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Norwalk is a city in Fairfield Countymarker, Connecticutmarker, United Statesmarker. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 84,437, making it the sixth largest city in Connecticut, and the third largest in Fairfield County. The city is part of the New York metropolitan areamarker.

The name “Norwalk” itself comes from the Algonquin word “noyank” meaning “point of land”, or its Native American name, “Naramauke” (or Norwauke, Norowake, or Norwaake), a Native American chief.

The farming of oysters has long been important to Norwalk, which was once nicknamed "Oyster Town." Norwalk is Connecticut's largest oyster producer and home to the nation's largest oyster company, Hillard Bloom Shellfish. Each September, Norwalk holds its annual Oyster Festival. The festival is similar to many state fairs.

Residents of Norwalk are referred to as "Norwalkers".

History

Norwalk was purchased in 1640 by Roger Ludlow. The original purchase included all land between the Norwalk and Saugatuck rivers and a day’s walk north from the sea. Norwalk was chartered as a town on September 11, 1651.

The traditional American song "Yankee Doodle" has Norwalk-related origins. During the French and Indian War, a regiment of Norwalkers arrived at Fort Crailo, NY, the British regulars began to mock and ridicule the rag-tag Connecticut troops who only had chicken feathers for uniform. Dr. Richard Shuckburgh, a British army surgeon, added new words to a popular tune of the time, Lucy Locket (e.g., “stuck a feather in his cap and called it macaroni”, macaroni being the London slang at the time for a foppish dandy).

In 1776, American spy Nathan Hale set out from Norwalk by ship on his ill-fated intelligence-gathering mission.

British forces under General William Tryon arrived on July 10, 1779 and almost completely destroyed Norwalk; only six houses were spared. After the Revolutionary War, many residents were compensated for their losses with free land grants in the Connecticut Western Reserve in what is now Ohiomarker; this later became Norwalkmarker, Ohiomarker.

In 1849 the New York and New Haven Railroad started operating through Norwalk. In 1852 the Danbury and Norwalk Railroad connected Norwalk with Danbury. Both railroads eventually became parts of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. The first major U.S. railroad bridge disaster occurred in Norwalk in 1853 when a train plunged into the Norwalk River. Forty-six deaths and about 30 injuries resulted.

Oyster farming in Norwalk peaked from the late 1800s to the early part of the 20th century. By 1880, it had the largest fleet of steam-powered oyster boats in the world.

Norwalk was reincorporated as a borough in 1836, then reincorporated as a city in 1893 and was consolidated with the town of Norwalk in 1913. This latter event gave rise to the 1913 year that appears on the seal of the city.

In the mid-1970s, the city government and several local organizations started successful efforts to revitalize the South Norwalkmarker business district ("SoNo"). The Maritime Aquarium at Norwalkmarker was founded as part of that effort.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94.1 km²), of which, 22.8 square miles (59.1 km²) of it is land and 13.5 square miles (35.0 km²) of it (37.24%) is water.

Neighborhoods

Norwalk is composed of several neighborhoods:

Neighboring towns

Norwalk is bordered on the east by Westportmarker; on the north by Wiltonmarker; on the northwest by New Canaanmarker; on the west by Darienmarker and on the south by Long Island Soundmarker.

Climate

Norwalk experiences warm to hot and humid summers and cold snowy winters.The seasonal extremes are tempered by proximity to Long Island Sound, withdaily high temperatures several degrees cooler in summer, and nightly lows higher in wintercompared to locations further inland.

On average the warmest month is July and the coolest month is January.The highest recorded temperature was in July 1966,the lowest temperature was in January 1968.The maximum average precipitation occurs in September, although monthly precipitation variationsare only slight (when snowfall is converted to meltwater depths as in the table below).

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 82,951 people, 32,711 households, and 20,967 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,637.3 people per square mile (1,404.1/km²). There were 33,753 housing units at an average density of 1,480.0/sq mi (571.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.95% White, 15.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.25% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.33% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.63% of the population.

