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Nissan Frontier is the name for the D22 and D40 generations of Nissan pickup trucks in the North, Central and South America and the Philippinesmarker. The line was started in 1998, and its immediate predecessor is the D21 series. As of 2002, the D22 series Nissan Truck is no longer sold in Japan, with the primary market having been relocated to North America, built at the Smyrna, Tennessee Nissan factory.

Nissan was the pioneer of the compact pickup truck market in 1959, joined in the 1960s by Toyota. Since 1959, Nissan is known for a number of notable firsts in the compact pickup truck market, including the first extended cab bodystyle (in the 1979 Nissan King Cab) and the first crew cab bodystyle compact pickup, in the D22 series.

In Europe, Australia and elsewhere, there have been three generations of trucks known as the Nissan Navara since 1986. The first was the D21, considered to be a small pick up. After more than 10 years with the D21, the second generation Navara was manufactured from 1998 and went until 2005 which was classed as a compact sized pick up. It was replaced with the bigger, taller, longer D40, which Nissan now considers to be a mid-size pick up truck.

The Navara gets its name from the Navarremarker region of northern Spainmarker, and the European version is built at the Nissan factory in Barcelonamarker.

D22 series

The Frontier was introduced in 1997 for the 1998 model year as a replacement for the aging 1986.5–1997 Nissan Hardbody Truck. Nissan first offered the Frontier with a 4-cylinder engine, the KA24DE, but added the V6 engine, the VG33E in 1999. Elsewhere, the Frontier was also known as the Nissan Navara

That changed, with the introduction of the 2000 Frontier Crew Cab. The Crew Cab was the first compact pickup to offer a 4-door body-style in North America. Until that point, crew cabs were heavy duty versions of full-size trucks and were mainly used as commercial vehicles, although four-door compact pickups existed in Asia and Europe for decades.

For 2001, Nissan facelifted the Frontier, introducing bolder styling in an effort to make it more appealing to younger buyers in its second generation. The Frontier was completely redone after the 2004 model year, which later resulted in the suspension of the regular cab model, indefinitely.

D22 (1997-2000 model year)Frontier

1997-2000 Nissan Frontier regular cab
Built in Japan from 1997 to 2000.Versions: Single cab, King Cab, Crew Cab (Introduced in 2000 and only available on 2000-current models). Engines: Petrol (KA24DE) and Diesel (TD27) (2wd and 4wd) with 5sp manual transmission. Also exported to Central and South America. US production in Tennesseemarker started in 1998 with a Single cab and a King cab, a Crew Cab arrived in 2000.

Engines: 2.4 liter (KA24DE) I4 and 3.3 liter (VG33E) V6, 2wd or 4wd, Manual and Automatic. A Spain Plant replaced Japanese Production and exported to Central, South America, and Australasia (Australia and New Zealand).

D22 Navara

The D22 Navara was a compact size pick up truck manufactured from 1998 to 2004. However, Nissan continues to build the D22 on a low scale, and is known as "Pickup".

The first D22 Navaras (from 1998 to 2000) have a slightly different cosmetic appearance to the newer models (2001-2004).

The first series of D22's had larger 3.2 litre Turbo Diesel engines. The second series has 4 available engine types. They were as follows:

  • 2.4 litre, DOHC, 16V, 4 cylinder, producing @ 5600 rpm and @ 2600 rpm.
  • 2.5 litre, DOHC, 16V, 4 cylinder, producing @ 4000 rpm and @ 2000 rpm.
  • 3.0 litre, DOHC, 16V, 4 cylinder, producing @ 3400 rpm and @ 2000 rpm.
  • 3.3 litre, SOHC, 12V, 6 cylinder, producing @ 4800 rpm and @ 2800 rpm.

The 2.5 litre Diesel engines are Turbo charged with intercooler, and the 3.0 litre is Turbo-charged but is not intercooled.

Currently the D22 Navara series remains on Nissan lineup for many countries and is known as Nissan NP300.

D22 (2001-2004 model year) Frontier

2003-2004 Nissan Frontier crew cab

The first Gen Frontier (2001-2004) Not sold or produced in Japanmarker. Sales and production started in North America, with Crew Cab and King Cab versions and new grille, bumper, headlights, taillights, built in fender flares and tailgate. Available engines include a petrol 2.4L, 3.3L, and a 3.3L Supercharged version . It is available with both 2 wheel and 4 wheel drive. The plant in Spain replaced production in Japan. They began exporting the second generation to Central and South America where it is called Frontier. Single Cabs and Crew Cabs are available with either the Petrol or Diesel engines, 2wd and 4wd. Also in Australia and New Zealand. Brazil plant started production around 2002 (Crew Cab Diesel 2wd or 4wd, 5 speed manual, or single cab 2wd Diesel. Only for export to Mexico petrol 2.4 cc Built in Mexicomarker) and export to Argentina (all Brazilians versions)and Mexico (Crew Cab, Petrol 2.4L, 2wd, Manual 5 speed). Egypt Plant export to Middle East, South Africa Plant to African countries. Mexico production, starting in 2008: D22 truck Single Cab Chassis and Long Bed (2wd or 4wd, Petrol 2.4L or Diesel, Crew Cab (2wd and Petrol) called D22 Pick up, Nissan Mexicana import from Brazil the Frontier D22 (CREW CAB), and USA D40 as Frontier V6.

