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Nine Elms is a district of Londonmarker, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworthmarker between Batterseamarker and Vauxhallmarker.

It is primarily an industrial area, dominated by Battersea Power Stationmarker, Battersea Dogs and Cats Homemarker, railway lines, a major Royal Mail sorting office and, the New Covent Garden Marketmarker.

Nine Elms Lane was named, around 1645, from a row of trees bordering the road. In 1838, at the time of construction of the London and Southampton Railway, the area was described as “a low swammpy district occasionally overflowed by the Thames [whose] osiers beds, pollards and windmille and the river give it a Dutch effect.…

Nine Elms railway stationmarker opened on 21 May 1838, as the first London terminus of the London and South Western Railway which that day changed its name from the London and Southampton Railway. The neo-classical building was designed by Sir William Tite. The station was connected to points between Vauxhall and London Bridge by Thames steam boats. It closed in 1848 when the railway was extended to a new terminus at Waterloo stationmarker (then called Waterloo Bridge Station). The redundant station and the adjacent area, to the north of the new mainline, became the London and South Western Railway’s carriage and wagon works and main locomotive worksmarker until their relocation to Eastleighmarker in 1909. The company’s largest locomotive depot was located on the south side of the main line. The buildings, damaged by bombs in World War II, were demolished in 1974 and replaced by the flower section of the New Covent Garden Marketmarker.

Gasworks were established in 1853, close to the existing waterworks of the Southwark and Vauxhall Waterworks Company. Later Battersea Power Stationmarker was built on the site.

Nine Elms contains some residential areas along the riverside, most recent of which is Chelsea Bridge Wharf, and three large council estates: Carey Gardens, The Patmore and The Savona.

In October 2008 it was announced that the U.S.marker Embassy in Londonmarker would relocate to the area, moving from its current base in Mayfairmarker’s Grosvenor Squaremarker.

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