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Newport Beach, incorporated in 1906, is a city in Orange County, Californiamarker, United States south of downtown Santa Anamarker. As of January 1, 2009, the population was 86,252. The current OMB metropolitan designation for Newport Beach lies within the Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine area. The city is currently one of the wealthiest communities in California and consistently places high in United States rankings.

History



In 1870 a steamer named "The Vaquero" made its first trip to a marshy lagoon for trading. Ranch owners in the Lower Bay decided from then on that the area should be called "Newport."

In 1905 city development increased when Pacific Electric Railroad established a southern terminus in Newport connecting the beach with downtown Los Angelesmarker. In 1906 with a population of 206 citizens, the scattered settlements were incorporated as the City of Newport Beach.

Settlements filled in on the Peninsula, West Newport, Balboa Island and Lido Islemarker. In 1923 Corona del Mar was annexed and in 2002 Newport Coastmarker was annexed.

Annexations



Geography

Newport Beach extends in elevation from sea level to the 1161 ft (354 m.) summit of Signal Peak in the San Joaquin Hillsmarker, but the official elevation is 25 feet (8 m) above sea level at a location of (33.616671, -117.897604) .

The city is bordered to the west by Huntington Beachmarker at the Santa Ana River, on the north side by Costa Mesamarker, John Wayne Airportmarker, and Irvinemarker (including UC Irvinemarker), and on the east side by Crystal Cove State Parkmarker.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 103.2 km² (39.8 mi²). 38.3 km² (14.8 mi²) of it is land and 64.9 km² (25.1 mi²) of it (62.91%) is water.

Areas of Newport Beach include Corona del Mar, Balboa Island, Newport Coastmarker, San Joaquin Hillsmarker, and Balboa Peninsulamarker (also known as Balboamarker).

Harbor

The Upper Newport Baymarker was carved out by the prehistoric flow of the Santa Ana River. It feeds the delta that is the Back Baymarker, and eventually joins Lower Newport Bay, commonly referred to as Newport Harbor. The Lower Bay includes Balboa Island, Bay Island, Harbor Island, Lido Islemarker and Linda Isle.

Climate

Newport Beach has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb). Like many coastal cities in Orange and Los Angeles Counties, Newport Beach exhibits weak temperature variation, both diurnally and seasonally, compared to inland cities even a few miles from the ocean. The Pacific Ocean greatly moderates Newport Beach's climate by warming winter temperatures and cooling summer temperatures.

Demographics



As of the census of 2000, there were 70,032 people, 33,071 households, and 16,965 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,829.5/km² (4,738.8/mi²). There were 37,288 housing units at an average density of 974.1/km² (2,523.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.22% White, 0.53% African American, 0.26% Native American, 4.00% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.71% of the population.

There were 33,071 households out of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.7% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the city the population was spread out with 15.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

According to a 2008 US Census estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $110,511, while the median family income was $162,976. Males had a median income of $73,425 versus $45,409 for females. The per capita income for the city was $63,015. About 2.1% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

Housing prices in Newport Beach ranked eighth highest in the United States in a 2009 survey.

Politics

As of October 2008, there were 35,870 registered Republicans and 13,850 registered Democrats.

In the state legislature Newport Beach is located in the 35th Senate District, represented by Republican Tom Harman, and in the 68th and 70th Assembly District, represented by Republicans Van Tran and Chuck DeVore respectively. Federally, Newport Beach is located in California's 48th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +8 and is represented by Republican John Campbell.

Economy

North Newport Beach from the air
Before its dissolution Air California was headquartered in Newport Beach.

The city is also the home of the Pacific Investment Management Company, which runs the world's largest bond fund.

Several semiconductor companies, including Jazz Semiconductor, have their operations in Newport Beach.

Education

Balboa beach one of the popular beaches of Newport.




Sister cities



Points of interest





Attractions

Attractions include beaches on the Balboa Peninsulamarker (featuring body-boarding hot-spot The Wedge), Corona del Mar State Beach and Crystal Cove State Parkmarker, to the south.

The Catalina Flyer, a giant 500 passenger catamaran, provides daily transportation from the Balboa Peninsulamarker in Newport Beach to Avalon, Californiamarker located on Santa Catalina Islandmarker. The historic Balboa Pavilionmarker, established in 1906, is Newport Beach's most famous landmark.

The Orange County Museum of Artmarker is a museum that exhibits modern and contemporary art, with emphasis on the work of California artists. .

Balboa Island is an artificial island in Newport Harbor that was dredged and filled right before World War I. The Balboa Fun Zone is home to the Newport Harbor Nautical Museum.

The Pelican Hill area has two golf courses, both of which were recently reopened after extensive remodeling and the construction of a new hotel and clubhouse.

Popular culture

The city has figured into several television shows and movies.



Notable natives and/or residents

Balboa Street


References

  1. Yorba Linda is richest U.S. city
  2. City of Newport Beach, CA - West Santa Ana Heights Annexation
  3. NOAA Online Nautical Chart Viewer 18754 -- Newport Bay
  4. Three O.C. cities rank near top in U.S. income - OC Business News
  5. politicalsub.xls in PDF
  6. " Newport Beach city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  7. Newport Beach Sister City
  8. Newport Harbor Nautical Museum
  9. Pelican Hill
  10. Forbes 400 bio
  11. Philadelphia Flyers - Fan Zone: Lupul Road Trip Blog
  12. Age of Secrets: The Conspiracy that Toppled Richard Nixon and the Hidden Death of Howard Hughes written by Gerald Bellett, 1995, Voyageur North America, ISBN 0-921842-42-2
  13. Seeing Stars: Where the Stars Live web site Note: this information is dated; Rodman has not lived in Newport Beach for several . For more on this, see Gottlieb, Jeff. Rodman's Newport Party Pad Closes Up, Los Angeles Times June 11, 2004. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
  14. Frank J. Rumbauskas Jr. - Official Site - About Frank


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