named Newbery Honor books.

Only five authors have won multiple Newbery Medals: E.L. Konigsburg, Joseph Krumgold, Lois Lowry, Katherine Paterson, and Elizabeth George Speare have each been awarded two Newbery Medals. The author with the most Newbery Honors but without a Newbery Medal is Laura Ingalls Wilder; she received 5 Newbery Honors.

Criteria for award

  • The book must be published in English in the United States the previous year.
  • The author must be a citizen or resident of the United States.
  • The book must be considered for its theme, presentation (clarity, accuracy and organization), plot, characters, setting, and style.
  • The book must relate to a child audience.
  • The book must contribute to literature.
  • The book must stand alone and not as a part of a multimedia presentation.


In October 2008, Anita Silvey, a children's literary expert, published an article in the School Library Journal criticizing the committee for choosing books that are too difficult for children. Lucy Calkins, the Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University's Teachers College agreed with Silvey: "I can't help but believe that thousands, even millions, more children would grow up reading if the Newbery committee aimed to spotlight books that are deep and beautiful and irresistible to kids." John Beach, associate professor of literacy education at St. John's University in New Yorkmarker, compared the books that adults choose for children with the books that children choose for themselves and found that in the past 30 years, there is only 5 percent overlap between the Children's Choice Awards (International Reading Association) and the Notable Children's Books list (American Library Association).

