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Nová Baňa ( ; ) is a small town in the west of central Slovakia and the largest town of the Žarnovica District, located in the Banská Bystrica Region.


Nová Baňa lies in right bank of Hronmarker river. Nová Baňa region is surrounded by a ring of volcanic mountains (Štiavnica Mountainsmarker on the east, Pohronský Inovec on the south-west and Vtáčnikmarker on the north-west). Seven kilometers from Nová Baňa, close by the village Tekovská Breznicamarker, is the youngest volcano in Central Europe called Putnikov vŕšok.


Mining in this area started as early as in the 13th century. In 1337 it was first mentioned under the names Nove Montanie (hence the name Nová Baňa - "new mine") and Seunych. In that year, (probably German) burghers from Kremnicamarker and Pukanecmarker settled here, because gold was discovered in the area. In 1345 Nová Baňa became a "free royal mining town". The mines were closed down in 1887.


According to the 2001 census, the town had 7,505 inhabitants. 97.51% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 0.85 Ukrainians and 0.48% Czechs. The religious makeup was 82.53% Roman Catholics, 11.50% people with no religious affiliation and 1.00% Orthodox.


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