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North Field or Iwo Jima Air Base is a World War II airfield on Iwo Jimamarker in the Bonin Islandsmarker, located in the Central Pacific. The Bonin Islands are part of Japanmarker. Today, the airfield is operated by the Japan Self-Defense Forces as a military airfield.

History

See also: Battle of Iwo Jimamarker
Located south and west of the midpoint between Tokyomarker and Saipanmarker, the island of Iwo Jima was needed by the United States Army Air Force Twentieth Air Force as an emergency landing facility for its B-29 Superfortress strategic bombing campaign against the Empire of Japanmarker.

United States Marines landed on Iwo Jima February 19, 1945. The first day saw 2,400 American casualties. During the battle U.S. Marines, sailors and soldiers killed an estimated 20,000 Japanese and captured over 1,000 prisoners. On March 25 the Battle of Iwo Jima was declared over and the island secured, although mopping up continued until July. United States Army units, including the 147th Infantry also participated in the battle.

North Field was a Japanese airfield which was repaired and lengthened by American forces to accommodate B-29s making emergency landings. Centralmarker and North Fields on Iwo Jima handled over 2,400 emergency landings by American aircraft. It was also the headquarters for VII Fighter Command (assigned to Twentieth Air Force) from March 1 – December 1, 1945, along with the intelligence-gathering 41st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron from August though mid-September 1945. Operational fighter squadrons which performed B-29 escort missions from North Field were:



After the war, North Field stayed in American hands until after the Korean War, when it was turned over to the Japan Self-Defense Forces as an interceptor base. It continues in that role today.

See also



References

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • www.pacificwrecks.com


External links


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