Newbery recipients

Year Author Book Citation
1922 Winner
1922 Honor
1922 Cedric the Forester Honor
1922 Honor
1922 Honor
1922 Honor
1923 Winner
1924 Winner
1925 Tales from Silver Lands Winner
1925 Nicholas: A Manhattan Christmas Story Honor
1925 Honor
1926 Shen of the Sea Winner
1926 Honor
1927 Smoky the Cow Horse Winner
1928 Gay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon Winner
1928 Honor
1928 Downright Dencey Honor
1929 Winner
1929 Pigtail of Ah Lee Ben Loo Honor
1929 Millions of Cats Honor
1929 Honor
1929 Clearing Weather Honor
1929 Runaway Papoose Honor
1929 Tod of the Fens Honor
1930 Hitty, Her First Hundred Years Winner
1930 Honor
1930 Pran of Albania Honor
1930 Jumping-Off Place Honor
1930 Honor
1930 Vaino, A Boy of New Finland Honor
1930 Little Blacknose: The Story of a Pioneer Honor
1931 Winner
1931 Floating Island Honor
1931 Honor
1931 Queer Person Honor
1931 Mountains are Free Honor
1931 Spice and the Devil's Cave Honor
1931 Meggy MacIntosh Honor
1931 Garram the Hunter: A Boy of the Hill Tribes Honor
1931 Ood-Le-Uk the Wanderer Honor
1932 Waterless Mountain Winner
1932 The Fairy Circus Honor
1932 Calico Bush Honor
1932 Boy of the South Seas Honor
1932 Out of the Flame Honor
1932 Jane's Island Honor
1932 Truce of the Wolf and Other Tales of Old Italy Honor
1933 Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze Winner
1933 Swift Rivers Honor
1933 Honor
1933 Children of the Soil: A Story of Scandinavia Honor
1934 Invincible Louisa Winner
1934 Honor
1934 Swords of Steel Honor
1934 ABC Bunny Honor
1934 Winged Girl of Knossos Honor
1934 New Land Honor
1934 Big Tree of Bunlahy: Stories of My Own Countryside Honor
1934 Glory of the Seas Honor
1934 Apprentice of Florence Honor
1935 Dobry Winner
1935 Pageant of Chinese History Honor
1935 Davy Crockett Honor
1935 Day On Skates: The Story of a Dutch Picnic Honor
1936 Caddie Woodlawn Winner
1936 Honk, the Moose Honor
1936 Honor
1936 Young Walter Scott Honor
1936 All Sail Set: A Romance of the Flying Cloud Honor
1937 Roller Skates Winner
1937 Phoebe Fairchild: Her Book Honor
1937 Whistler's Van Honor
1937 Honor
1937 Winterbound Honor
1937 Honor
1937 Honor
1938 Winner
1938 Pecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All Time Honor
1938 Bright Island Honor
1938 On the Banks of Plum Creek Honor
1939 Thimble Summer Winner
1939 Nino Honor
1939 Mr. Popper's Penguins Honor
1939 Hello the Boat! Honor
1939 Leader By Destiny: George Washington, Man and Patriot Honor
1939 Penn Honor
1940 Daniel Boone Winner
1940 Honor
1940 Runner of the Mountain Tops: The Life of Louis Agassiz Honor
1940 By the Shores of Silver Lake Honor
1940 Boy with a Pack Honor
1941 Call It Courage Winner
1941 Blue Willow Honor
1941 Young Mac of Fort Vancouver Honor
1941 Honor
1941 Nansen Honor
1942 Winner
1942 Little Town on the Prairie Honor
1942 George Washington's World Honor
1942 Indian Captive: The Story of Mary Jemison Honor
1942 Down Ryton Water Honor
1943 Adam of the Road Winner
1943 Honor
1943 Have You Seen Tom Thumb? Honor
1944 Johnny Tremain Winner
1944 These Happy Golden Years Honor
1944 Fog Magic Honor
1944 Rufus M. Honor
1944 Mountain Born Honor
1945 Rabbit Hill Winner
1945 Honor
1945 Honor
1945 Abraham Lincoln's World Honor
1945 Lone Journey: The Life of Roger Williams Honor
1946 Strawberry Girl Winner
1946 Justin Morgan Had a Horse Honor
1946 Honor
1946 Bhimsa, the Dancing Bear Honor
1946 New Found World Honor
1947 Miss Hickory Winner
1947 Wonderful Year Honor
1947 Big Tree Honor
1947 Honor
1947 Honor
1947 Honor
1948 Winner
1948 Pancakes-Paris Honor
1948 Li Lun, Lad of Courage Honor
1948 Honor
1948 Honor
1948 Misty of Chincoteague Honor
1949 King of the Wind Winner
1949 Seabird Honor
1949 Daughter of the Mountain Honor
1949 My Father's Dragon Honor
1949 Story of the Negro Honor
1950 Winner
1950 Tree of Freedom Honor
1950 Honor
1950 Kildee House Honor
1950 George Washington Honor
1950 Song of The Pines: A Story of Norwegian Lumbering in Wisconsin Honor
1951 Amos Fortune, Free Man Winner
1951 Better Known as Johnny Appleseed Honor
1951 Gandhi, Fighter Without a Sword Honor
1951 Abraham Lincoln, Friend of the People Honor
1951 Honor
1952 Ginger Pye Winner
1952 Americans Before Columbus Honor
1952 Minn of the Mississippi Honor
1952 Honor
1952 Honor
1952 Honor
1953 Secret of the Andes Winner
1953 Charlotte's Web Honor
1953 Moccasin Trail Honor
1953 Red Sails to Capri Honor
1953 Honor
1953 'Birthdays of Freedom, Vol. 1 Honor
1954 Winner
1954 All Alone Honor
1954 Shadrach Honor
1954 Hurry Home, Candy Honor
1954 Theodore Roosevelt, Fighting Patriot Honor
1954 Magic Maize Honor
1955 Winner
1955 Honor
1955 Banner in the Sky Honor
1956 Carry On, Mr. Bowditch Winner
1956 Honor
1956 Honor
1956 Men, Microscopes, and Living Things Honor
1957 Miracles on Maple Hill Winner
1957 Old Yeller Honor
1957 Honor
1957 Mr. Justice Holmes Honor
1957 Honor
1957 Black Fox of Lorne Honor
1958 Rifles for Watie Winner
1958 Honor
1958 Gone-Away Lake Honor
1958 Honor
1958 Tom Paine, Freedom's Apostle Honor
1959 Winner
1959 Honor
1959 Along Came A Dog Honor
