North Dakota ( ) is a
state located in the Midwestern region of the United States of
America; on the Canadian
border halfway between the Pacific and Atlantic
North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in
the U.S.; it is the 3rd
least populous, with just over
641,481 residents as of 2008. North Dakota was carved out of the
northern half of the Dakota
and admitted to the Union on November 2, 1889.
River flows through the western part of the state and
Sakakawea behind the
The western half of the state is hilly and
coal and oil
. In the east, the Red
River forms the Red River
Valley, holding fertile farmland.
Agriculture has long
dominated the economy and culture of North Dakota.
capital is Bismarck and the largest city is Fargo. The primary public universities are located
Forks and Fargo. The United States Air Force operates
bases at both Minot and Grand Forks.
Map of North Dakota
North Dakota is considered to be in the U.S. regions known as the
Upper Midwest and the Great Plains, and is sometimes referred to as
being the "High Plains". The state shares the Red River of the
North with Minnesota on the east; South Dakota is to the south, Montana is to the
west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba are north. It sits essentially, in the middle of
North America, and in fact, a stone
marker in Rugby, North
Dakota, identifies it as being the "Geographic Center of
the North American Continent".
With , North Dakota is the
western half of the state consists of the hilly Great Plains, and the northern part of the Badlands to the west of the Missouri River. The state's high point, White Butte at , and Theodore
Roosevelt National Park are located in the Badlands.
The region is
abundant in fossil fuels
coal. The Missouri River forms Lake Sakakawea, the third largest man-made lake in the United States, behind the Garrison Dam.
The central region of the state is divided into the Drift Prairie
and the Missouri Plateau
. This area is covered in
and rolling hills. The Turtle Mountains are located along the Manitoba border. The geographic center of the North American continent is located near the
city of Rugby.
eastern part of the state consists of the flat Red River Valley, the bottom of glacial
Agassiz. Its fertile soil, drained by the meandering
River flowing northward into Lake Winnipeg, supports a large agriculture industry. Devils
Lake, the largest natural lake in the state, is also
found in the east.
Overall, North Dakota is a very flat state, however, there are some
significant hills and buttes
in the western
half of the state. Most of the state was covered in grassland
(and today, mostly with farmland
); only 2% of North Dakota was
North Dakota endures some of the most extreme temperature
variations on the planet, characteristic of its continental climate
, with cold winters
and hot summers: the record low temperature is and the record high
temperature is .
Meteorological events include rain
, and high-velocity straight-line winds
Depending on location, average annual precipitation ranges from
14 in (35.6 cm) to 22 in (55.9 cm).
Springtime flooding is a relatively common
event in the Red River Valley,
because of the river flowing north into Canada, creating
The spring melt and the
eventual runoff typically begins earlier in the southern part of
the valley than in the northern part. The most destructive flooding
in eastern North Dakota occurred in
North Dakota is largely semiarid
the low temperatures and snowpack prevents the state from having a
Prior to European
contact, Native Americans
inhabited North Dakota for thousands of years. The first European
to reach the area was the French-Canadian
trader La Vérendrye
, who led an exploration party
villages in 1738. The trading
arrangement between tribes was such that North Dakota tribes rarely
dealt directly with Europeans. However, the native tribes were in
sufficient contact that by the time that Lewis and Clark
Dakota in 1804, they were aware of the French and then Spanish
claims to their territory.
of present-day North Dakota was included in the Louisiana Purchase
of 1803. Much of acquired land
was organized into Minnesota and
Nebraska Territories. Dakota
Territory, making up present-day North and South Dakota, along with parts of present-day Wyoming and Montana, was organized
on March 2, 1861.
Dakota Territory was settled sparsely
until the late 1800s, when the railroads entered the region and
aggressively marketed the land. A bill
for statehood for North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington titled the Enabling
Act of 1889 was passed on February 22, 1889 during the
administration of Grover
After Cleveland left office, it was left to
his successor, Benjamin Harrison
to sign proclamations formally admitting North and South Dakota to
the Union on November 2, 1889. The rivalry between the two new
states presented a dilemma of which was to be admitted first.
Harrison directed Secretary of State James G. Blaine
to shuffle the papers and obscure
from him which he was signing first and the actual order went
unrecorded. However, since North Dakota
appears before South Dakota
, its proclamation was
published first in the Statutes At Large. Since that day, it has
become common to list the Dakotas alphabetically and thus North
Dakota is usually listed as the 39th state. It is believed that
nobody recorded which paper was signed first, thus nobody can
actually know which of the Dakotas was admitted first.