The foreign nation in which the most residents of Norwalk were born was Colombiamarker, the birthplace of 2.8% of Norwalk's total population and 14% of its foreign-born population.There were 32,711 households, of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was 22.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 35.5% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 37. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females 18 or older, there were 91.4 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $70,672, and the median income for a family was $83,695.[39956] Males had a median income of $46,988 versus $38,312 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,781. About 5.0% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under 18 and 6.3% of those 65 or older.

Recent population trends

  • 1980 - 77,767
  • 1990 - 78,331
  • 2000 - 82,951
  • 2007 - 90,431 (estimate)


Politics

Norwalk leans slightly Democratic, with 1.3 active registered Democrats per Republican as of October 2005.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage

Democratic 13,626 109 13,735 29.71%

Republican 10,029 84 10,113 21.87%

Unaffiliated 21,447 188 21,635 46.79%

Minor Parties 745 5 753 1.63%
Total 45,850 386 46,236 100%


Economy

The economy of Norwalk is spread somewhat evenly across at least 12 different NAICS industry groups according to the United States Census Bureau.

2002 Economic census for Norwalk
NAICS code Description establishments sales ($1000) payroll ($1000) employees
31-33 Manufacturing 147 1321517 334344 6897
42 Wholesale trade 178 4112214 197187 3053
44-45 Retail trade 404 2694568 269868 7455
51 Information 95 93210 1820
53 Real estate & rental & leasing 98 83029 18108 443
54 Professional, scientific, & technical services 439 620019 267952 3874
56 Administrative & support & waste management & remediation service 234 1298440 233201 7824
61 Educational services 32 100-249
62 Health care & social assistance 275 514877 235061 5528
71 Arts, entertainment, & recreation 62 70408 21744 908
72 Accommodation & food services 201 134643 34692 2147
81 Other services (except public administration) 235 169490 54913 1584
Totals 2400 11019205 1760280 41633-41782


