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North Sumatra: Map


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North Sumatra ( ) is a province of Indonesiamarker. Its capital is Medanmarker. It is the most populous Indonesian province outside of Java.

Geography and population

The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatramarker between the Indian Oceanmarker and the Strait Malaccamarker. It borders Acehmarker province on the northwest and Riaumarker and West Sumatramarker provinces on the southeast. It has an area of 70787 km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca coast; the provincial capital, Medan, is located here. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Tobamarker, formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Oceanmarker off the coast of Sumatra are part of North Sumatra, most notably Niasmarker, and the Batu Islandsmarker.

North Sumatra recorded a population of 11.48 million in the 2000 national census. Intercensal estimates for 2007 show a population of 12,834,371.

Agriculture and economy

Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra and largely exported to the U.S. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.


Below is a list of regencies ( ) and cities in North Sumatra.

West coast region:
Regencies — capital (seat) Cities
Mountain region:
Regencies — capital (seat) Cities
East coast region:
Regencies — capital (seat) Cities


  1. BPS: Luas Wilayah, Jumlah Penduduk, dan Kepadatan Penduduk menurut Kabupaten/Kota Tahun 2007

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