The corruption in the early territorial and state governments led
to a wave of populism led by the Non
(usually referred to as the "NPL"), which
brought social reforms in the early 20th century.The NPL which was
later incorporated as part of the Democratic Party
a number of laws and social reforms, in an attempt to insulate
North Dakota from the power of out-of-state banks and corporations,
a number of which are still in place today. In addition to the
Bank of North Dakota and the
Dakota Mill and Elevator (both still in existence) there was a state-owned
railroad line (later sold to the Soo
Additionally, anti-corporate laws were
passed, which virtually prohibited a corporation or bank from
owning title to land zoned as farmland. These laws, which still
exist today, and which have upheld by both the State and Federal
court systems, make it almost impossible to foreclose on farmland,
as even after foreclosure, the property title cannot be held by a
bank or mortgage company. Thus, virtually every farm in existence
today in North Dakota, is still a "family-owned" farm. As a result,
CBS News has reported that the state with the highest per capita
percentage of millionaires is North Dakota.
of federal construction projects began in the 1950s including the
Dam, and the Minot and Grand Forks Air Force
There was a boom in oil exploration in western North
Dakota in the 1980s, as rising petroleum
prices made development profitable. The original North Dakota
State Capitol burned to the ground on December 28, 1930, and was
replaced by a limestone faced art deco skyscraper that
still stands today.
North Dakota population density
From fewer than 3,000 people in 1870, North Dakota's population
grew to near 680,000 by 1930. Growth then slowed, and the
population has fluctuated slightly over the next seven decades,
hitting a low of 617,761 in the 1970 census, with a total of
642,200 in the 2000 census. The United States Census Bureau
of July 1, 2008, estimated North Dakota's population at 641,481,
which represents a decrease of 714, or 0.1%, since the last census
in 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of
20,460 people (that is 67,788 births minus 47,328 deaths) and a
decrease due to net migration of 17,787 people out of the state.
outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 3,323
people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of
21,110 people. The age and gender distributions approximate the
national average. Besides Native Americans, North Dakota's minority
groups still form a significantly smaller proportion of the
population than in the nation as a whole. The center of population of North Dakota is
located in Wells County, near Sykeston.
Since the 1990s, North Dakota has experienced virtually constant
decline in population, particularly among younger people with
university degrees. One of the major causes of emigration in North
Dakota looms from a lack of skilled jobs for graduates. Some
propose the expansion of economic development programs to create
skilled and high-tech jobs, but the effectiveness of such programs
has been open to debate.
As the issue is common to several High Plains
politicians including Senator Byron
, have proposed The New Homestead Act of 2007 to
encourage living in areas losing population through incentives such
as tax breaks.
Race and ancestry
Most North Dakotans are of Northern
descent. The six largest ancestry groups in North
Dakota are: German
(4.8%) (30,571) and Swedish
2.47% of the population aged 5 and older speak German
at home, while 1.37% speak Spanish
, 0.46% speak Norwegian
, and 0.26% speak French
according to the 2000 U.S. Census
The state's racial composition in 2005 was:
North Dakota has the lowest percentage of non-religious people of
any state, and it also has the most churches per capita
of any state.
A 2001 survey indicated that 35% of North Dakota's population was
, and 30% was Roman Catholic
religious groups represented were Methodists
(6%), the Assembly of God
with unstated or other denominational affiliations, including other
, totaled 3%,
bringing the total Christian population to 86%. Non-Christian
religions, such as Judaism
, and Hinduism
, together represented 4% of the
population. Three percent of respondents answered "no religion" on
the survey, and 6% declined to answer.
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2000 were the
Roman Catholic Church
179,349; the Evangelical Lutheran
Church in America
with 174,554; and the Lutheran Church–Missouri
According to the website of the Mormon church there were 6,120
Latter Day Saints
congregations in North Dakota as of 2009. There is also an LDS
temple in Bismarck.
Fine and performing arts
Dakota's major fine art museums and venues
include the Chester Fritz Auditorium, Empire Arts
Center, the Fargo Theatre,
North Dakota Museum of
Art, and the Plains Art Museum.
