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Nizhny Tagil ( ) is a city in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russiamarker. Population: 390,498 (2002 Census); 439,521 (1989 Census). The city is situated some east of the virtual border between Europe and Asia.
View of Nizhny Tagil
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Nizhny Tagil
First Russian locomotive
Nizhny Tagil Train station
Nizhny Tagil Industry


History

The history of Nizhny Tagil begins with the opening of the Visokogorski iron ore quarry in 1696. The deposits were particularly rich, and included lodes of pure magnetic iron. The surrounding landscape provided everything needed for a successful and productive mining and smelting operation — rivers for transport, forests for fuel, and suitable climate.

The city itself was legally founded in October, 1722 among settlements connected to the construction of the Viyskiy copper smelting plant, owned by Nikolay Demidov. Over the following decades, the city developed as one of the early centers of Russian industrialization, and it has been a major producer of cast iron and steel.

The first Russian steam locomotive was constructed there in 1833, and the father-and-son engineers who developed it, Ye.A. and M.Ye. Cherepanov (Черепанов), were in 1956 commemorated by an 8m bronze statue (executed by sculptor A.S. Kondratyev and architect A.V. Sotnikov) which stands in the center of the Theatrical Square in the heart of downtown.

According to some sources, the copper for the skin of the Statue of Libertymarker was mined and refined in Nizhny Tagil.

Geography

Rivers and ponds take up one third of the city's territory. Nizhny Tagil spans 22 km from north to south and 21 km from east to west. The city is built around Lisya Mountain extinct volcano. This mountain with a watch-tower on its top is a symbol of the city. Another mountain, Medved-Kamen, is located in the northern part of the city and is 100 meters high. High rock wall breaks into the Tagil River.

The city has three official regions: the Leninski Region (Ленинский Район), encompassing the city center and Nizhnetagilski Lake (Нижнетагильский Пруд); the Tagilstroyevski Region (Тагилстроевский Район), a comparatively small section at the north part of town; and Dzerzhinski Region (Дзержинский Район), a sizable section to the east of the city center principally consisting of apartment buildings and other residences.

In addition, a large portion of the land within the bounds of the city is dominated by the facilities of the various factories located in this industrial city, including those of Oxochem.

The city's climate is temperate continental. The geological structure of the city is very complex. Its altitude varies from 170 to 380 meters. This makes Nizhny Tagil one of the rare natural store-rooms on the Earth. There are many mineral deposits containing 63 elements of the periodic table.

Rail lines and highways connect the city with others in all directions: with Yekaterinburgmarker to the south, with Serovmarker and Priobye in the north, with Permmarker in the west, and with Alapayevskmarker and Verkhnyaya Saldamarker in the east.

The city is served by Salka Airportmarker, located 17 km northeast of the city. It was a military base until 1994 and has now become a civil airport.

Industry

Nizhny Tagil is a large industrial center of the Middle Uralsmarker. Such highly power-intensive industries as ferrous metallurgy, engineering, chemistry, and metal working are well-developed in the city. A total of 606 manufacturing companies operate in Nizhny Tagil.

Nizhny Tagil Iron and Steel Plant (Nizhnetagilsky Metallurgichesky Kombinat, NTMK) is a leading Russianmarker steel company.

Uralvagonzavod (UVZ) is well-known in Russiamarker as the main producer of modern tanks on the territory of the former Soviet Unionmarker. T-72, T-90, T-95 are produced in the city.

Culture

Nizhny Tagil is known for its decorative trays.

Demidovs' initiatives in the area of culture had a favorable influence on the development of Tagil community into the Uralsmarker' most important cultural center. In the 19th century, a library and the museum of natural history and antiquity were opened.

Nizhny Tagil has a wide network of 28 libraries servicing 75,000 readers every year. Tagil museums include the old regional history museum, the museum of Fine Arts, and a number of new museums opened in the 1990s: the museum of tray painting art, the museum of lifestyle and handicrafts representing the starting point of a new ethnographic complex.

The Demidov Park, a new cultural and historical project, is planned to be built in the city. Nizhny Tagil has been repeatedly chosen to host international Urals' Industrial Heritage conferences and workshops.

Nizhny Tagil theatrical life is represented by three professional theaters: the National D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak Academic Drama Theater, a puppet theater, community theaters, and the actor department of Nizhny Tagil College of Arts, which has been training actors and actresses for Nizhny Tagil and oblast scenes for two years.

A number of famous musicians studied in the Nizhny Tagil College of Arts, including Mikhail Kuritsky, a cellist, and Boris Levantovich, a pianist.

Several Maximum-security prisons surround the town, and most town residents have close connections to them. When prisoners are released from the prisons, they are not given their train fare, and most remain in the town.

Education

Nizhny Tagil is home of the Nizhny Tagil State Socio-Educational Akademy. The oldest school in Nizhny Tagil. In Nizhny Tagil State socio-educational academy operates 3 institutes, 8 faculties and 29 departments. A post-graduate courses and operates in three fields: general education, the history of pedagogy and education, Russian history, the Russian language.This is a brief description of the statistical institute. But the academy - is not only the faculties and departments, training and lecture rooms, 24 computer classes. Today the students are comfortable in two dormitories, which were for non-resident students cozy, comfortable home.In art and graphics department 2008 year launched five workshops in which students engage in decorative art. His work, they can provide in a beautiful art gallery.In the Academy has four modern sports hall. Updated large sports hall, which during the summer to build a wall for climbing. Also working gym and shaping room.

Nizhny Tagil is also home to the Nizhny Tagil Technological Institute (Нижнетагильский Технологический Институт) located to the south-east of the city center.

Sport

The city football team is FC Uralets Nizhny Tagil who play in the Russian Second Division, The city ice hockey team is Sputnik Nizhny Tagil who have played in the Russian Major League. The Uralochka Volleyball club have been champions of Russia on 14 occasions. The bandy club Metallurg plays in the 2nd highest division.[156573]

Public Health

Medical care is provided in 29 medical care centers that employ 1,100 doctors and 4,500 assistants. Annually, up to 100,000 people are hospitalized, 28,000 surgeries are performed, and up to four million appointments are registered in the city medical care centers.

There is a Yekaterinburgmarker branch of eye microsurgery in Nizhny Tagil. Obstetrical care is well developed. There is a network of municipal and private pharmacies. Potential investors can be attracted by the prospects of developing and implementing a program of manufacturing medical tools for traumatology at the Nizhny Tagil medical tools plant.

Expo-Center

Nizhny Tagil is one of centers of exhibition activity in the Middle Uralsmarker. Nizhny Tagil Institute of Metals Testing was the host of the international exhibitions such as Ural Expo Arms (1999 and 2000), Russian Defense Expo (2001 and 2002).

Well-known personalities

With Nizhny Tagil are connected the following personalities:



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Nizhny Tagil is twinned with:

Miscellaneous

As of 2006, the city mayor was Nikolay Didenko.As of 2008, the city mayor is Valentina Pavlovna Isaeva.

Nizhny Tagil is a sister city of Chattanooga, Tennesseemarker.

The 42nd Missile division of Strategic Rocket Forces is based here, equipped with 36 Topol nuclear missiles.

In early 2007, a mass grave with 30 murdered girls and women was found near Nizhny Tagil. They had been abducted in the city by a prostitution gang between 2002 and 2006. See Nizhny Tagil mass murder .

References

External links




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