Large and distinctive companies

  • ABB Inc. Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) -- A technology-based provider of power and automation products, systems, solutions, and services.
  • Arch Chemicals Inc. (ARJ)-- headquarters, 501 Merritt Seven; international manufacturer of specialty chemicals for markets including personal care products, wood preservatives and coatings, water purification and building products. Its hydrazine propellants are used in NASA's space shuttle, government and commercial satellites and launch rockets; 2,725 employees companywide; 210 in Connecticut; $1.3 billion in 2005 revenues; CEO Michael E. Campbell
  • Affinion Group, Inc. [39957] -- Global headquarters, 100 Connecticut Avenue; a large marketing company specializing in membership services, loyalty programs, direct marketed insurance and value-added checking programs in North America, Europe, and South Africa
  • Applera Corp. Applied Biosystems Group (ABI) -- headquarters, 301 Merritt Seven; the successor to Norwalk's old Perkin Elmer Corp. (the actual name of Perkin Elmer went to another company) Appelera Biosystems develops, manufactures, sells and services instrument systems, reagents and software for the life sciences industry. It is a separately traded stock under the holding company Applera Corp., also based in Norwalk. (Applera Corp. also includes Celera Genomics, best known for its work on the human genome project.) Appelera Biosystems has 4,030 employees companywide; $1.8 billion in 2005 revenues; CEO Tony L. White
  • Bear Naked -- cereal and snackfood manufacturer.
  • Diageo North America -- U.S. headquarters of the world's largest liquor maker
  • Dooney & Bourke apparel manufacturer
  • Emcor Group Inc. (EME) -- headquarters, 301 Merritt Seven (not to be confused with "Premcor Inc." of Greenwich); a Fortune 500 company that performs mechanical and electrical construction, energy infrastructure and facilities services for a range of businesses worldwide; 26,000 employees companywide; 506 in Connecticut; $4.7 billion in 2005 revenues; CEO Frank T. MacInnis
  • FactSet Research Systems - A leading provider of global financial and economic information, including fundamental financial data on tens of thousands of companies worldwide. Combining hundreds of databases into its own dedicated online service, FactSet also provides the tools to download, combine, and manipulate financial data for investment analysis. FactSet has offices in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific, its headquarters are in Norwalk.
  • IMS Health — The world's largest supplier of pharmaceutical market intelligence recently moved its headquarters to Norwalk from Fairfieldmarker, Connecticutmarker.
  • Kayak.com -- headquarters, Connecticut Avenue; a travel search engine Web site founded in January 2005; Steve Hafner, CEO.
  • HealthMarkets, Inc. - A life and health insurance company, specializing in self-employed healthcare.
  • King Industries - a chemical manufacturer whose headquarters are on Science Drive in Norwalk.
  • Knipschildt Chocolatier - a leading gourmet chocolate maker.
  • Media Storm LLC (privately held) -- headquarters, 99 Washington St., South Norwalk; helps entertainment marketers identify advertising vehicles, and then helps place the ads. The company helped promote the debut of the FX television program The Shield, which broke the record for the number of viewers for a cable television premier. In 2006 the company made Inc. magazine's "Inc. 500" list of fast-growing companies, coming in at No. 106, with 869.7% growth over three years (2002 to 2005). Media Storm had $72.5 million in annual revenues in 2005 and 22 employees. It was founded in November 2001 by managing partners Tim Williams and Craig Woerz, who formerly worked together at AOL Time Warner.
  • Northrop Grumman Norden Systems (formerly Norden Systems) -- a division of Northrop Grumman.
  • Pepperidge Farm -- a division of the Campbell Soup Company since 1961.
  • priceline.com (PCLN) -- headquarters; online service books airline tickets, hotel rooms, rental cars, cruises, vacation packages and mortgages; 532 employees companywide, 280 in Connecticut; $963 million in annual revenues; CEO Jeffrey H. Boyd
  • R.T. Vanderbilt Company, 30 Winfield Street; chemical supplier.
  • Gus Sclafani Foods -- an importer of European foods that was started 1911 in Stamfordmarker, relocated to Norwalk,
  • Siemens IT Solutions and Services, Inc. -- a global provider of IT outsourcing and consulting services.
  • SoBe -- a division; founded in Norwalk in 1996, it was bought by PepsiCo in 2000.
  • Stew Leonard's -- headquarters and flagship store on Westport Avenue
  • Trans-Lux -- maker of real time displays. Headquarters are in Norwalk, but manufacturing has moved elsewhere.
  • Virgin Atlantic Airways -- U.S. headquarters at 75 North Water Street
  • The influential Financial Accounting Standards Board and related Government Accounting Standards Board are headquartered in Norwalk.
  • Xerox -- World headquarters located at 45 Glover Avenue; global document management company, which manufactures and sells a range of color and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, photo copiers, digital production printing presses, and related consulting services and supplies.


Landmarks, sites and attractions

1907 postcard showing Green's Ledge (Green's Reef) Lighthouse


Sports

Baseball and softball are popular amateur sports with active leagues across many age groups in Norwalk. There are 4 baseball fieldsand 16 Little League fields in the city. Several of the fields are illuminated for nighttime play. The Norwalk Little League team won the Little League World Series in 1952.The 14 year old Babe Ruth League team won the championship in 2008.

Being a coastal city Norwalk is home to a great many water sports including recreational boating and fishing, sailing, windsurfing, and kayaking.The Norwalk River and inner Norwalk Harbormarker host rowingevents and organizations.Norwalk resident Daniel Walsh won a bronze medal in Beijingwith the U.S. Olympic rowing team in the 2008 Summer Olympics.

There are three golf courses in the city of Norwalk.

The cross town rivalry between the city's two largest high schools' sports teams can be ratherfierce, particularly for the football and field hockey teams in the fall; as well aslacrosse, baseball, and softball teams in the spring. McMahon high school's boys lacrosseteam went on to win the state division 2 lacrosse championship in 2000.

In professional team sports Norwalk is represented by the Connecticut Wildcatsmarker in the American National Rugby League.

Education

The current Superintendent of Norwalk Public Schools is Dr. Sal Corda.

The public school system has three high schools, each covering Grades 9 through 12: The oldest, Norwalk High Schoolmarker (founded in 1902) is the home of the Norwalk Bears. Brien McMahon High Schoolmarker (founded in 1960) is named for U.S. Senator Brien McMahon. The third is Briggs High Schoolmarker, which was named for Dr. Richard C. Briggs, who was superintendent of schools from 1971 to 1980. Briggs High School was formerly known as the Briggs Center for Vocational Arts and is an alternative to the two traditional high schools.