The Bismarck-Mandan Symphony
, Fargo-Moorhead Symphony
, Greater Grand Forks
and Minot Symphony Orchestra
full-time professional and semi-professional musical ensembles
that perform concerts and
offer educational programs to the community.
North Dakotan musicians of many genres include blues guitarist Jonny Lang
singer Lynn Anderson
singer and songwriter Peggy Lee
leader Lawrence Welk
, and pop
singer Bobby Vee
. The state is also
home to two groups of the Indie rock
genre that have become known on a national scale: GodheadSilo (originally from Fargo, but later
relocated to Olympia,
Washington and became signed to the Kill Rock Stars label) and June Panic (also of Fargo, signed to Secretly Canadian).
is known around the country as
the host of progressive talk
show The Ed Schultz
, and The Ed Show
hosted American Top
from 1988 to 1995. Josh
is an Emmy Award
actor known for his roles in All My
. Nicole Linkletter
and CariDee English
contestants of Cycles
respectively, of America's
Next Top Model
. Kellan Lutz
appeared in movies such as Stick It
, Prom Night
, and Twilight
North Dakota cuisine includes Knoephla
: a thick, stew-like chicken soup with dumplings, lutefisk
: lye-treated fish, Kuchen
: a pie-like pastry, lefse
: a flat bread made from mashed potatoes that is
eaten with butter and sugar, Fleischkuekle
, a deep fried entree of ground
beef covered in dough, and served with chips and a pickle in most
restaurants; strudel: a dough-and-filling item that can either be
made as a pastry, or a savory dish with onions or meat; and other
traditional German and Norwegian dishes. North Dakota also shares
concepts such as hot dishes
other Midwestern states.
Along with having the most churches per
of any state, North Dakota has the highest percentage of
church-going population of any state.
traditions are practiced by the Native American
population of North Dakota, especially on Indian reservations
. The North Dakota
is held in Bismarck in late summer
Outdoor activities such as hunting and fishing are hobbies for many
North Dakotans. Ice fishing
are also popular during the winter
months. Residents of North Dakota may own or visit a cabin along a
lake. Popular sport fish include walleye
, and northern
Agriculture is the largest industry in North Dakota, although
and food processing
are also major industries.
The economy of North Dakota had a gross domestic product
of $24 billion
in 2005. The per capita income
2006 was $33,034, ranked 29th
in the nation. The
three-year median household
from 2002-2004 was $39,594, ranking 37 in the U.S.
Dakota is also the only state with a state owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota in Bismarck, and a state owned flour
mill, the North Dakota Mill and
Elevator in Grand Forks.
Industry and commerce
North Dakota's earliest industries were fur trading and
agriculture. Although less than 10% of the population is employed
in the agricultural sector, it remains a major part of the state's
economy, ranking 24th
in the nation in the value of
products sold. The state is the largest producer in the U.S. of
for processing, and farm-raised turkeys
North Dakota Mill and Elevator
Coal mines generate 93% of the North Dakota electricity.
discovered near Tioga in 1951, generating of oil a year by 1984.
North Dakota is currently in an oil boom: the Tioga, Stanley and Minot-Burlington communities are experiencing rapid growth.
The oil reserves may hold up to of
oil, 25 times larger than the reserves in the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge.
However, a report issued in April 2008 by
the U.S. Geological Survey estimates that the oil recoverable by
current technology in the Bakken formation is two orders of
magnitude less, in the range of 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels, with a
mean of 3.65 billion.
The Great Plains area, which North Dakota is apart of, is called
the "Saudi Arabia" of wind energy, North Dakota has the capability
of producing 1.2 billion kilowatt hours of energy. That is enough
to power 25% of the entire country's energy needs. Wind energy in
North Dakota is also very cost effective because the state has
large rural expanses and wind speeds seldom go below .
Oil drilling equipment in western
North Dakota has a slightly progressive
structure; the five brackets of state income tax
rates are 2.1%, 3.92% 4.34%, 5.04%,
and 5.54% as of 2004. North Dakota is ranked as the 21st highest in
the nation for their capitals' total state taxes. The sales tax
in North Dakota is 5% for most items.
The state allows municipalities to institute local sales taxes and
special local taxes, such as the 1.75% supplemental sales tax in
Grand Forks. Excise taxes
are levied on the
purchase price or market value of aircraft registered in North
Dakota. The state imposes a use tax
purchased elsewhere but used within North Dakota. Owners of
in North Dakota pay
to their county,
municipality, school district, and special taxing districts.
