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Nikolai Polikarpov.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov ( ) (July 8 1892 - July 30 1944) was a Soviet aircraft designer, known as "King of Fighters". He designed the I-15 series of fighters, and the I-16 Ishak ( phonetically close to its designation) "Little Donkey" fighter.

In 1928, under provisions of the Five Year Plan for experimental aircraft design, N.N.Polikarpov was assigned to develop the I-6 (primarily wooden) fighter for delivery by mid 1930. The plan was unrealistic and failed. As such, in October 1929, N.N.Polikarpov and around 450 aircraft designers and engineers were arrested. Polikarpov was sentenced to death.In December, after two months of expectation for execution he was transferred to Special Design Bureau of OGPU set at Butyrka prisonmarker and the sentence changed to 10 years of forced labor. Polikarpov and the others were moved to Plant 39 (TsKB-39) to complete the I-5 project. Fortunately, after a successful demonstration, the sentence was changed to a conditional one, and in July 1931 he was granted amnesty together with a group of other convicts.

Polikarpov was a recipient of numerous awards, including the State Stalin Prize (1941, 1943) and Hero of Socialist Labor (1940).

He died on July 30 1944 from Gallbladder cancer.

Polikarpov Peak in Pamirmarker was named after him.

See also


  • Russian "Holidays" site [113316]
  • Article of Polikarpov at Russian Ministry of Defence site [113317]

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