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419 City of Kamloops Squadron

Squadron badge
Information
Role Tactical Fighter Training
Aircraft flown CT-155 Hawk
Wing 4 Wing Cold Lake
Base CFB Cold Lake
Motto MOOSA ASWAYITA (Beware of the Moose)
Call Sign Moose
History
Date founded 15 December 1941
Badge Moose attacking, in profile
Notable Battle Honours English Channel and North Sea 1942-44, Baltic 1942-44, Biscay Ports 1942-44, France and Germany 1942-45, Ruhr 1942-44, Berlin 1942-44, German Ports 1942-45, Normandy 1944, Rhine, Biscay 1942-44
Previous Designation


419 City of Kamloops Squadron is an air force unit with the Canadian Forces. The squadron was originally formed during the Second World War as part of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). Currently based at CFB Cold Lakemarker, it is responsible for advanced tactical fighter training for pilots as part of the NATO Flying Training in Canada (NFTC) program.

History

Second World War

No. 419 Bomber Squadron formed at RAF Mildenhallmarker, Englandmarker in 1941 as part of No. 3 Group, Bomber Command. The squadron moved to RAF Middleton St. Georgemarker when it became a constituent of 6 Group, RAF Bomber Command, and remained in England until 1945. The squadron operated Vickers Wellington, then Handley Page Halifax and finally Avro Lancaster bombers during this period. It was the third RCAF bomber unit to be formed in England. It started operations in January 1942, converting almost immediately to Wellington Mk IIIs and moving north to Leemingmarker as part of the new 6 Group in August 1942. Here in November it was re-equipped with Halifax Mk IIs, which it flew for the next 18 months on the night offensive against Germanymarker. After three quick moves it settled at Middleton St. Georgemarker in November and stayed there for the rest of its service in Bomber Command. In April 1944 the squadron began to convert to Avro Lancasters, using the Mk X which was produced in Canada and flown across the Atlantic. The squadron remained continuously on the offensive until 25 April 1945, when it flew its last sortie. Squadron personnel flew a total of 4,325 operational sorties during the war from Mannheimmarker to Nurembergmarker, Milanmarker to Berlinmarker and Munichmarker to Hanovermarker, inflicting heavy damage on the enemy. As a result of its wartime record, 419 Squadron became one of the most decorated units under the RCAF during the war. Over a span of roughly three-and-a-quarter years it logged 400 operational missions (342 bombing missions, 53 mining excursions, 3 leaflet raids and 1 "spoof") involving 4,325 sorties. One hundred and twenty nine aircraft were lost on these operations.

Between January 1943 to March 1944, 419 squadron was involved in over 200 sorties involving 2400 crewing operations losing 59 aircraft, a rate of one in every 40. 415 men were either killed or taken POW during those 15 months, averaging 4 crews a month. The average crew survival rate was between 2 and 3 months when about 20 missions would be flown. In general mining operations were relatively safer missions. In particular the attacks on German cities intensified from early Oct when regular 100plus crews were dispatched to bomb Frankfurtmarker, Mannheimmarker, Berlinmarker, Magdeburgmarker, Leipzigmarker and Nurembergmarker. During March 1944 there was much mining as described earlier, but this was the precursor to 6 Group's 118-crew attack on Nuremberg at the end of the month when it was to suffer its worst lost of thirteen aircraft in a single sortie.

It has not been possible to trace all of 419’s downed aircraft (for example Sergeant Robert Whitfield’s Halifax Mk.II JD-258 coded VR-K borrowed from 419 squadron for an operation to Wuppertal on 24/25 June 1943 was intercepted by a night fighter and crashed near Eindoven killing the crew which included 2 RCAF personnel) so the statistics will be a little worse than described above.

No. 419 Squadron was, like other squadrons in 6 Group, heavily involved in much activity during this month, probably the most active in the run up to the June landings. Rail-yards were successfully attacked at Trappes(6/7), Le Mansmarker (13/14), Amiensmarker (16/17), Laonmarker (23/24), Aulnoye (25/26), Courtraimarker (26/27) and Vaires-sur-Marne (29/30) as well as mining operations in the Gironde Estuarymarker (3/4), Brestmarker (4/5), Lorient, Brest, St Nazairemarker, Terchelling Islands (11/12),Heligolandmarker (18/19 and 30/31) and Kiel Baymarker (22/23). An aircraft factory at Meulan Les Mureaux was bombed on 2/3 March.

It flew back to Canada in June 1945 and was disbanded at Yarmouth, Nova Scotiamarker, on 5 September 1945.

Postwar

419 was reformed on 15 March 1955 as 419 All-Weather Fighter Squadron, and moved to the NATOmarker Air Division base at Baden-Soellingen,Germanymarker shortly thereafter. The squadron was equipped with the Avro CF-100 Canuck. 419 was disbanded 31 December 1962.

The unit was reformed at CFB Cold Lakemarker on 2 May 1975 as 419 Tactical Fighter Training Squadron. It was disbanded in 1995 when the CF-5 aircraft were retired.

The squadron was reformed again at 4 Wing Cold Lakemarker on 23 July 2000 to conduct advanced lead in fighter training for Canadian and NATOmarker pilots.

Notable members

The name "Moose", which is used in the squadron's emblem and motto, is derived from the nickname of the first commanding officer of the squadron, Wing Commander "Moose" Fulton. The tradition of squadron commanders bearing the nickname "Moose" was instituted after Fulton's death during operations. Squadron personnel are affectionately known as "moosemen". This tradition continues to this day.

Pilot Officer Andrew Charles Mynarski of 419 Squadron was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 12/13 June 1944 during a bombing mission over Europe. A restored Lancaster operated by the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museummarker in Hamilton, Ontariomarker is painted in the markings of aircraft VR-A of 419 Squadron in his honour. This is one of only two Lancasters still in flying condition; the other is part of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight.

As well as Mynarski's Victoria Cross members of the squadron have been awarded, 4 DSO, 150 DFCs, 3 bars to DFCs, 35 DFMs and 1 MC.

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