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Newmarket is a town in Rockingham Countymarker, New Hampshiremarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 8,027 at the 2000 census. Some residents are students and employees at the nearby University of New Hampshiremarker in Durhammarker.

The primary settlement in town, where over 63% of the population resides, is defined as the Newmarket census-designated place, or CDP, and is located at the junction of New Hampshire Routes 108 and 152, adjacent to the Lamprey Rivermarker.

History

Incorporated in 1727, Newmarket is one of six towns granted by Massachusettsmarker in the last year of the reign of King George I. It started as a parish of Exetermarker, and was granted full town privileges by the legislature in 1737. It was probably named for Newmarketmarker in Suffolk, Englandmarker. The Lamprey Rivermarker, running through the town, was named for John Lamprey, whose name was Saxon for "a woodland enclosure where peace is to be found." For a while, the town was called Lampreyville. Newmarket was a center of the New Englandmarker shipping trade with the West Indiesmarker.

Beginning with the first cotton textile mill in 1823, the Newmarket Manufacturing Company would dominate the mill town's waterfront and economy with seven textile mills harnessing water power at the falls. It built numerous support structures as well, including multi-family housing for workers. It also built dams upriver to create Pawtuckaway Pondmarker in Nottinghammarker and Mendums Pondmarker in Barringtonmarker -- during drought, the company could release a regulated flow of water from the dams into the Lamprey to run the works. The company closed in 1929. Its buildings are today listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and adapted for modern commercial and residential uses. In the 1970s, the mill served as the headquarters of the Timberland Company during the years when it transformed itself from a small work-boot manufacturer to a leading "urban" fashion brand. (The corporate headquarters are now located in nearby Strathammarker.)

Once a part of Newmarket, Newfieldsmarker incorporated as a separate town in 1849.

Antique postcards

Image:Street View, Newmarket, NH.jpg|Street view c. 1910Image:St. Mary's School & Church, Newmarket, NH.jpg|St. Mary's School c. 1912, now Newmarket Town HallImage:Hotel Willey, Newmarket, NH.jpg|Hotel Willey in 1913

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of , of which is land and is water, comprising 11.43% of the town. Situated beside Great Baymarker, Newmarket is drained by the Lamprey Rivermarker. The town's highest point is the summit of Bald Hill, at above sea level, near the town's southwest corner. Great Hill, with an elevation of , rises just south of the town center.

The primary settlement, or census-designated place (CDP), within Newmarket has a total area of , of which is land and (4.43%) is water.

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 108 and New Hampshire Route 152.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,027 people, 3,379 households, and 1,949 families residing in the town. The population density was 639.5 people per square mile (247.0/km²). There were 3,457 housing units at an average density of 106.4 persons/km² (275.4 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 94.16% White, 0.64% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 1.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,379 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 42.3% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 37.2% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,058, and the median income for a family was $53,750. Males had a median income of $38,089 versus $26,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,085. 8.3% of the population and 5.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 11.1% are under the age of 18 and 5.5% are 65 or older.

Town center

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,124 people, 2,297 households, and 1,134 families residing in the central settlement, or census-designated place (CDP). The population density was 2,645.1 people per square mile (1,019.8/km²). There were 2,359 housing units at an average density of 469.5 persons/km² (1,217.8 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 93.89% White, 0.84% African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.75% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 1.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,297 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 50.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the settlement the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household is $40,561, and the median income for a family was $47,553. Males had a median income of $33,977 versus $24,506 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,841. 10.2% of the population and 6.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.4% are under the age of 18 and 5.5% are 65 or older.

Notable inhabitants



Sites of interest



References

  1. New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  2. History of the Lamprey River Mills
  3. History of the Lamprey River Mills


Further reading



External links




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