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The Newlyn School is a term used to describe a colony of artists based in or near to Newlynmarker, a fishing village adjacent to Penzance, Cornwallmarker, from the 1880s until the early 20th century. The establishment of the Newlyn School was reminiscent of the Barbizon School in France, where artists fled Paris to paint in a more pure setting emphasizing natural light. These schools along with a related California movement were also known as En plein air.

Newlyn had a number of things guaranteed to attract artists: fantastic light, cheap living, and the availability of inexpensive models. The artists were fascinated by the fishermen's working life at sea and the everyday life in the harbour and nearby villages. Some paintings showed the hazards and tragedy of the community's life, for example, women anxiously looking out to sea as the boats go out, or a young woman crying as news of a disaster is heard. Lamorna Birch was the prime mover behind the colony and the work done there. The later 'School of Painting', founded by Stanhope Forbes and his wife Elizabeth in 1899, promoted the study of figure painting.

Newlyn School painters include:

For a full list see: George Bednar. Every Corner was a Picture: A checklist compiled for the West Cornwall Art Archive of 50 artists from the early Newlyn School painters through to the present. ISBN 1872229360

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