The city has four public middle schools, for grades 6-8: West Rocks Middle School and Nathan Hale Middle Schoolmarker, which feed into Norwalk High School, as well as Roton Middle School and Ponus Ridge Middle School, which feed into Brien McMahon High School.

There are twelve elementary schools in the Norwalk public school district: Brookside, Columbus Magnet, Cranbury, Fox Run, Jefferson, Kendall, Marvin, Naramake, Rowayton, Silvermine, Tracey, and Wolfpit. One charter school, Side by Side Community School, is located in South Norwalkmarker.

In 2006, three of the city's four middle schools and nine of its twelve elementary schools, along with a "community school" were cited as falling behind in standards for the federal "No Child Left Behind" Act. Three elementary schools had not met the standards for two years in a row, so students in those schools are offered the choice to go to a Norwalk public school that hasn't been designated as needing improvement.

Aside from public schools, there is also the private All Saints Catholic School, which offers preschool through 8th grade education; the Montessori Middle School for grades 5-8; and the Winston Preparatory School for grades 6-12, and starting in the fall of 2009 the Connecticut Friends School will offer classes for K-8.

Post-secondary education



Fire Department

The City of Norwalk is protected 24/7 by the professional fire fighters of the Norwalk Fire and Rescue Department. The Norwalk Fire and Rescue Department(NFD) operates out of five fire stations throughout Norwalk(and may soon operate a sixth station in the years ahead) and operate an apparatus fleet of nine engines(four of which are reserve engines), four trucks(two of which are reserve trucks), three rescues(two of which are reserve rescues), one tactical rescue, one haz-mat. rescue, one tanker, one fire boat, two command cars(one of which is a reserve command car), and support vehicles. The Norwalk Fire and Rescue Department responds to over 5,000 emergency calls a year.

Fire Station Locations

  • Fire Station # 1-Broad River-90 New Canaan Avenue
    • Truck 1
    • Engine 1
  • Fire Headquarters-Fire Station # 2-Central Norwalkmarker-121 Connecticut Avenue
    • Truck 2
    • Engine 2
    • Engine 9(Reserve)
    • Rescue 2
    • Tactical Rescue 2
    • Car 2
  • Fire Station # 3-East Norwalkmarker-56 Van Zant Street
    • Engine 3
  • Fire Station # 4-West Norwalkmarker-180 Westport Avenue
    • Engine 4
  • Fire Station # 5-South Norwalkmarker-23 Meadow Street
    • Engine 5
  • Apparatus Maintenance Facility-Central Norwalkmarker-Fairfield Avenue
    • Ladder 1(Reserve)
    • Truck 3(Reserve)
    • Engine 6(Reserve)
    • Engine 7(Reserve)
    • Engine 8(Reserve)
    • Rescue 1(Reserve)
    • Rescue 3(Reserve)
    • Haz-Mat. 2
    • Tanker 1
    • Car 3(Reserve)
    • Support Vehicles
  • Marine Division-South Norwalkmarker-Norwalk Police Dock
    • Marine 24


Emergency Medical Services

Norwalk is served 24/7 by Norwalk Hospitalmarker and Norwalk Hospital EMS, a progressive 911 paramedic service. The service consists of hospital based paramedics and EMT-Is who serve Norwalk as well as New Canaan, Wilton, Weston, and Westport. The service responded to over 9,500 medical emergencies in 2008 in the city of Norwalk and 6,000 in the neighboring communities.

Norwalk Hospital EMS is widely known as one of the top services in the state and region. Typically the ambulances respond out of Norwalk Hospitalmarker as the paramedics and EMT-I assist in the Emergency Department while not in the field. NHEMS works closely with other Norwalk first responders (Norwalk Fire and Police Departments).

