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No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF is a squadron of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Formed in 1925 as a reserve squadron recruiting from the vicinity of London to supplement the Royal Air Force's strength in time of war, 600 Squadron operated as a night fighter squadron during the Second World War. After the end of the war, it reverted to a reserve squadron, flying day fighters until the Royal Auxiliary Air Forces flying squadrons were disbanded in 1957.

History

Formation

No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF was formed at RAF Northoltmarker on 14 October 1925 as a unit of the Auxiliary Air Force, equipped with Avro 504 trainers and Airco DH.9A day bombers. It moved to RAF Hendonmarker at the end of 1926, replacing its DH.9As, veterans of the First World War, with more modern Westland Wapitis in 1929. It was designated a fighter squadron in July 1934. On the outbreak of war day and night patrols were flown, experiments with airborne radar beginning in December 1939. When the Germans invaded Holland, the squadron flew patrols over the Low Countries but in view of the inadequacy of Blenheims for daylight operations, 600 Sqn was allocated to night defence only a few days later.

In World War II

In September 1940 the first Bristol Beaufighter was received, conversion being completed early in 1941. In October 1940 the squadron moved to Yorkshire and in March 1941 to south-west England, where it remained until September 1942. In November 1942, 600 Sqn moved to North Africa to provide night cover for Allied bases and shipping. It was transferred to Malta in June 1943, and in September, to Italy where it spent the rest of the war on night defence and intruder missions. Re-equipment with Mosquitoes began in January 1945 and on 21 August 1945 the squadron disbanded, having become the highest scoring night fighter squadron in the RAF.

Post-war

On 10 May 1946, 600 Sqn reformed at RAF Biggin Hillmarker, as a day fighter squadron of the Auxiliary Air Force with Spitfires. It began to recruit during June and received its first operational aircraft in October. After receiving a De Havilland Vampire in October 1949 for jet conversion, it was allotted Meteors in March 1950 and flew these until the Royal Auxiliary Air Force disbanded on 10 March 1957.

Reforming on 1 October 1999 at RAF Northolt from No 1 and No 3 Maritime Headquarters Units, 600 Sqn is now a Headquarters Support Sqn of the RAuxAF, tasked to provide manpower to RAF static and mobile HQ's at home and overseas. Currently 5 "Operational" Flights exist, these being Operations, Intelligence, Communications, Administration and Logistics. Squadron personnel have deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan, the Gulf States and into positions within the UK.

In 2007 the Corporation of the City of London granted 600 Sqn "Privileged Regiment Status", and ancient honour granted to only 8 military formations in the history of the City. 600 Sqn regularly is involved in ceremonial events in London and in November 2007 provided a Guard of Honour to the Lord Mayor on his return to the Mansion House after taking the oath of allegiance at the Royal Courts of justice.

600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF continues to recruit and train personnel who live within a 50 mile radius of RAF Northolt. Further information can be found on the RAF Reserves website.

Aircraft Operated



Commanding Officers



Squadron bases



References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Hunt, Leslie. Twenty-one Squadrons: History of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 1925-57. London: Garnstone Press, 1972. ISBN 0-85511-110-0. (New edition in 1992 by Crécy Publishing, ISBN 0-94755-426-2.)
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Onderwater, Hans. Gentlemen in Blue: the History of No. 600 (City of London) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force and No. 600 (City of London) Squadron Association, 1925-1995. London: Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 1997. ISBN 0-85052-575-6.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Robinson, Anthony. RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain. London: Arms and Armour Press Ltd., 1987 (republished 1999 by Brockhampton Press, ISBN 1-86019-907-0.).
  • Yoxall, John " The Queen's Squadron: A History of No. 600 Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force". Flight, 3 November 1949. pp. 585-592.


