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North Sydney's commercial area at night.


North Sydney is a suburb and commercial district on the Lower North Shore of Sydneymarker, in the state of New South Walesmarker, Australia. North Sydney is located 3 kilometres north of the Sydney central business districtmarker and is the administrative centre for the local government area of North Sydney Councilmarker.

History

Aborigines on the southern side of Port Jacksonmarker (Sydney Harbour) called the north side warung which meant the other side, while those on the northern side used the same name to describe the southern side.

The first name used by European settlers was Hunterhill, named after a property owned by Thomas Muir (1765-1799), a Scottishmarker political reformer. He purchased land in 1794 near the location of north pylon of the Sydney Harbour Bridgemarker is now located, and built a house which he named after his childhood home. This area north to Gore Hillmarker became known as St Leonardsmarker. The township of St Leonards was laid out in 1836 in what is now North Sydney, bounded by what is now Miller, Walker, Lavender and Berry Streets. By 1846 there were 106 houses here and by 1859, the commercial centre had extended from Milsons Pointmarker to Miller Street. A bus service operated by Jeremiah Wall ran between Milsons Point and North Sydney Shops, and North Sydney thus developed its own identity.

The North Sydney municipality was incorporated in 1890 and after naming disputes, North Sydney was settled upon. The post office which opened in 1854 as St Leonards was changed to North Sydney in 1890. The first public school which opened in 1874 as St Leonards was renamed North Sydney in 1910.

North Sydney underwent a dramatic transformation into a commercial hub in 1971-72. In this period no less than 27 skyscrapers were built.

Heritage

The following buildings are on the Register of the National Estate:
  • Christ Church, Walker and Lavender Streets
  • Church of England Rectory, Lavender Street
  • St Francis Xavier's War Memorial Church, Mackenzie Street
  • St Francis Xavier's Presbytery, Mackenzie Street
  • St Francis Xavier's Church School Hall, Mackenzie Street
  • Chinese Christian Church, Alfred Street
  • Former North Sydney Technical School (now Greenwood Hotel), Blue Street
  • St Peter's Presbyterian Church and Manse, Blues Point Road
  • Graythwaite, Union Street
  • St Thomas's Church of England, West and Church Streets
  • St Thomas's Kindergarten Hall, Church and McLaren Streets
  • St Thomas's Church Rectory, McLaren Street
  • Don Bank, Napier Street
  • North Sydney Post Office, Pacific Highway and Mount Street
  • Houses: 11-37 Walker Street and 20-30 Walker Street
  • Mercedes, 9 Walker Street
Image:Wiki0150.jpg|North Sydney Post Office, Pacific HighwayImage:NthSydneyBuilding0011.jpg|Rag and Famish HotelImage:MaryMackillopMuseum0002.jpg|Mary Mackillop museum, Mount StreetImage:Wiki0151.jpg|Former Technical College (now Greenwood Hotel), Blue StreetImage:Wiki0153.jpg|Rocklea Grange, Edward StreetImage:Wiki0148.jpg|Mercedes, Gothic Revival home, Walker StreetImage:NthSydneyHome0004.jpg|Home combining Federation and Victorian influences, Union StreetImage:Wiki0149.jpg|Graithwaite, Union Street

Commercial Area

North Sydney's high-rise commercial district
The commercial district of North Sydney includes the second largest concentration of office buildings in New South Walesmarker, with a large representation from the advertising and information technology industries. Advertising, marketing businesses and associated trades such as printing have traditionally dominated the business life of the area though these have been supplanted to a certain extent by information technology businesses. Corporations whose offices are in North Sydney include Cisco Systems, Novell, Sun Microsystems, AGL, AAMI and until October 2007, Optus.Unlike other major suburban hubs within the Sydney metropolitan area, North Sydney has limited shopping facilities and almost no Sunday trading. There are only two medium sized supermarkets (Aldi & IGA). The main shopping complex is the Greenwood Plaza, which is connected to North Sydney stationmarker. Berry Square is another shopping centre in Berry Street, formerly known as North Sydney Shopping World.

Transport

North Sydney is directly linked to the Sydney CBD by road and rail across the Sydney Harbour Bridgemarker. North Sydney railway stationmarker is on the North Shore Line of the City Rail network. The Warringah Freeway links North Sydney south to the Sydney CBD and north to Chatswood, New South Walesmarker.

Schools

Primary schools include North Sydney Demonstration School and St Marys catholic School. High schools include the public North Sydney Boys High Schoolmarker and North Sydney Girls High Schoolmarker, the Catholic Marist College North Shoremarker and Monte Sant' Angelo Mercy Collegemarker and independent schools Wenona Schoolmarker and Sydney Church of England Grammar Schoolmarker (Shore).

St Aloysius' Collegemarker of Milson's Point and Loreto Kirribillimarker are also within the confines of the North Sydney Local Government Area. Post-secondary education providers include the Australian Catholic Universitymarker, Raffles College of Design and Commerce and Billy Blue College.

Places of worship

Churches include St Mary's Catholic Church on Miller Street, St Francis Xavier's War Memorial Church in Mackenzie Street, St Thomas Anglican Church on West and Church Streets, Christ Church on Walker and Lavender Streets, St Peter's Presbyterian Church and Manse on Blues Point Road and Chinese Christian Church on Alfred Street.

A Hare Krishna temple is located on the corner of Falcon Street and Miller Street.
Image:Wiki0152.jpg|Mary Mackillop Memorial Chapel, Mount StreetImage:Wiki0156.jpg|St Francis Xavier ChurchImage:Wiki0155.jpg|St Francis Xavier Parish CentreImage:NthSydneyBuilding0005.jpg|St Peters ChurchImage:St Thomas North Sydney 1.jpg|St Thomas' ChurchImage:St Marys North Sydney 1.jpg|St Mary's Church


Landmarks



Sport and Recreation



Population

Notable residents



Governance

The local government area of North Sydney Councilmarker includes the suburb of North Sydney and the surrounding suburbs of Crows Nestmarker, Wollstonecraftmarker, Wavertonmarker, Neutral Baymarker, McMahons Pointmarker, Kirribillimarker, Cremornemarker (divided between North Sydney & Mosman), and Cammeraymarker.

References

  1. Gregorys Street Directory, Gregorys Publishing Company, 2007
  2. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 191
  3. Sydney Architecture
  4. The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981
  5. www.greenwoodplaza.com.au
  6. www.northsydneysw.com.au
  7. http://www.iskcon.com.au


External links




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