The Tax Foundation
ranks North Dakota
as the state with the 30th most "business friendly" tax climate in
the nation. Tax Freedom Day
on April 1, 10 days earlier than the national Tax Freedom Day. In
2006, North Dakota was the state with the lowest number of returns
filed by taxpayers with an Adjusted Gross Income
of over $1M -
Transportation in North Dakota is overseen by the North Dakota
Department of Transportation
. The major Interstate highways are Interstate 29 and Interstate 94, with I-29 and I-94 meeting at
Fargo, with I-29 oriented north to south along the
eastern edge of the state, and I-94 bisecting the state from east
to west between Minnesota and Montana.
A unique feature of
the North Dakota Interstate Highway system, is that virtually all
of it is paved in concrete, rather than blacktop, because of the
extreme weather conditions it must endure. The largest rail systems
in the state are operated by BNSF
Canadian Pacific Railway
Many branch lines formerly used by BNSF and Canadian Pacific
Railway are now operated by the Dakota, Missouri
Valley and Western Railroad
and the Red River Valley and
Dakota's principal airports are the Hector
International Airport (FAR) in Fargo, Grand Forks
International Airport (GFK), Bismarck Municipal Airport (BIS), and the Minot
International Airport (MOT).
Amtrak's Empire Builder
runs through North Dakota, making stops at Fargo (2:13 am westbound, 3:35 am eastbound), Grand
Forks (4:52 am westbound, 12:57 am eastbound), Minot (around 9 am westbound and around 9:30 pm
eastbound), and four other stations.
It is the descendant of
the famous line of the same name run by the Great Northern Railway
was built by the tycoon James J.
Hill and ran from St.
Paul to Seattle.
Intercity bus service is provided by
and Jefferson Lines
. Public transit
in North Dakota is currently
limited to bus
systems in the larger
Law and government
As with the federal government of the United States, power in North
Dakota is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and
The executive branch is headed by the governor
. The current governor is
, a Republican
whose first term
began December 15, 2000, and who was re-elected in 2004
. The current Lieutenant Governor of North
is Jack Dalrymple
, who is
also the President of the
. The offices of governor and lieutenant governor have
four-year terms. The governor has a cabinet
consisting of the leaders of
various state government agencies, called commissioners. The other
elected constitutional offices are secretary of state
, attorney general
, and state auditor
The North Dakota
is a bicameral
body consisting of the Senate
and the House of
. The state has 47 districts. Each district has
one senator and two representatives. Both senators and
representatives are elected to four year terms. The state's legal
code is named the North Dakota
North Dakota's court system has four levels. Municipal courts serve
the cities, and most cases start in the district courts
, which are courts of general
jurisdiction. There are 42 district court judges in seven judicial
districts. Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain
governmental decisions are heard by the North Dakota Court of Appeals
consisting of three-judge panels. The five-justice North Dakota Supreme Court
all appeals from the district courts and the Court of
There are three Sioux
, one Three Affiliated Tribes
, and one
in North Dakota. These
communities are self-governing.
North Dakota's two United States
are Democrats Kent Conrad
and Byron Dorgan
. The state has one
represented by Democratic representative
court cases are heard in the United
States District Court for the District of North Dakota, which
holds court in Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks, and Minot. Appeals are heard by the Eighth
Circuit Court of Appeals based in St. Louis,
The major political parties in North Dakota are the Democratic-NPL
of 2007, the Constitution Party
are also organized parties in the state.
At the state level, the governorship
has been held by the
Republican Party since 1992, along with a majority of the state
legislature and statewide officers. Dem-NPL showings were strong in
the 2000 governor's race, and in the 2006 legislative elections,
but the League has not had a major breakthrough since the
administration of former state governor George Sinner
The Republican Party presidential candidate usually carries the
state; in 2004, George W. Bush
won with 62.9% of the vote. Of all the
Democratic presidential candidates since 1892, only Grover Cleveland
, Woodrow Wilson
, Franklin Roosevelt
, and Lyndon Johnson
received Electoral College
from North Dakota.
On the other hand, Dem-NPL candidates for North Dakota's federal
Senate and Congressional seats have won every election since 1982,
and the state's federal delegation has been entirely Democratic
Cities and towns
Bismarck, located in south-central North Dakota along the
banks of the Missouri
River, has been North Dakota's capital city since
1883, first as capital of the Dakota
Territory, and then as state capital since 1889.