Annual events

  • Norwalk Harbor Splash!, held in early June and started in 1995, the festival features arts and crafts booths, food vendors, music, a parade, and dragon boat races.
  • St. George Greek Orthodox Festival, held in early June, the festival features Greek delicacies, Pontic Greek dance exhibitions and a large carnival.
  • Round Hill Highland Games, a festival of Scottish culture and athletic events, was started in 1923 in Greenwich, CTmarker but interrupted during World War II, then restarted in 1952, and has been held in Norwalk's Cranbury Park on or around July 4 for a number of years. In 2006, the 83rd annual event attracted 4,000 people to hear bagpipes and watch the caber toss, the hammer throw, and other events; with athletes often wearing wool kilts. Games for children are also offered. Food and Scottish items are offered for sale. Organizers say the event is the third-oldest Scottish games festival in the United States.
  • SoNo Arts Celebration, held in mid-summer
  • Kayak for a Cause, a fund-raising event held every summer since 2000 at Calf Pasture Beachmarker.
  • The Norwalk Oyster Festival, held first weekend after Labor Day
  • Norwalk Boat Show, held in late September
  • The Lockwood-Mathews Mansionmarker Museum has hosted an annual antique show since 1978. In 2006 the show was held the last weekend in October and attracted dealers from Ohio and Pennsylvania as well as Connecticut.


Sites on the National Register of Historic Places

Rock Ledge estate in Rowayton


Norwalk sites and districts on the National Register of Historic Places include the Norwalk Green Historic District (roughly bounded by Smith and Park Streets, Boston Post Road, East and Morgan Avenues). The district contains examples of Federal Style, Greek Revival, and Late Victorian architecture. (added 1987)

Another local site on the Register is the Former Joseph Loth Company Building (25 Grand St.). The building, since renovated as an apartment building and renamed "Clocktower Close" in the mid-1980s, has an -high Romanesque Revival clocktower(added 1984)These other sites are also on the Register: the Lockwood-Mathews Mansion (added 1970), the former Rock Ledge estate in Rowaytonmarker (1977), the Norwalk Museum (1995), and three lighthouses -- the Sheffield Island Lighthousemarker, Peck Ledge Lighthousemarker, the Onion domed, 1906 Moorish Revival building of Beth Israel of Norwalk/Westportmarker and Greens Ledge Lighthousemarker.

For additional Norwalk sites on the list, see South Norwalkmarker.

Media

Several publications regularly cover news in Norwalk, including two daily newspapers. The Hour is an independent daily newspaper based in Norwalk and founded in 1871. The Advocate , a unit of Hearst Corp. as of 2009, has a Norwalk edition, and the paper maintains a bureau on West Avenue. The Norwalk Citizen-News, local weekly owned by the Brooks Community Newspapers chain, now a subsidiary of Media News Group, also covers the city, and Rowaytonmarker is also served by a sister publication, the The Darien News-Review.

Rowayton is also covered by New Canaan-Darien & Rowayton magazine, a glossy monthly is owned by Moffly Publications. Canaiden LLC, which publishes Stamford Plus magazine in Stamfordmarker, started publishing Norwalk Plus magazine in 2006.

News 12 Connecticut, a 24-hour regional news channel covering events in southwestern Connecticut is based in Norwalk. News 12 Connecticut is owned and operated by Rainbow Media Holdings, Inc. Other broadcast media include three radio stations based in the city: WNLK-AM 1350 (1,000 watts) is owned by Cox Radio Inc. and shares all its programming with Stamford-ranged WSTC-AM 1400. WFOX-FM 95.9; 3,000 watts; "The Fox", is a classic rock station. WCTZ-FM 96.7, "The Coast", is formerly the oldies station "Kool 96.7".
  • Elsolnews.com, a community Spanish Language Weekly Newspaper covering news and events.