External links



Related content

From
To
Aircraft
Version
Oct 1925
Oct 1929
Avro 504
K
Oct 1925
Oct 1929
De Havilland DH9
A
Aug 1929
Jan 1935
Westland Wapiti
Mk.IIa
Aug 1929
Jan 1935
Avro Tutor
Jan 1935
May 1937
Hawker Hart
Feb 1937
Apr 1939
Hawker Demon
Jan 1939
Oct 1941
Bristol Blenheim
Mk.If
Nov 1939
Jun 1940
Bristol Blenheim
Mk.IV
Sep 1940
Juen 1941
Bristol Beaufighter
Mk.If
Apr 1941
Apr 1942
Bristol Beaufighter
Mk.IIf
Mar 1942
Feb 1945
Bristol Beaufighter
Mk.VIf
Dec 1944
Aug 1945
De Havilland Mosquito
Mk.XIX
Oct 1946
Nov 1947
Supermarine Spitfire
F.14e
Apr 1947
Nov 1950
Supermarine Spitfire
F.21
Sep 1948
Mar 1950
Supermarine Spitfire
F.22
Mar 1950
Apr 1952
Gloster Meteor
F.4
Nov 1951
Mar 1957
Gloster Meteor
F.8
From
To
Name
Oct 1925
1926
W/Cdr. A.W.H. James, MC
1926
1931
S/Ldr. the Hon. F.E. Guest
1931
Jul 1934
S/Ldr. S.B. Collett
Jul 1934
Jun 1937
S/Ldr. P. Stewart
Jun 1937
Dec 1939
S/Ldr. the Viscount Carlow
Dec 1939
May 1940
S/Ldr. J.M. Wells
May 1940
Sep 1940
F/Lt. de B. Clarke
Sep 1940
Nov 1940
S/Ldr. H.L. Maxwell, DSO
Nov 1940
Jan 1941
S/Ldr. C.A. Pritchard
Jan 1941
Dec 1941
W/Cdr. G. Stainforth, AFC
Dec 1941
May 1942
W/Cdr. H.M. Pearson, DFC
May 1942
Nov 1942
W/Cdr. A.G. Miller, DFC, Order of Lenin
Nov 1942
Dec 1942
W/Cdr. J.R. Watson
Dec 1942
Mar 1944
W/Cdr. P. Green, DSO, DFC
Mar 1944
Dec 1944
W/Cdr. L.H. Styles, DFC
Dec 1944
Aug 1945
W/Cdr. A.H. Drummond
Jul 1946
Jul 1948
S/Ldr. T.N. Hayes, DFC
Jul 1948
Aug 1950
S/Ldr. D.E. Proudlove
Aug 1950
Oct 1953
S/Ldr. J.P. Meadows, DFC, AFC
Oct 1953
Mar 1957
S/Ldr. J. McCormack, AFC
From
To
Base
14 oct 1925
18 Jan 1927
RAF Northoltmarker
18 Jan 1927
1 Oct 1938
RAF Hendonmarker
1 Oct 1938
3 Oct 1938
RAF Kenleymarker
3 Oct 1938
25 Aug 1939
RAF Hendon
25 Aug 1939
2 Oct 1939
RAF Northolt
2 Oct 1939
16 Oct 1939
RAF Hornchurchmarker (Det. at RAF Manstonmarker)
16 Oct 1939
20 Oct 1939
RAF Rochfordmarker
20 Oct 1939
27 Dec 1939
RAF Hornchurch
27 Dec 1939
16 May 1940
RAF Manston
16 May 1940
20 Jun 1940
RAF Northolt
20 Jun 1940
22 Aug 1940
RAF Manston
22 Aug 1940
12 Sep 1940
RAF Hornchurch
12 Sep 1940
12 Oct 1940
RAF Redhillmarker
12 Oct 1940
14 Mar 1941
RAF Catterickmarker (Dets. at Drem, Acklington and Prestwick)
14 Mar 1941
27 Apr 1941
RAF Dremmarker (Det. at Prestwick)
27 Apr 1941
18 Jun 1941
RAF Colernemarker
18 Jun 1941
27 Jun 1941
RAF Fairwood Commonmarker (Det. at Predannack)
27 Jun 1941
6 Oct 1941
RAF Colerne (Det. at Predannack)
6 Oct 1941
2 Sep 1942
RAF Predannackmarker
2 Sep 1942
14 Nov 1942
RAF Church Fentonmarker
14 Nov 1942
18 Nov 1942
RAF Portreathmarker
18 Nov 1942
7 Dec 1942
Blida (Algeriamarker)
7 Dec 1942
3 Jan 1943
Maison Blanche (Algeria)
3 Jan 1943
25 Jun 1943
Setif (Algeria) (Dets. at Souk-el-Khemis, 'Paddington' (Tunesiamarker), Bone (Tunesia), Tingley (Algeria), Monastir (Tunesia)
25 Jun 1943
26 Jul 1943
Luqamarker (Maltamarker)
26 Jul 1943
30 Sep 1943
Cassibile (Sicily)
30 Sep 1943
2 Feb 1944
Montecorvino (Dets. at Brindisimarker, Tortella, Gaudo and Lago
2 Feb 1944
22 Mar 1944
Marcianese
22 Mar 1944
1 Apr 1944
Pomigliano
1 Apr 1944
13 Jun 1944
Marcianese
13 Jun 1944
19 Jun 1944
La Banca
19 Jun 1944
5 Jul 1944
Voltone
5 Jul 1944
29 Jul 1944
Follonicamarker
29 Jul 1944
25 Aug 1944
Rosignano (Det. at Falconaro)
25 Aug 1944
15 Dec 1944
Falconaro (Dets at Rosignano, Iesimarker and Bellariamarker)
15 Dec 1944
24 May 1945
Cesenaticomarker
24 May 1945
26 Jul 1945
Campoformidomarker
26 Jul 1945
21 Aug 1945
Avianomarker
10 May 1946
10 Mar 1957
RAF Biggin Hillmarker

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