- For the town in Bulgaria see Novi Pazar,
Novi Pazar (Serbian: ÐÐ¾Ð²Ð¸ ÐÐ°Ð·Ð°Ñ, Novi Pazar;
Turkish: Yeni Pazar) is a
city and municipality located in the RaÅ¡ka District of Serbia at 43.15Â°
North, 20.52"Â° East, in the geographical region of SandÅ¾ak.
River RaÅ¡ka in Novi Pazar
According to the official
census in 1991, the municipality of Novi Pazar had 85,249
inhabitants, while in 2002 census, number of inhabitants of
municipality was 85,996. The city itself had a population of 54,604
Its name means "a new bazaar
" in the local
language (which is referred to as the Serbian language
by the Serb
Christian inhabitants of the area, and Bosnian language
by most of the Bosniak
Muslim inhabitants). The term is derived
ultimately from Turkish
"pazar" ("bazar" in Persian and "bazaar" in English) and
Serbian/Bosnian word "novi" ("new" in English) - Note that word
"pazar" is also used in Serbian/Bosnian to this day, but with
slightly different meaning. In Turkish
the name is Yeni Pazar
while in Albanian
it is Pazar
or Treg i Ri
is the main economic and cultural centre of the SandÅ¾ak region (with Bijelo Polje in Montenegro after it), located in the valleys of the JoÅ¡anica, RaÅ¡ka,
DeÅ¾evska, and Ljudska rivers at the elevation of 496m.
surrounded by the high lands of Golija and Rogozna mountains, as well as the PeÅ¡ter
The total area of about 100 settlements of the
municipality is 742 kmÂ².
A 5th century BC princely grave (with regalia, gold-silver jewelry,
beads, Attic pottery) of Greco-Illyrian type was excavated in a
mound near Novi Pazar.
probably began life as an informal trading enclave which had
spilled out from the nearby medieval capital of the Serbian
Kingdom, Ras (now Stari Ras). Ras was less
ideally placed for catching onto the passing trade from the trade
routes and major roads through the Balkans, and the establishment
of a trading community a few miles away at Novi Pazar would have
improved matters (and hence the name of the city).
was formally founded as a city in its own right in 1459-1461 by
Isa-beg IshakoviÄ, who was
also the founder of the city of Sarajevo.
first written document which mention Novi Pazar dates back to the
15th century, and describes the decision of Ragusan
Council to appoint a consul in
this town. That reinforces the idea that the town was
already developed back then, thanks to its outstanding geographic
position, as it was at the intersection of important roads leading
to Dubrovnik, NiÅ¡, Sofia, Constantinople, Salonica (Thessaloniki),
Sarajevo, Belgrade, and Budapest.
Many authors wrote about Novi Pazar and
noted that it was one of
the biggest towns in the Balkans in the 17th century.
The city was the capital of the Ottoman Sanjak
that existed between the 15th and the 20th
century. The father of the famous Ragusan (Dubrovnik)
BoÅ¡koviÄ from the 18th and 19th centuries, migrated from
Dubrovnik and came to Novi Pazar, where he spent the last
years of his life.
The name Novi Pazar (then Novibazar
) entered the
world encyclopÃ¦dias as a synonym for the SandÅ¾ak
region in 1878, the year when the
Congress of Berlin
entire region as "corpus separatum
named Sanjak of Novi Pazar
Sanjak of Novi Pazar was occupied and administered by Austria-Hungary
from 1878 to 1908.
it was returned to the Ottoman
Empire, which ruled this territory until it was lost to
Serbia in 1912 during the First Balkan War.
After World War I
, the town of Novi Pazar rapidly lost
The municipality of Novi Pazar includes the following settlements:
AluloviÄ, Bajevica, Banja, Bare, Batnjik, Bekova, Bele Vode,
Boturovina, BrÄani, Brestovo, Vever, Vidovo, VitkoviÄe, VojkoviÄe,
VojniÄe, Vranovina, VuÄiniÄe, VuÄja Lokva, Golice, Gornja TuÅ¡imlja,
GoÅ¡evo, GraÄanoviÄe, GraÄane, GrubetiÄe, DeÅ¾eva, DojinoviÄe, Drum,
Dolac, Doljani, DragoÄevo, DramiÄe, Å½unjeviÄe, ZabrÄe, Zlatare,
IvanÄa, Izbice, Jablanica, Javor, JanÄa, Jova, KaÅ¡alj, KovaÄevo,
KoÅ¾lje, Koprivnica, KosuriÄe, KruÅ¡evo, KuzmiÄevo, LeÄa, LopuÅ¾nje,
Lukare, Lukarsko, GoÅ¡evo, Lukocrevo, MiÅ¡ÄiÄe, Mur, Muhovo,
Negotinac, OdojeviÄe, Okose, Osaonica, Osoje, Oholje, Pavlje,
Paralovo, Pasji Potok, Pilareta, PobrÄe, PoÅ¾ega, PoÅ¾eÅ¾ina, Polokce,
Pope, Postenje, PrÄenova, Pusta TuÅ¡imlja, Pustovlah, Radaljica,
RajetiÄe, RajkoviÄe, RajÄinoviÄe, RajÄinoviÄka Trnava, Rakovac,
Rast, SebeÄevo, SitniÄe, Skukovo, Slatina, Smilov Laz, Srednja
TuÅ¡imlja, Stradovo, Sudsko Selo, Tenkovo, Trnava, Tunovo, Hotkovo,
CokoviÄe,ÄaÅ¡iÄ Dolac, Å avci, Å aronje, Å titare and ZaguljaÄa.