Infrastructure

Transportation

Public transportation

Bus
Public transportation within Norwalk is provided primarily by the Norwalk Transit District's "WHEELS" buses. The WHEELS buses offer extensive service in Norwalk and Westportmarker and the Norwalk Transit District operates services throughout southwestern Connecticut. The state run Connecticut Transit Coastal Link buses operate through Norwalk as part of the Stamford Division.
Rail
The Metro-North Railroad's main New Haven and Danbury branch linesboth run through Norwalk. Metro-North provides passenger and commuterservice to four stations within the city, with direct connections to New York Citymarker,Stamfordmarker, Bridgeportmarker, and New Havenmarker.The South Norwalkmarker station lies along the main line and is also the southernterminus of the Danbury branch line. The Rowaytonmarker and East Norwalkmarkerstations are along the New Haven main line. The Merritt 7marker station lies along theDanbury branch line. The New Haven line bridge over the Norwalk River is the only four trackswing bridge in the nation. The main line comprises a segment along Amtrak'sNortheast Corridor though the national passenger railroad does not provide serviceto Norwalk. The nearest stations that Amtrak does stop at are Stamfordmarker andBridgeportmarker. The Connecticut Department of Transportation'sShore Line East passenger service trains also run through Norwalk, though only a few SLEtrains stop at South Norwalk station. Shore Line East trains also stop at nearbyStamfordmarker and Bridgeportmarker stations.

Freight service over the rail lines in Norwalk is provided by CSX Transportation and the Providence and Worcester Railroad. During the week,over 200 trains a day pass through Norwalk.

Air
There is no scheduled air service directly into Norwalk, but there are airports nearby such as LaGuardia Airportmarker and John F. Kennedy International Airportmarker inNew York City; Newark Liberty International Airportmarker in Newark, New Jersey; Westchester County Airportmarker in Westchester County; Stewart International Airportmarker in Newburgh, New York; and Bradley International Airportmarker in Windsor Locks (near Hartford) Connecticut.Nearby general aviation airports include Danbury Municipal Airportmarker in Danbury, Sikorsky Memorial Airportmarker in Stratford, and the Tweed New Haven Regional Airportmarker in New Haven.

Roads and highways

Interstate 95 crosses through Norwalk, and there are several exits within the Norwalk city limits. The Merritt Parkway also crosses through Norwalk. Both of these roads are designated to be north/south routes, but through Norwalk, both of them primarily travel east/west. The major north-south artery is Route 7, which begins at Interstate 95. There is an exit to the Merritt Parkway, but only southbound towards New York Citymarker, as environmental activists have successfully blocked a full interchange between the two arteries. In northern Norwalk, Route 7 changes from a limited access, divided highway to an ordinary surface road. Originally, the intent was to build the "Super 7" highway (in a different place than the current Route 7), which would link Interstate 95 with Interstate 84 in Danburymarker, but environmental groups and slow-growth advocates succeeded in preventing this highway from being built (although the state of Connecticut continues to own the land to build the highway). Other state highways in Norwalk are Route 53, Route 123, and Route 136.

The Route 123 bridge over the Norwalk River, which was undergoing being replaced from August 2007 to August 2008, was one of 12 bridges in the southwestern part of the state (including New Haven) with safety inspection ratings so low they are (or were) considered to be in critical condition.

Utilities

Electricity in most of Norwalk is provided by the Northeast Utilities'sConnecticut Light and Power Company division (CL&P). However, within the secondmarker andthirdmarker taxing districts the taxing districts act as the local electric powerutility company. Residents of those districts are billed by the district. The districts in turn purchasewholesale power and arrange for its delivery to, and distribution within, the district. Power lines and meters inEast Norwalkmarker, South Norwalkmarker, and parts of Rowaytonmarker are maintained by line crews employed by the districtand they may be seen driving about in trucks with district logos. Both the second (SNEW) and third (TTD) district electric departments belong to the six memberConnecticut Municipal Electric Energy Cooperative which pools their wholesale power purchasing to obtain lower ratesfor customers. The history of municipal power in Norwalk extends back to the 1890s whenAlbert A. Winchester was an early and forceful advocate of it. In 1892 Winchester designed the city of South Norwalk'sgenerating station – remnants of which still lie along Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in South Norwalk in front of therailroad stationmarker.The newer power plant on Manressa Island (near the Harbor View neighborhood)does still generate power within the city. The Manressa generation plant was originallya coal fired plant but was converted to burn oil. It was operated up until the early2000s by CL&P but is now operated under contract by another company.In 2004 the third taxing district installed 3 diesel powered generators at theNorden complex on Norden Place that were initially licensed only for emergency power supply.By summer 2008 the generators, with a combined capacity of 6 Megawatts, had been upgraded toallow licensed operation as regular power providers for the grid (not just emergencypower).In 2007 and 2008 theconstruction of the Middletown-Norwalk transmission line disrupted traffic along the Boston Post Road, but thecompletion of the line is hoped to help CL&P to provide additional power to lower Fairfield County. In additiona high-voltage undersea line runs from Manressa Island to Long Island to help provide electric power toLong Island Power Authority customers. In 2008 the city government of Norwalk started initial investigationsof whether the city might resume generating power for sale to electricity customers in the city.

