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North York forms the central part of the northern half of Torontomarker, Ontariomarker, Canadamarker. As of the 2006 Census, it has a population of 635,370. The official 2001 census count was 608,288. Until 1998, it was the second-largest of six municipalities that comprised another larger municipal structure called Metropolitan Toronto. The previous year, the provincial Government of Ontario passed legislation to merge these municipalities into a single, new amalgamated City of Toronto. North York is one of the most diverse areas of Toronto, as it contains some of the richest areas of the city (The Bridle Pathmarker, Hogg's Hollow, Willowdalemarker, York Millsmarker, Lawrence Park) and some of the poorest (Jane and Finchmarker, Lawrence Heights, Flemingdon Parkmarker).

History

The Township of North York was formed on June 13, 1922 out of the rural part of the Township of Yorkmarker. The rapidly-urbanizing parts of the Township remained in that township. As North York itself became more urbanized, it became the Borough of North York in 1967, and then on February 14, 1979, the City of North York. To commemorate receiving its city charter on St. Valentine's Day, the city's corporate slogan was "The City with Heart". It now forms the largest part of the area served by the "North York Community Council", a committee of Toronto City Council.

Originally, North York was known as a regional agricultural hub composed of scattered villages. The area boomed following World War II, and by the 1950s and 1960s, it resembled many other sprawling North American suburbs. Of note is the community of Don Millsmarker.

On August 10, 2008, a massive explosionmarker occurred at the Sunrise Propane Industrial Gases propane facility just south of the old Downsview Airport. This destroyed the depot and damaged several homes nearby. About 13,000 residents were evacuated for several days before being allowed back home. One employee at the company was killed in the blast and one firefighter died while attending to the scene of the accident. A followup investigation to the incident made several recommendations concerning propane supply depots. It asked for a review of setback distances between depots and nearby residential areas but didn't call for restrictions on where they can be located.

Demographics

North York is a very multicultural place. In 2006, 57% of North York's residents were not born in Canada. 52% of the people in North York were classified as a visible minority.

Chinese - 14%

South Asian - 10%

Black - 9%

Arab/West Asian - 5%

Filipino - 4%

Latin American - 4%

Korean - 3%

Southeast Asian - 2%

Other - 2%

North York is full of different neighbourhoods that represent different cultures. The western half of North York is different in cultures than the eastern half.

The Chinese dominate the eastern half of North York making up 22% of the population from Yonge Street to Victoria Park Avenue.

South Asians are mainly spreaded out evenly in North York. The neighbourhoods with the biggest percentage of South Asians was Flemingdon Parkmarker (35% of the population was South Asian), and Emery (28% was South Asian).

Black Canadians dominate the western half of North York making up 19% of the population past Allen Road. Most of North York's Black community are along Jane Street and areas around it. Smaller areas such as Jane and Finchmarker, Lawrence Heights, and Trethewey had more than 40% of its population identified as Black. Most are West Indiansmarker but there is also a large Black African population. The Jane & Wilson neighbourhood has the largest Ghanaianmarker community in Toronto.

West Asians and Arabs concentrate in the eastern half of North York. Most are Iranian and it is very distinctive on the north end of Yonge Street. There is also a large percentage of Middle Easterns along Don Mills Road.

Filipino are centred around Bathurst Streetmarker making up 10% of the population of the neighbourhoods along Bathurst in North York. The Bathurst & Wilson area will soon officially be the first Little Philippines in Canada. Flemingdon Park also has a sizable Filipino communtiy.

Latin Americans in North York are predominantly in the western half of North York along Jane Street, Weston Road, and Keele Street. They make up 10% of North York's population past Dufferin Street. Areas such as the Jane & Sheppard area have approximately 25% of its population being Latin American. They are from different countries in Latin America with not one country being a dominant one, but many are from Ecuadormarker, El Salvadormarker, Argentinamarker, and Colombiamarker.

Korean are mostly in the eastern half of North York, especially in the Willowdalemarker neighbourhood (10% of Willowdale was Korean, making it the largest Korean community in Toronto).

Southeast Asians are predominant in the western half of North York. Most are from Vietnammarker.

Although non-visible minorities are slowly declining over the years moving into the suburbs, Europeans still show a big presence. The largest European community in North York are Italians. Most live in the houses in the western half of North York, from Bathurst Street to Weston Road. Jewish Canadians are centred around Bathurst Street which has the largest Jewish community in Toronto. Russians make up a large percentage of the population along the northern end of Bathurst Street between Sheppard Avenuemarker and Steeles Avenue. The area is also the largest Russian community in Toronto, and is sometimes referred to as "Little Moscow". Old generation Canadians dominate the southern end of North York from Bathurst Street to the west, Leslie Street to the east, Highway 401 to the north and Lawrence Avenue to the south. 73% of the population there is White.

