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Nuremberg Diary (ISBN 0-306-80661-4) is Gustave Gilbert's account of and interviews he conducted during the Nuremberg Trialsmarker of Nazi leaders, including Hermann Göring, involved in World War II and the Holocaust. Gilbert served as a prison psychologist in Nuremberg, where he had close contact with those on trial. The text is the verbatim notes Gilbert took immediately after having conversations with the prisoners, information backed up by essays he asked them to write about themselves. Parts of the diary was published in 1947, and the whole thing was published in 1961, just before the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalemmarker.

An excerpt

Göring: Why, of course, the people don't want war. Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece?

Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia, nor in Englandmarker, nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship.

Gilbert: There is one difference. In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars.

Göring: Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country.

This excerpt was notably used by United States Senator Robert Byrd on October 17, 2003 during a speech on the floor of the Senate criticizing President George W. Bush's declaration of war against Iraq.

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