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North Atlantic Treaty: Map

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The North Atlantic Treaty is the treaty that brought NATOmarker into existence, signed in Washington, DCmarker on April 4, 1949. The original twelve nations that signed it and thus became the founding members of NATO were:
Map of NATO countries chronological membership.


Later the following nations joined:

  • (1952)
  • (1952)
  • (1955)
  • (1982)
  • (1999)
  • (1999)
  • (1999)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2004)
  • (2009)
  • (2009)


When Germanymarker was reunified in 1990, the country as a whole became a member of NATO.

During the April 2008 summit in Bucharestmarker, Croatiamarker and Albaniamarker were officially invited to join NATO. They both signed the treaty and officially joined NATO on April 1, 2009.

The key section of the treaty was Article V which committed each member state to consider an armed attack against one state to be an armed attack against all states. The treaty was created with an armed attack by the Soviet Unionmarker against Western Europe in mind, but the mutual self-defense clause was never invoked during the Cold War. Rather, it was invoked for the first time in 2001 in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the World Trade Centermarker and The Pentagonmarker in Operation Eagle Assist.

In the United States, the treaty was approved by the Senate in a vote of 82 to 13 on July 21, 1949.

See also




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