Mayors and reeves of North York

The following is a list of reeve and mayors of North York.

  • 1922-1929 R.F. Hicks, Reeve
  • 1929-1930 James Muirhead, Reeve
  • 1931-1933 George B. Elliott, Reeve
  • 1934-1940 R. Earl Bales, Reeve
  • 1941-1949 George H. Mitchell, Reeve
  • 1950-1952 N.A. Boylen, Reeve
  • 1953-1956 Fred J. McMahon, Reeve
  • 1957-1958 Vernon M. Singer, Reeve
  • 1959-1964 Norman C. Goodhead, Reeve
  • 1965-1966 James D. Service, Reeve
  • 1967-1969 James D. Service, Mayor
  • 1970-1972 Basil H. Hall, Mayor
  • 1973-1997 Mel Lastman, Mayor


Development of North York Centre



While much of the area still retains a suburban nature, efforts led by former Mayor of North York and Toronto Mel Lastman were made to intensify development in the North York Centre area along Yonge Street between Finch and Sheppardmarker Avenues, coinciding with the path of the Toronto Transit Commission's Yonge subway line.

There are many stores and high-rise office and condominium apartment buildings along this central North York corridor, particularly centred around the old North York City Hall. Directly beside the old City Hall is the Toronto Centre for the Artsmarker. Thanks to a new subway line along Sheppard Avenue, more high-rise condominiums are being built along the Sheppard East corridor.

The central area is gradually ceasing to be suburban, resembling a smaller version of the city's downtown. Major corporations have built their own office towers along Yonge Street in central North York, including the Canadian head offices of Procter & Gamble, Nestl√©, Cadbury Adams, Lindt & Spr√ľngli, Equifax, and Xerox, while the Government of Canada maintains officesmarker north of Sheppard Avenue. McDonald's of Canada is also located in North York, although not along this corridor. This particular area is the region in the foreground of this photograph. Many more office and condo towers have sprouted in the area of this photo since it was taken.

The section of Highway 401 which traverses North York is the busiest section of freeway in North America, exceeding 400,000 vehicles per day.

In the 1980s, the administration of Mel Lastman transformed North York. The former North York City Hall looks out upon a reflecting pool. Directly south of the city hall in the same complex is the former North York Board of Education building (now home to the Toronto District School Board. To the north and east of the complex are two large malls connected by an underground passage with subway access. The northern mall is connected to the North York Central Librarymarker, the largest full-service Toronto Public Librarymarker building in Toronto (second to Metro Reference in square footage). The library is a part of a much larger facility including a school board work station, swimming pool, snack bar, veterans centre and large hotel, the rooms of which look onto the inside of the mall. The more recently-built eastern mall (called "Empress Walkmarker") is built around a large multi-storey cathedral-like hall and contains an Empire Theatres movie theatre and a Loblaws supermarket.

North York is the northern extent of the Carolinian forest zone.

Amenities

Major shopping malls in North York include the Yorkdale Shopping Centremarker and Fairview Mallmarker. Smaller locations include Centerpoint Mallmarker, Bayview Village, Yorkgate Mall, Steeles West Market Mall, Jane Finch Mall and Sheppard Centre. It is also home to campuses of York Universitymarker, Seneca Collegemarker, Osgoode Hall Law Schoolmarker, and Tyndale University College and Seminarymarker.

Major health-care facilities, such as North York General Hospitalmarker, Humber River Regional Hospitalmarker (Finch Avenue Site previously called York-Finch Hospital) and the massive Sunnybrook Hospitalmarker complex which includes a veterans' residence, a regional cancer centre and regional trauma centre are located in North York.

A military base and aircraft manufacturing facility is located at Downsview, although with the end of the Cold War, much of the land is now being transformed into a park.

Black Creek Pioneer Villagemarker, an authentic nineteenth-century village, and the Ontario Science Centremarker, which boasts over 800 science-oriented exhibits, are North York's primary attractions. Not far from Black Creek Pioneer Villagemarker is York Universitymarker's main campus, and the infamous Jane and Finchmarker neighbourhood.

Along North York's Bathurst Streetmarker is one of the world's largest urban Jewish communities, with a significant population of Holocaust survivors.

A small plaza containing Chinese restaurants and supermarkets is located at the intersection of Finch Avenue and Leslie Street. It first developed in the 1980s to serve the ethnic Chinese community, though its patronage has now diversified.

There are a multitude of North York sports clubs including the North York Storm, a girls hockey league, Gwendolen Tennis Club in the heart of North York near Yonge and Sheppard, and the venerable North York Aquatic Club, which was founded in 1958 as the North York Lions Swim Club and has produced many Olympian swimmers.

Sports



Notable residents



See also



References

  1. CityNews


  1. CTV


  1. Toronto Star


  1. Toronto Star


External links




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