North Wales ( ) is the
northernmost unofficial region of Wales, bordered to
the south by Mid
Wales and to the east by England.
comprises the island of Anglesey, the
and the Snowdonia mountain range,
together with the catchments of the Rivers
Conwy, Clwyd and Dee with the
Dyfi often said to form the southern boundary along part
of its course.
northern Powys is the same
distance north as south Gwynedd so that
could also be classed as North Wales.
Location of North Wales
North Wales is steeped in history. In 1210, English King John invaded Gwynedd a county of
North Wales, Llywelyn ap
Iorwerth, one of the greatest of the medieval Welsh kings was
forced to retreat to the mountainous areas to the West.
John found himself embroiled in struggles with his Barons and the
Pope, Llywelyn was able to reassert his authority in North Wales.
In 1216, Llywelyn went on to preside over a Welsh Parliament
, a position confirmed at
the Peace of Worcester in 1218, by Henry III
World Heritage Sites
Wales is home to five of the six UNESCO World Heritage sites in Wales,
Castle and Pontcysyllte aqueduct.
Traditionally, most of North Wales was
covered by the kingdom of
The region is approximately made up of the following administrative areas
was a European
Parliament constituency until 1999.
Currently, there is
for the National Assembly for Wales
the name (used, in parallel with the smaller
, to elect top-up members under the Additional Member System
covers the North-East of Wales (specifically the entire area of the
former pre-1996 county of Clwyd
) as well as
the Northern-most coastal areas of north-western Wales; the rest of
North Wales is covered by
Mid and West Wales
The area is mostly rural
with many mountains
combination with its coast (on the Irish Sea), has ensured that tourism
is the principal industry. Farming
which was once the principal economic force in the area, is now
much reduced in importance. The average income per capita of the local
population is the lowest in the UK and much of
the region has EU Objective 1 status .
eastern part of North Wales contains the most populous areas, with
more than 300,000 people living in the areas around Wrexham and Deeside.
is North Wales' largest town
, with a population
of 68,000 in 2005. The majority of other
settlements are along the coast, including some popular resort towns, such as Rhyl, Llandudno and Pwllheli. The A55 expressway
links these towns with the north of England and the port
of Holyhead for ferries to Ireland; few routes connect North Wales with South Wales. There are two cathedral cities — Bangor and St. Asaph, and a number of mediaeval
castles (e.g.: Criccieth, Dolbadarn, Harlech, Caernarfon, Beaumaris, Conwy).
Wales has a very diverse and complex geology with precambrian schists along
Strait and the great Cambrian dome
behind Harlech and underlying much of western Snowdonia. In the Ordovician
period much volcanism deposited a range of minerals and rocks over
the north western parts of Gwynedd whilst to the east of the
Conwy lies a large area of upland rolling hills underlain
by the Silurian mud-stones and grits
comprising the Denbigh and Migneint moors.To the east, around Llangollen,to the north on Halkyn mountain
and the Great
Orme and in eastern Anglesey are deep beds of limestone from which metals have been mines since
pre-Roman times. Added to all this are the complexities posed
Mountain and the
outcrops of unusual minerals such as Jasper
and Mona Marble which make the area of special interest to Geologists.
North Wales has a distinct regional identity. Its dialect of the Welsh
language differs from that of other regions such as South Wales in some ways; for example llefrith is used
in most of the North instead of llaeth for "milk"; a
simple sentence such as go upstairs now might be Dos i
fyny'r grisiau rwan in North Wales, where it might be Cer
lan y stâr nawr in South Wales. Colloquially
, a person from North Wales
(especially one who speaks with this dialect or accent) is known as
a North Walian
, or a Gog
(from the Welsh
, meaning "north").
- Television is provided by BBC Wales
throughout the area and by BBC North
West in eastern border areas. Flintshire, Denbighshire and Greater Wrexham lie within the
broadcast area of both ITV Wales and ITV Granada/ITV Central West, and
S4C and Channel 4.
- Independent local radio stations in this area include: 105.4
Century RadioMarcher Sound (Wrexham,
Chester and Flintshire), Coast 96.3
(North Wales coast), Champion 103
(Gwynedd and Anglesey), and Radio
Maldwyn (mid Wales; signal particularly strong in Greater
Wrexham). Radio City 96.7, Dee 106.3, Signal One,
Beacon Radio, Buzz
97.1 (a sister station of Marcher Sound) and other stations are
very much accessible in the north-east.
- No local BBC radio stations exist for North Wales, but the
national services BBC Radio Wales
and BBC Radio Cymru serve much of
the area. BBC Radio
Merseyside, Manchester and
Lancashire are strong in north eastern areas.
- The Lord of the
Rings fan film, The
Hunt for Gollum, was filmed here. This was a non-profit
film that helped convince the audience that they were in Middle-earth.
In September 2008 it was announced by the Welsh Rugby Union
that a development team
based in North Wales would be created, with a long term goal of
becoming the fifth Welsh Region in the Celtic League
. It was envisaged
that this would both help the growth of the game in the area, and
provide a larger pool of players for the Welsh national team
In 2000, The Wales Tourist Board tourist identified the top 10 most
visited attractions in the region, these included: