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North and South is the general title of a 1980s trilogy of novels by John Jakes, which takes place during American Civil War times.


The titles of the books are:

They tell the story of a friendship between Orry Main from South Carolinamarker and George Hazard from Pennsylvaniamarker, and their families.

TV adaptation

Main article: North and South

The books were made into TV movies starring Patrick Swayze and James Read as Orry Main and George Hazard. The first two novels were adapted in 1985 and 1986, while the third part was aired in 1994.

There were major changes made in the TV adaptation. Most notably the focus was dramatically shifted towards the love story between Orry and Madeline. In the novel the beginning is the fight Orry and George have en route to West Pointmarker. In the TV miniseries, the beginning is the meeting of Orry and Madeline before Orry heads for West Point. In the novel he only meets her in his first holidays after two years in West Point, and has not waited two years for a reunion.

Cooper Main, Orry's elder brother and an important character from the novels, is absent in the first two miniseries episodes. However, when Patrick Swayze declined to appear in the third mini series, Cooper Mainā€” who was not even mentioned with a single syllable in the two preceding miniseries ā€” mysteriously appears on the scene, confusing many people who didn't know the novels.

In the novels Elkanah Bent is described as fat and even obese and coming from Ohio. In the miniseries however, he mutates into a wiry Georgian although it's still shown his illegitimate father is an Ohio senator. Elkanah Bent in the book is also described as a homosexual, having made an advance to Charles Main while serving with him in Texas, however, in the mini-series he is known as a womanizer.

The Hazard men are described as short and stocky in the novels; nevertheless, the tall and lean actors James Read (George) and Jonathan Frakes were cast for these roles. Orry Main is several times described as being six feet, two inches tall, but Patrick Swayze was considerably shorter than that. In the novel, Orry is described as being taller than George by a head, in the miniseries he is considerably shorter than George.

In the book, Orry and George fight in the Mexican War, where Orry loses his arm. In the miniseries, though, he receives an injury to the leg. In a feature on the DVD, Jakes explains that the network had said people would be too distracted wondering about Swayze's arm to pay attention to the story, which Jakes agreed with.

Most dramatic, however, is the change made regarding Orry's fate. In the book he dies after being shot in the head by a wounded Union soldier he tries to help; in the miniseries he survives the war to return to Madeline and his plantation in South Carolina. However, this caused a problem when Patrick Swayze refused to play Orry in the third mini series. He was, at the beginning of the third miniseries episode, stabbed by Elkanah Bent.

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