1959 Chucaro: Wild Pony of the Pampa Honor
1959 Honor
1960 Onion John Winner
1960 My Side of the Mountain Honor
1960 America Is Born: A History for Peter Honor
1960 Honor
1961 Island of the Blue Dolphins Winner
1961 America Moves Forward: A History for Peter Honor
1961 Old Ramon Honor
1961 Honor
1962 Winner
1962 Frontier Living Honor
1962 Honor
1962 Belling The Tiger Honor
1963 Winner
1963 Thistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from Scotland Honor
1963 Men of Athens Honor
1964 It's Like This, Cat Winner
1964 Rascal Honor
1964 Honor
1965 Shadow of a Bull Winner
1965 Across Five Aprils Honor
1966 I, Juan de Pareja Winner
1966 Honor
1966 Honor
1966 Honor
1967 Up a Road Slowly Winner
1967 Honor
1967 Zlateh The Goat and Other Stories Honor
1967 Honor
1968 From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler Winner
1968 Jennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, Elizabeth Honor
1968 Honor
1968 Honor
1968 Honor
1969 Winner
1969 To Be a Slave Honor
1969 When Shlemiel Went to Warsaw and Other Stories Honor
1970 Sounder Winner
1970 Our Eddie Honor
1970 Honor
1970 Journey Outside Honor
1971 Summer of the Swans Winner
1971 Knee-Knock Rise Honor
1971 Enchantress From the Stars Honor
1971 Sing Down the Moon Honor
1972 Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH Winner
1972 Incident At Hawk's Hill Honor
1972 The Planet of Junior Brown Honor
1972 Honor
1972 Annie and the Old One Honor
1972 Honor
1973 Julie of the Wolves Winner
1973 Frog and Toad Together Honor
1973 Honor
1973 Honor
1974 Winner
1974 Honor
1975 M. C. Higgins, the Great Winner
1975 Figgs & Phantoms Honor
1975 My Brother Sam Is Dead Honor
1975 Honor
1975 Philip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon Maybe Honor
1976 Winner
1976 Honor
1976 Dragonwings Honor
1977 Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Winner
1977 Abel's Island Honor
1977 Honor
1978 Bridge to Terabithia Winner
1978 Ramona and Her Father Honor
1978 'Anpao: An American Indian Odyssey Honor
1979 Winner
1979 Honor
1980 Winner
1980 Honor
1981 Jacob Have I Loved Winner
1981 Honor
1981 Honor
1982 Winner
1982 Ramona Quimby, Age 8 Honor
1982 Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939-1944 Honor
1982 Honor
1983 Dicey's Song Winner
1983 Doctor De Soto Honor
1983 Graven Images Honor
1983 Homesick: My Own Story Honor
1983 Sweet Whispers, Brother Rush Honor
1984 Dear Mr. Henshaw Winner
1984 Honor
1984 Honor
1984 Sugaring Time Honor
1984 Honor
1985 Winner
1985 Like Jake and Me Honor
1985 Honor
1985 One-Eyed Cat Honor
1986 Sarah, Plain and Tall Winner
1986 Commodore Perry In the Land of the Shogun Honor
1986 Dogsong Honor
1987 Winner
1987 Honor
1987 On My Honor Honor
1987 Volcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. Helens Honor
1988 Lincoln: A Photobiography Winner
1988 After the Rain Honor
1988 Hatchet Honor
1989 Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices Winner
1989 In The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the World Honor
1989 Scorpions Honor
1990 Number the Stars Winner
1990 Afternoon of the Elves Honor
1990 Shabanu, Daughter of the Wind Honor
1990 Honor
1991 Maniac Magee Winner
1991 Avi Honor
1992 Shiloh Winner
1992 Avi Nothing But The Truth: a Documentary Novel Honor
1992 Honor
1993 Missing May Winner
1993 What Hearts Honor
1993 Honor
1993 Somewhere in the Darkness Honor
1994 Winner
1994 Crazy Lady Honor
1994 Dragon's Gate Honor
1994 Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery Honor
1995 Walk Two Moons Winner
1995 Catherine, Called Birdy Honor
1995 Honor
1996 Winner
1996 What Jamie Saw Honor
1996 Honor
1996 Yolonda's Genius Honor
1996 Honor
1997 Winner
1997 Honor
1997 Honor
1997 Honor
1997 Belle Prater's Boy Honor
1998 Out of the Dust Winner
1998 Ella Enchanted Honor
1998 Lily's Crossing Honor
1998 Wringer Honor
1999 Holes Winner
1999 Honor
2000 Bud, Not Buddy Winner
2000 Getting Near to Baby Honor
2000 Our Only May Amelia Honor
2000 26 Fairmount Avenue Honor
2001 Winner
2001 Hope Was Here Honor
2001 Because of Winn-Dixie Honor
2001 Joey Pigza Loses Control Honor
2001 Honor
2002 Winner
2002 Everything on a Waffle Honor
2002 Carver: A Life In Poems Honor
2003 Crispin: The Cross of Lead Winner
2003 Honor
2003 Pictures of Hollis Woods Honor
2003 Hoot Honor
2003 Honor
2003 Surviving the Applewhites Honor
2004 Winner
2004 Olive's Ocean Honor
2004 Honor
2005 Kira-Kira Winner
2005 Al Capone Does My Shirts Honor
2005 Honor
2005 Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster Boy Honor
2006 Criss Cross Winner
2006 Whittington Honor
2006 Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow Honor
2006 Princess Academy Honor
2006 Show Way Honor
2007 Winner
2007 Penny from Heaven Honor
2007 Hattie Big Sky Honor
2007 Rules Honor
2008 Good Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval Village Winner
2008 Elijah of Buxton Honor
2008 Honor
2008 Honor
2009 Winner
2009 Honor
2009 Honor
2009 Honor
2009 After Tupac & D Foster Honor

See also


External links

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