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Norwegian Royal Family: Map

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The Royal Family of Norway is the extended family of King Harald V of Norway. In Norway there is a distinction between the Royal House and the Royal Family. The Royal House includes only the King, Queen, those directly in line to the throne and their spouses. Members of the Royal House hold the style of either Majesty (HM) or Royal Highness (HRH) and their birthday is an official flag flying day. Princes and princesses of the Royal Family hold the style of Highness (HH).

History of the monarchy

Harald I was the son of one of Norwaymarker's regional rulers, descended from Swedenmarker's Yngling royal family. He defeated the other rulers to unite the country and become its first king. The Hereditary Kingdom of Norway, established by at least three separate genealogical lines of monarchs each allegedly descending from Harald I the Fairhair, was the only realm of medieval Scandinavia which was officially hereditary, not elective.

After the death of Haakon V of Norway, the crown passed to his grandson Magnus IV of Sweden. In 1397, Denmarkmarker, Norway, and Sweden formed the Kalmar Union under Queen Margaret I of Denmark who was married to Haakon VI of Norway and Sweden. She unofficially ruled all three countries until her death.

Swedenmarker seceded from the Kalmar Union ultimately in 1523. In 1469, the Norwegian king pledged Orkneymarker and Shetlandmarker to the crown of Scotlandmarker as mortgage for a dowry debt. In 1814, Denmarkmarker ceded Norway (but not its dependencies Iceland, Greenland and the Faroese) to Swedenmarker; in 1905, Norway became independent. Its new government offered the crown to Prince Carl, second son of Frederick VIII of Denmark. After being approved in a popular vote, Carl was crowned Haakon VII of Norway.

Norwaymarker is a constitutional monarchy.

List of members

Royal House



Royal Family

The Royal Family also includes:





Line of succession

Until 1990, only males could inherit the Norwegian throne (Salic law). In 1990, the succession law was changed so that the eldest child would succeed to the throne, regardless of gender (equal primogeniture). This change only affects those born in 1990 or later. For those born between 1971 and 1990, females were given succession rights, but their brothers would be before them in the line of succession (primogeniture). Females born before 1971 would still be excluded from the succession.

In practice this means that Princess Märtha Louise, despite being older than the Crown Prince, is placed after him and his children in the line. Princess Ragnhild and Princess Astrid are not in the line of succession: they were born before 1971, so Salic Law applies to them. However, Princess Ingrid Alexandra will be placed before her brother, because she was born after 1990.

The current line of succession includes:

  1. HRH The Crown Prince
  2. HRH Princess Ingrid Alexandra
  3. HH Prince Sverre Magnus
  4. HH Princess Märtha Louise
  5. Maud Angelica Behn
  6. Leah Isadora Behn
  7. Emma Tallulah Behn


Notes

1In 2002, the King (with Princess Märtha Louise's consent) removed Princess Märtha Louise's style of Her Royal Highness. This was meant to loosen connections with the Royal Family and her business life. However, she retains her title as a Norwegian Princess and her place in the line of succession and still carries out Royal duties on behalf of the King (though they are reduced).

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