Faculty for Islamic studies in Novi
Ethnic groups in the municipality
According to the 2002 census data, the population of the Novi Pazar
municipality numbered 85,996 people, and it was composed of:
Ethnic groups in the city
According to the 2002 census data, the population of the Novi Pazar
city numbered 54,604 people, and it was composed of:
According to the data of Red Cross and NGOs, the city hosts about
6,000 Serb refugees from Kosovo, Macedonia, Bosnia, and
Note, in the year of 2005 the city had over 100.000 inhabitants.
More likely figure is 125.000 for the urban city.
Settlements by ethnic majority
Settlements with Bosniak ethnic majority are: Casic Dolac, Hotkovo,
Trnava, Slatina, Sitnice, Sebecevo ,Rajcinovicka Trnava,
Rajcinovice, Pozega, Pobrdje, Paralovo, Oholje, Osoje, Novi Pazar,
Muhovo, Mur, ZaguljaÄa, Oholje, Lukarsko Gosevo, Lukare, Leca,
Krusevo, Kozlje, Janca, Izbice, Ivanca, Vucja Lokva, Varevo,
Brdjani, Bijele Vode, Banja, and Bajevica.
According to the 1953 census data, the population of the Novi Pazar
municipality numbered 53,331 people, and it was composed of:
Note that present-day Bosniak population in 1953 had declared
itself either as Serb, Turkish or Yugoslav.
According to the 1991 census data, the population of the Novi Pazar
municipality numbered 85,249 people, and it was composed of:
Most of those who in 1991 census declared themselves as Muslims by nationality
, in the next
census in 2002 declared themselves as Bosniaks, while the smaller
number of them still declare themselves as Muslims by
After the last municipal election held in May 2008 local assembly
seats are delivered as following:
Stranka demokratske akcije (18)
Srpska lista (6)stranka republikanaca
Serb Orthodox monastery of SopoÄani, the foundation of St. King UroÅ¡ I, built in the second half of the 13th
century and located west of Novi Pazar, is a World Heritage Site since 1979
accompanying with Stari
Ras (Old Ras), a medieval capital of the Serbian great
Å¾upan Stefan Nemanja.
The city also houses an old church from the 9th century, the church
of St. Peter
, referred to as Petrova
, which suffered offensive graffiti by ethnic Bosniaks in
April 2008. On a hilltop overlooking Novi Pazar is the 12th century
monastery of ÄurÄevi stupovi
, long left in ruin, but
recently restored and with a monastic community using it, with
plate glass to keep out the weather and preserve the fine frescos.
The fine main mosque
of the city, the
Altun-Alem mosque, is the largest in this region of the Balkans and
dates from 16th century. There are various other historic Ottoman
buildings, such as the fine 17th century Amir-agin Han
, a 15th century Hammam
, and the 15th century Turkish fortress (all
gone but the walls, the site of which is now a pleasant walled park
in the city centre).
The city's football club FK Novi Pazar
was founded in 1928, under the name "FK SandÅ¾ak
", which later changed to "FK DeÅ¾eva
". The club has played under its current
name since 1962, when FK DeÅ¾eva
another local football club, FK Ras, unified under this name.
was a SFRJ amateur champion, and a member of the Yugoslav
FK Novi Pazar qualified for a promotion
play-off spot twice, but lost both times. To FK Sutjeska NikÅ¡iÄ
in 1994, and
to FK Sloboda UÅ¾ice
To the English-speaking world, Novi Pazar is perhaps most familiar
because it is the subject of a song in the Thomas Pynchon novel
"Nobody knows where it is on the mapWho'd ever think it could start
such a flap?Each Montenegrin and Serbian too,Waitin' for something,
right outa the blue - oh honey!Pack up my Gladstone
'n' brush off my suit,And then light
me up my big fat cigar -If ya want my address,It's that Orient Express
To the sanjak of Novi