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Nothofagus betuloides: Map

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Illustration from specimens collected by the Endeavour, Tierra del Fuego, 1769
Nothofagus betuloides (Magellan's beech) is an evergreen tree, up to 25 meters (82 feet), columnar appearance, in its natural environment it tolerates cold winters and absence of heat in summer. Found from sea level to 500 meters (1600 ft). It is sometimes known by the common name guindo.

It grows from southern Chile and southern Argentina (40° lat S) to Tierra del Fuegomarker (56° lat S), specimens from the southern forests resist temperatures down to −20°C (−4°F).

It succeeds in Scotlandmarker. Trees planted in Faroe Islandsmarker, which were imported directly from its southernmost distribution in Tierra del Fuegomarker, have turned out to be very hardy.

The wood has beautiful marks, is pinkish, hard, semi-heavy and is used in furniture and building.

References

  • Donoso, C. 2005. Árboles nativos de Chile. Guía de reconocimiento. Edición 4. Marisa Cuneo Ediciones, Valdivia, Chilemarker. 136p.
  • Hoffmann, Adriana. 1998. Flora Silvestre de Chile, Zona Central. Edición 4. Fundación Claudio Gay, Santiago. 254p.
  • Rodríguez, R. & Quezada, M. 2003. Fagaceae. En C. Marticorena y R. Rodríguez [eds.], Flora de Chile Vol. 2(2), pp 64-76. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción.



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