Bismarck however, was not originally the first choice to be the
capital of the new state. While Bismarck had served adequately as
the territorial capital, it was felt by many that the state's
capital city should be moved eastward since then, as now, the
majority of North Dakotans lived in the eastern half of the state.
end, Jamestown was chosen as the new capital, and the state's
official records were moved to Jamestown, and stored in the
then-new Stutsman County Court House, in preparation for the first session
of the North Dakota Legislature.
Before the legislators had
a chance to gather however, a small group of civic-minded Bismarck
residents, disgruntled over the loss of prestige which the
impending change meant to their community, rode on horseback the
100 miles to Jamestown in a January
blizzard, broke into the court house, stole the state records, and
made it back to Bismarck with them, staying just ahead of a
pursuing posse. Once the records were back in Bismarck, they were
essentially "held hostage", until the legislature agreed to meet in
Bismarck. Faced with the "fait accompli", the legislators had no
choice but to convene in Bismarck; and, as the Bismarck citizens
had hoped for, once there, simply decided it was too much work to
change the status quo. In an effort to extract some dignity from
the situation however, the legislature refused to formally vote to
establish Bismarck as the state capital city
. Thus, while
Bismarck remains the North Dakota state capital to this day, there
is no actual statute, law or constitutional clause placing it
there, although because of its convenient central location in the
state the city is a perfect site for government to meet. Bismarck's
popularity and beauty attracts thousands of people from the east
side of the state to the west, north and south. The state capitol
builing (the tallest building in the state), and biggest museum in
the state, a civic center and opera/ballet house, the largest court
room in the state, the largest zoo in the state ("Dakota Zoo") and
others are located in Bismarck. Bismarck today is the leading
provider in North Dakota of government, health care, and nature
care. Bismarck hosts the two tallest buildings in
the state, with many parks and recreational areas, three malls and
many plazas, a huge downtown area where USA presidents visited,
busy traffic and very busy train traffic, and its all located on
top of rolling hills along the Missouri River.
Bismarck ranks second in tourism intake
after Minot. Bismarck also ranks second in largest metro area after
Bismarck's economy has sky rocketed twice
when gold was discovered in the Black Hills and when Garrison Dam on Lake
Sakakawea was being
constructed. Minot is a city in northern North Dakota is home of the
North Dakota State
is located a few
miles west of Bismarck on the west side of the Missouri River and
takes its name from the Mandan
that greeted Lewis and
. New Salem is the location of the world's largest holstein cow statue; the world's largest statue
is of a buffalo is Jamestown. Grand Forks and Devils Lake are located in scenic areas of North
Dakota. Williston is located near the confluence of the Missouri River and the Yellowstone River near Montana. Medora in the North Dakota Badlands hosts the Medora
Musical every summer and is the gateway to Theodore
Roosevelt National Park. Fort Yates, located along the Missouri River on the
Rock Indian Reservation claims to host the final resting place of Hunkpapa Lakota leader
Sitting Bull (Mobridge,
South Dakota also claims his gravesite).
North Dakota's most populous city is Fargo, North Dakota.
Dakota's top 12 cities are listed here in order of descending size,
they are: Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, West Fargo, Mandan, Dickinson, Jamestown, Williston, Wahpeton, Devils Lake, and then Valley City.