D40 series

Initially, the Frontier was considered a compact, but beginning with the totally redesigned model year 2005 Frontier (introduced at the 2004 North American International Auto Show), it became more mid-sized. It uses the new Nissan F-Alpha platform and exterior body styling resembles that of the company's full-size Nissan Titan truck.

The new truck's wheelbase is 125.9 in (3.20 m) with a 205.5 in (5.22 m) overall length. Towing capacity is 6500 lb (2,950 kg). A 4.0 L VQ-family V6, the VQ40DE, is the standard engine, and it produces a respectable 265 hp (198 kW) with 284 ft·lbf (385 N·m) of torque. Also available is the QR25DE four-cylinder engine, which is also found in the Sentra SE-R Spec V sports sedan. A six-speed manual is standard with a five-speed automatic optional. Both rear and four-wheel drive are available. Traction control and hill-descent control are also available.

The Frontier is called Navara when sold in Europe. The engine is a 2.5 L YD25DDTi diesel, with or . The stronger version has of torque.
2009 Suzuki Equator extended cab
Suzuki has begun selling a Frontier-based mid-sized pickup that is produced by Nissan North America at the Smyrna plant. The truck debuted at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as the Suzuki Equator. For 2009 the Frontier will get a face lift with more options, colors, and new wheels. The Nismo model will be replaced by a new PRO-4X model.

D40 Navara

In the UK, the current Navara is available with the largest bed space and a market leading ( on post September '06 vehicles with the introduction of the Euro IV compliant engine). With its four specs, the S, SE, Outlaw and Aventura, the Navara has the ability to cover all market areas. The Aventura trim package is nicely equipped, to include such items as leather upholstery, Dual Zone Climate Control, 6 CD/MP3 changer and satellite navigation as standard.

In Australia, New Zealandmarker and South Africa, the D40 Navara has a few differences from the UK versions. There are 2 engines available, the popular common-rail 2.5 liter Turbo-charged Diesel engine and the V-6 petrol. The Diesel engine in 4WD models produces at 4000 rpm and at 2000 rpm, with the 2WD models producing slightly less at at 4000 rpm and at 2000 rpm. The high-powered V-6 a breath-taking at 5600 rpm of power and at 4000 rpm of torque. Both engines come with a standard 5 speed Automatic, with a 6 speed manual available for the Diesel. These models are not as luxurious as the UK versions and do not have leather, climate control or satellite navigation system.

The 2008 model of the Navara was launched on July 2. Although the same truck underneath, the Navara now had a new style of alloy wheels, bluetooth as standard, side work lights and indicators on the wing mirrors.

The 2008 Single Cab became available in Thailand since March 6. The 2.5 engine reduces the torque down from to @ 2,000 rpm. Using 15" wheels and exclusively reserved modified chassis. Power steering is standard, also available electric mirrors and central locking as optional extra. Nissan planned to sell the single cab and began to export worldwide at the same month. Nissan also continue to sell the D22 pickups with minor updates for a cheaper choice (now called as Frontier LCV).

The Nissan Navara Double Cab became available in Malaysia on November 5, 2008. It is available with a 2.5L diesel engine producing and , only with a 5-speed automatic. The D22 series Nissan Frontier remains on sale in Malaysia with a manual transmission.

International production facilities

The Frontier is known as Nissan Navara in most of Europe and Australia and New Zealandmarker, and Nissan Terrano in Chilemarker (only D40 series is known as Navara). It is currently built in Smyrna, Tennesseemarker, Spainmarker, South Africa, Thailandmarker, Philippinesmarker, Chinamarker, Mexicomarker, Brazilmarker and Egyptmarker.


The D40 Navara has undergone Euro NCAP crash testing along with the Mitsubishi Triton and Isuzu D-Max, and received one star with a strikeout; however, after retesting with upgraded computer software it went from the lowest in the group to the highest (overall) with 3 stars. Among the problems discovered during the test was delayed airbag deployment and insufficient seatbelt restraint, which were solved with the software upgrade.


  1. Suzuki Auto Announces Plans for Pickup Truck Built by Nissan North America, Business Wire, December 11, 2007
  2. Leaked: 2009 Suzuki Equator,, January 29, 2008
  3. Nissan Navara with 174 PS launched in Malaysia
  • CanadianDriver Communications, Inc. (2004). 2005 Nissan Frontier is bigger and more capable than predecessor. Retrieved January 11, 2004 from

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