Natural gas is provided by Northeast Utilities' Yankee Gas subsidiary.

Water in most of the city is provided by the Aquarion Water Company from reservoirs in Wilton.In the firstmarker and secondmarker taxing districtsthe taxing districts act as the local water utility provider.

Notable people, past and present

Notable residents and others connected to Norwalk include Andy Rooney, commentator on 60 Minutes, who lives in Rowaytonmarker, as does author Philip Caputo. A. Scott Berg, an award-winning biographer of celebrities was born in Norwalk, as was Sloan Wilson, author of The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit. Johnny Gruelle, artist and author, creator of Raggedy Ann, lived in town before he moved to Wiltonmarker. Historian Stephen W. Sears lives in Norwalk.

Frances Dee (1909-2004), an actress, died in the city, as did actress Eileen Heckart. Big Band composer Arthur Shaw lived in Norwalk in the 1950s. Bruce Weitz, an actor best known for playing Sgt. Michael "Mick" Belker on the 1980s television program Hill Street Blues, was born in Norwalk. Actor Treat Williams is from Rowaytonmarker. Jazz-piano great Horace Silver was also born in Norwalk. Broadway actors Remy Zaken (who played Thea in Spring Awakening) and Robin de Jesús (who plays Sonny in In The Heights) are from Norwalk.

Multi-Grammy award winner Vince Mendoza was born and raised in Norwalk. Randy LaJoie, a NASCAR driver, is from Norwalk, as is Calvin Murphy, a former NBA basketball player (who is now in the NBA Hall of Fame), and baseball player Mo Vaughn. The late Bob Miller an NFL player with the Detroit Lions was born in the city. Two Medal of Honor recipients came from Norwalk: John D. Magrath in World War II and Daniel J. Shea in the Vietnam War. Edward Calvin Kendall who won the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was born in South Norwalk.

Movies filmed in Norwalk

Full-length features and documentary movies, partially filmed or completely taking place in Norwalk, listed in reverse chronological order:



Trivia



References

  1. Census table on numbers of foreign born
  2. The fields at Calf Pasture Beach are illuminated.
  3. and the are two such rowing organizations.
  4. The Shorehaven club is a private club in East Norwalk, the Silvermine club is a private club in Silvermine (part of the course lies in the town of Wilton), and the Oak Hills Park golf course is a public course in West Norwalk.
  5. "Great Scots: Kilts and cabers fly at the 83rd annual Highland Games", no byline, article in The Advocate of Stamford, July 2, 2006, pages A3, A4
  6. "Antiques show will benefit museum" in "Area briefs" feature, The Advocate of Stamford, October 25, 2006, page A18, Stamford edition, "... the 29th annual Lockwood-Mathews Antiques Show ..." Remember, if the 29th was held in 2006, the first would have been held in 1978, counting must be done the way we count centuries such as the "first century" from the years 1-100 AD.
  7. [1]National Parks Service Web site, Web page on Fairfield County, Connecticut places on the National Register of Historic Places, accessed September 12, 2006
  8. [2]"Postings: Norwalk Conversion" unsigned article in New York Times on February 3, 1985, accessed September 9, 2006
  9. Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, article reprinted from The Hartford Courant, August 5, 2007, pp1, A6
  10. Nickerson, John, "Chase Scene / Police: Man speeds through Oprah movie set", news article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, Norwalk edition, pp A9-A10
  11. Road Trip' hits the highway", photographs and long caption in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, Norwalk and Stamford editions, July 17, 2007, page 1
  12. "Star-Struck over Uma," article by Alexandra Fenwick in The Advocate of Stamford, August 16, 2006
  13. http://www.silverminetavern.com/currentevents.htm


External links

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