The state has 11 public colleges and universities, five tribal community colleges
and four private schools. The largest institutions are North Dakota
State University and the University of North
The higher education system consists of the following
University System (Public schools):
State College in Bismarck
- *Dickinson State University in
Region State College in Devils Lake
- *Mayville State University in
- *Minot State University in Minot
- *Dakota College at Bottineau in
- *North Dakota State University in Fargo
- *North Dakota State College
of Science in Wahpeton
- *University of North Dakota in
- *Valley City State University in
- *Williston State College in Williston
- *Cankdeska Cikana Community
College in Fort Totten
- *Fort Berthold Community
College in New Town
Bull College in Fort Yates
- *Turtle Mountain Community
College in Belcourt
- *United Tribes Technical
College in Bismarck
College in Fargo and Bismarck
- *Jamestown College in Jamestown
- *University of
Mary in Bismarck
Bible College in Ellendale
- State bird: Western Meadowlark, Sturnella
- State fish: Northern pike, Esox lucius
- State horse: Nokota horse
- State flower: Wild Prairie Rose, Rosa
- State tree: American Elm, Ulmus americana
- State fossil: Teredo Petrified
- State grass: Western Wheatgrass, Pascopyrum
smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve
- State nicknames: Roughrider
State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State
- State mottos:
- :(Great Seal of North
Dakota) Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and
- :(Coat of Arms of
North Dakota) Strength from the Soil
- State slogan: Legendary
- State song: North Dakota Hymn
- State dance: Square Dance
- State fruit: Chokecherry
- State march: Flickertail March
- State beverage: Milk
- State art museum: North
Dakota Museum of Art
- State license plate: see the different types over time 
"The Flickertail State" is one of North Dakota's nicknames and is
derived from Richardson's
), a very
common animal in the region. The ground squirrel constantly flicks
its tail in a distinctive manner. In 1953, legislation to make the
ground squirrel the state emblem was voted down in the state
Dakota's media markets are Fargo-Grand Forks, (119th largest nationally), making up
the eastern half of the state, and Minot-Bismarck (158th), making up the western half of
the state. Prairie
(PPTV) is a statewide public television
network affiliated with PBS
Broadcast television in North Dakota
started on April 3, 1953, when KCJB-TV (now KXMC-TV) in Minot began broadcasting.
broadcast stations and 18 digital
channels broadcast over North
The state's largest newspaper is The Forum of
. Other weekly and monthly publications
(most of which are fully supported by advertising
) are also available. The most
prominent of these is the alternative
weekly High Plains
, which covers Fargo and Grand Forks.
is a statewide radio
network affiliated with National
. The state's oldest radio station, WDAY-AM
, was launched on May 23, 1922. The
station is still on the air, and currently broadcasts a news/talk
Notable North Dakotans
- Dick Armey former U.S. Representative.
- James F. Buchli former NASA astronaut.
- Quentin N. Burdick former U.S. Senator, third
longest-serving Senator among current members of this body
- Warren Christopher former
U.S. Secretary of State, diplomat and
- Shannon Curfman American
blues-rock guitarist and singer.
- Angie Dickinson Golden Globe-winning television and film actress.
- Josh Duhamel Emmy Award-winning actor and former male fashion
- Carl Ben Eielson was an
pilot and explorer.
- CariDee English winner of Cycle
7 on America's Next Top
Model. Host of Pretty Wicked.
- Louise Erdrich a Native American author
of novels, poetry, and
- Virgil Hill former WBA World
Cruiserweight champion and Olympic boxer.
- Phil Jackson championship-winning
NBA coach, formerly of the Chicago Bulls, now with the Los Angeles Lakers.
- Chuck Klosterman a writer, journalist,
critic, humorist, and
essayist whose work often focuses on
- Louis L'Amour an author of
primarily Western fiction.
- Jonny Lang a Grammy-winning blues
guitarist and singer.
- Peggy Lee a jazz
and traditional pop singer and
- Kellan Lutz actor who portrays
Emmett Cullen in Twilight and
New Moon . Former male fashion
- Roger Maris a right fielder in Major League Baseball and former
single season home run record holder
- Thomas McGrath, who was a
poet and political activist.
- Mancur Olson, American
- Alan Ritchson American Idol-3rd season participant singer,
- Sakakawea a Shoshone woman of Lewis
and Clark fame
- Eric Sevareid a CBS news journalist.
- Ed Schultz the host of The Ed Schultz Show.
- Ann Sothern an Oscar nominated film and
- Shadoe Stevens was the host of
American Top 40.
- Lawrence Welk a musician, accordion
player, bandleader, and television impresario.
- Bobby Vee an American pop music singer.
- Richard Hieb
former NASA astronaut.
- Arends, Shirley Fischer. The Central Dakota Germans: Their
History, Language, and Culture. (1989). 289 pp.
- Berg, Francie M., ed. Ethnic Heritage in North Dakota.
(1983). 174 pp.
- Blackorby, Edward C. Prairie Rebel: The Public Life of
William Lemke (1963), radical leader in 1930s online edition
- Collins, Michael L. That Damned Cowboy: Theodore Roosevelt
and the American West, 1883-1898 (1989). Teddy was a rancher
here in the 1880s
- Cooper, Jerry and Smith, Glen. Citizens as Soldiers: A
History of the North Dakota National Guard. (1986). 447
- Crawford, Lewis F. History of North Dakota (3 vol
1931), excellent history in vol 1; biographies in vol. 2-3
- Danbom, David B. "Our Purpose Is to Serve": The First
Century of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station.
