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Huron County Courthouse in downtown Norwalk, Ohio
Norwalk Public Library in downtown Norwalk, Ohio.
Norwalk is a city in Huron Countymarker, Ohiomarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 16,238 at the 2000 census. The 2007 population estimate puts Norwalk at 16,596. It is the county seat of Huron Countymarker .

History

Norwalk is at the center of a subregion in Ohio's Western Reserve commonly known as the Firelands. The sub-region's name recalls the founding of the area as one for settlers from cities in Connecticutmarker that were burned during the Revolutionary War. Several locations in the Firelands area were named in honor of those cities (e.g. Greenwichmarker, Grotonmarker, New Londonmarker, Norwalk, Norwichmarker, Ridgefieldmarker, etc.) as well as the names of settlers (e.g. Clarksfieldmarker, Perkinsmarker, Shermanmarker, etc.).

Geography

Norwalk is located at (41.243024, -82.611371) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.2 km²), of which, 8.3 square miles (21.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (2.92%) is water. The city of Norwalk is bound by Norwalk Township in each direction and a small portion of the west side is bound by Ridgefield Township. The city is located approximately 11 miles south of Lake Eriemarker.

Demographics

At the 2000 census , there were 16,238 people, 6,377 households and 4,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,950.3 per square mile (752.6/km²). There were 6,687 housing units at an average density of 803.1/sq mi (309.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.53% White, 1.95% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.86% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population.

There were 6,377 households of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

Age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median household income was $37,778, and the median family income was $45,789. Males had a median income of $36,582 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,519. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The U.S. interstate highway system is easily accessible from Norwalk. Interstate 80 and Interstate 90 , also known as the Ohio Turnpike is approximately 3.5 miles north of Norwalk's city limits with an interchange on U.S. Route 250. Furthermore, the interstate-standard highway, State Route 2 , is also accessible to Norwalk.

The U.S. federal highways that run through Norwalk include Route 20 (part of the Norwalk bypass on the south side of town), which connects Fremontmarker (via Bellevuemarker) from the west and Elyriamarker from the east; and Route 250 (known locally as Milan Avenue, East League Street, Whittlesey Avenue, and Benedict Avenue), which connects Sanduskymarker from the north (west) and Ashlandmarker from the south (east).

The state highways that run through Norwalk include Route 13 (multiplexed with Route 250), which connects Huronmarker from the north and Mansfieldmarker from the south; Route 18 (multiplexed with Route 20 on the bypass), which connects Bellevuemarker from the west and Medinamarker (via Wellingtonmarker) from the east; and Route 61 (known locally as Main Street), which connects Shelbymarker from the south and Berlin Heightsmarker as well as Lake Eriemarker from the northeast.

Furthermore, State Route 601 is an alternate two-lane highway that bypasses Norwalk and U.S. Route 250 to the east, running from State Route 113 in Milanmarker to State Route 18 a few miles east of Norwalk, next to Summit Racing Equipment Motorsports Park. Rumors exist which have State Route 601 being extended from State Route 18 south to U.S. Route 250 in Olena along Huron County'smarker Greenwich-Milan Townline Road.

One active railroad line runs through the western, central, and southeastern parts of town, the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad.

Education

Due to city annexations and previously determined school district boundaries, Norwalk is served by four public school districts. The majority of the city is served by the Norwalk City School District. Northern portions of the city, including areas north of Gallup Avenue, are located within the Berlin-Milan Local School District. Extreme western portions of the city, beyond the Sycamore Hills neighborhood, are located within the Monroeville Local School District. Also, extreme eastern portions of the city are within the boundaries of the Western Reserve Local School District. Residents of Norwalk who live in school districts other than the Norwalk City School District have the option to send their children to Norwalk City Schools because of open enrollment. Furthermore, Norwalk Catholic Schools and Saint Paul High Schoolmarker add to the educational options in Norwalk.

Notable facts



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