Nueva Esparta (New
Sparta) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It
Island, Coche, and
is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast
Caribbean coast of Venezuela.
It is the only insular
state of Venuezuela. Its name comes from the heroism shown by its
inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of
Independence, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of
island of Margarita alone has an area of 934 km². In 1909 the state
was constituted and in 1947 the island of Cubagua was added.
capital city is La
Asunción, but the
main urban center is Porlamar.
important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar (home of the
Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras,
Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del
was also the name of a Destroyer Class
, it was the
leader of 1st Destroyer Division, a British built for Venezuela
naval forces in the 50's.
1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777
formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela.
dependent on the Royal Audiencia of
Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada
(Virreinato de Nueva Granada). In 1821, when the
Greater Colombia was created, the
Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions.
When the Republic
of Venezuela arose in
1830, it was one of its 13 original provinces. In 1864, when the
country was divided into 20 states and a Federal District,
Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta
. In 1881
its status was changed to be a mere section of the Greater
Guzmán Blanco State
from 1889 to
1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was
restituted, it retook the name of New Sparta
, but again
lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in
the Federal District as "Eastern Section". Finally, in 1909 it
recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it annexed the
island of Cubagua territory.
Table of Municipalities
|| Division of Nueva Esparta
|Antolín del Campo
||La Plaza de
||Parroquia San Juan
||El Valle del
||San Pedro de Coche
|1) the western
|2) including Cubagua
|3) coincident with Coche
States of Venezuela
- http://www.gobernaciondenuevaesparta.com/ State government