(1990). 237 pp.
- Eisenberg, C. G. History of the First Dakota-District of
the Evangelical-Lutheran Synod of Iowa and Other States.
(1982). 268 pp.
- Ginsburg, Faye D. Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in
an American Community. (1989). 315 pp. the issue in Fargo
- Hargreaves, Mary W. M. Dry Farming in the Northern Great
Plains: Years of Readjustment, 1920-1990. (1993). 386 pp.
- Howard, Thomas W., ed. The North Dakota Political
Tradition. (1981). 220 pp.
- Hudson, John C. Plains Country Towns. (1985). 189 pp.
geographer studies small towns
- Junker, Rozanne Enerson. The Bank of North Dakota: An
Experiment in State Ownership. (1989). 185 pp.
- Lamar, Howard R. Dakota Territory, 1861-1889: A Study of
Frontier Politics (1956).
- Lounsberry, Clement A. Early history of North Dakota
(1919) excellent history by editor of Bismark Tribune;
645pp online edition
- Lysengen, Janet Daley and Rathke, Ann M., eds. The
Centennial Anthology of "North Dakota History: Journal of the
Northern Plains." (1996). 526 pp. articles from state history
journal covering all major topics in the state's history
- Morlan, Robert L. Political Prairie Fire: The Nonpartisan
League, 1915-1922. (1955). 414 pp. NPL comes to power
- Peirce, Neal R. The Great Plains States of America: People,
Politics, and Power in the Nine Great Plains States (1973)
excerpt and text ssearch, chapter on North
- Robinson, Elwyn B., D. Jerome Tweton, and David B. Danbom.
History of North Dakota (2nd ed. 1995) standard history,
by leading scholars; extensive bibliography
- Schneider, Mary Jane. North Dakota Indians: An
Introduction. (1986). 276 pp.
- Sherman, William C. and Thorson, Playford V., eds. Plains
Folk: North Dakota's Ethnic History. (1988). 419 pp.
- Sherman, William C. Prairie Mosaic: An Ethnic Atlas of
Rural North Dakota. (1983). 152 pp.
- Smith, Glen H. Langer of North Dakota: A Study in
Isolationism, 1940-1959. (1979). 238 pp. biography of
influential conservative Senator
- Snortland, J. Signe, ed. A Traveler's Companion to North
Dakota State Historic Sites. (1996). 155 pp.
- Stock, Catherine McNicol. Main Street in Crisis: The Great
Depression and the Old Middle Class on the Northern Plains.
(1992). 305pp. online edition
- Tauxe, Caroline S. Farms, Mines and Main Streets: Uneven
Development in a Dakota County. (1993). 276 pp. coal and grain
in Mercer county
- Tweton, D. Jerome and Jelliff, Theodore B. North Dakota:
The Heritage of a People. (1976). 242 pp. textbook
- Wilkins, Robert P. and Wilkins, Wynona Hutchette. North
Dakota: A Bicentennial History. (1977) 218 pp. popular
- Wishart, David J. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains
(2004), many articles by scholars on many topics
- Young, Carrie. Prairie Cooks: Glorified Rice, Three-Day
Buns, and Other Reminiscences. (1993). 136 pp.
- Benson, Bjorn; Hampsten, Elizabeth; and Sweney, Kathryn, eds.
Day In, Day Out: Women's Lives in North Dakota. (1988).
- Maximilian, Prince of Wied. Travels in the Interior of
North America in the rears 1832 to 1834 (Vols. XXII-XXIV of
"Early Western Travels, 1748-1846," ed. by Reuben Gold Thwaites;
1905- 1906). Maximilian spent the winter of 1833-1834 at Fort
- University of North Dakota, Bureau of Governmental Affairs,
ed., A Compilation of North Dakota Political Party Platforms,
1884-1978. (1979). 388 pp.
- WPA. North Dakota: A Guide to the Northern Prairie
State (2nd ed. 1950), the classic guide online edition
- Janet Kruckenberg, Gospel Allies in Fargo, North Dakota
Ensign, Oct. 1995, 77–78.
- IRS - Tax Stats at a Glance
- S. D. Senate Bill No. 134.