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No. 87 Squadron RAF was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Air Force during the First World War and Second World War.


The squadron was first formed on 1 September 1917 as 87 Squadron Royal Flying Corps at RAF Upavonmarker from elements of the Central Flying School. By the end of 1917 is was equipped with the Sopwith Dolphin biplane fighter and the squadron moved to France. After the armistice the squadron moved back to England and was disbanded at RAF Ternhillmarker on the 24 June 1919.

The squadron was reformed on 15 March 1937 at RAF Tangmeremarker from elements of No. 54 Squadron RAF , operating the Hawker Fury. At the outbreak of the Second World War the squadron was part of the air element of the British Expeditionary Force in France with the Hawker Hurricane.

The squadron was formed as part of the 2nd Tactical Air Force in Germany on 1 January 1952 at RAF Wahn with the Gloster Meteor NF11, with the main tasking being the defence of the Ruhr, after five years it moved to RAF Bruggenmarker and was equipped with the Gloster Javelin as an all-weather interceptor force until it was disbanded on 3 January 1961.

Aircraft operated

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1917-1919 Sopwith Dolphin Single-engined piston biplane fighter
1937-1937 Hawker Fury II Single-engined piston biplane fighter
1937-1938 Gloster Gladiator I Single-engined piston biplane fighter
1938-1942 Hawker Hurricane I Single-engined piston monoplane fighter
1941-1944 Hawker Hurricane IIC
1943-1944 Supermarine Spitfire IX, VB, VC VIII Single-engined piston monoplane fighter
1944-1946 Supermarine Spitfire IX
1952-1957 Gloster Meteor NF11 Twin-engined jet night fighter
1957-1961 Gloster Javelin FAW1 Twin engined jet fighter
1958-1960 Gloster Javelin FAW5
1959-1961 Gloster Javelin FAW4


  1. Jefford 1988, page 51


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