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This article is about the township of Nutley in New Jersey. For the village in East Sussex, see Nutley, East Sussexmarker.


Nutley is a township in Essex Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 27,362. For 2008, the population of Nutley is estimated to be over 30,000 residents.

What is now Nutley was originally incorporated as Franklin Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 18, 1874, from portions of Belleville Townshipmarker. Nutley was incorporated as a Town on March 5, 1902, replacing Franklin Township. Nutley was one of several Essex County communities that changed to the Township type during the 1970s in order to qualify for federal revenue-sharing aid only available to townships. Nutley derived its name from the estate of the Satterthwaite family, established in 1844, which stretched along the Passaic River and from an artist's colony in the area.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Nutley as its 38th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

Geography

Nutley is located at (40.819600, -74.158770).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km2), of which, 3.4 square miles (8.7 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (1.75%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 27,362 people, 10,884 households, and 7,368 families residing in the township. The population density was 8,123.0 people per square mile (3,134.9/km2). There were 11,118 housing units at an average density of 1, 273.8/km2 (3,300.6/sq mi). The racial makeup of the township was 87.95% White, 1.87% African American, 0.05% Native American, 7.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.69% of the population. The population of Nutley, as well as its ethnic and racial diversity has significantly grown since the 2000 census. According to Applied Geographic Solutions, as of 2009, the town's population was 27,019, and the racial makeup of Nutley was 80.1% Italian, 8.6% Asian or Pacific Islander, 6.6% African American, and 4.7% from other races.

As of the 2000 census, 36.0% of town residents were of Italian ancestry, the 12th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and fifth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.

There were 10,884 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $59,634, and the median income for a family was $73,264 (these figures had risen to $76,729 and $96,403 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $51,121 versus $37,100 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,039. About 3.4% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Nutley's population grew between the 1920s and 1960s due to a large influx of Italian immigrants and Italian-Americans. Today, 44.5% of Nutley is of Italian descent, per data from the 2000 Census

History

Former railroad station at Franklin Avenue
The town of Nutley grew slowly as the Village of Newark developed. The first European settler in the area, recorded in the minutes of a Newark town meeting in 1693, was a Dutch painter named Bastian Van Giesen. His house still stands today on Chestnut Street and is the location of the Nutley Women's Club. John Treat and Thomas Stagg purchased lots adjacent to Van Geisen's in 1695 and 1698 respectively. The first brownstone quarry in Nutley is believed to have been in operation by the early 18th century and was the town's first major industry. Jobs at the brownstone quarry in the Avondale section of Nutley provided work for many Italian and Irish immigrants. Mills situated along the Third River in the area now known as Memorial Park I became Nutley's second major industry. John and Thomas Speer, Joseph Kingsland, and Henry Duncan all operated mills in the town during the 1800s. Current streets in Nutley are named after these mill owners. Henry Duncan built several mills throughout the town and established the village of Franklinville consisting of 30 homes and a few small businesses which later became the center of Nutley. One of Duncan's buildings has been modified and now serves as the town hall.

Nutley's current town historian, John Demmer, is the author of the book in the "Images of America" series titled Nutley; Demmer is also part of The Nutley Historical Society [18939], a not-for-profit organization dedicated to serve the educational, cultural and historical needs of the community. Several other passionate historical works on Nutley have been written by local historians, notably the late Miss Ann Troy's "Nutley: Yesterday - Today"; "Nutley" by Marilyn Peters and Richard O'Connor in the "Then and Now" series; and books about the Nutley Velodrome.

Government

Local representation

Nutley has operated a Commission form of government under the Walsh Act since 1912. Each of the five commissioners are elected on a nonpartisan basis to serve four-year concurrent terms (current terms of office all end on May 22, 2012). The commissioners also serve as department heads in addition to their legislative functions. The Commissioners elect one Commissioner as Mayor. Historically the Commissioner that receives the most votes is appointed Mayor. The mayor is only responsible for his or her departments and serves as the chair of the commission.

Nutley's current Commissioners are:

Federal, state and county representation

Nutley is part of New Jersey's 36th Legislative District and is in the Eighth Congressional District.

Franklin Avenue, a main shopping street

Politics

On the national level, Nutley leans toward the Republican Party. In 2008, Republican John McCain received 52% of the vote here, defeating Democrat Barack Obama.

Education

The Nutley Public Schoolsmarker serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are five elementary schools for students in grades K-6 — Lincoln (489 students), Radcliffe (365), Spring Garden (399), Washington (379) and Yantacaw (503) — John H. Walker Middle School for grades 7 and 8 (669) and Nutley High Schoolmarker for grades 9-12 (4,374).

Recreation

Nutley's parks include Booth Park, DeMuro Park, Father Glotzbach Park, Msgr Owens Park, Flora Louden Park, Kingsland Park, Memorial Park I, II, III, Nichols Park, and Rheinheimer Park. They offer fields for baseball, football, basketball,lacrosse, roller hockey, and soccer among other sports.

Operation Nutley Cares

After Hurricane Katrina devastated the central gulf coast region on August 29, 2005, Mayor Joanne Cocchiola and Commissioner Carmen A. Orechio reached out to local residents who wanted to help victims of the devastation, and formed the Operation Nutley Cares Committee. A decision was made to adopt Bay St. Louis, Mississippimarker as a sister city, Bay St. Louis, population 8,500, which sits just northwest of New Orleans, and had at least 60% of the community completely destroyed by Katrina and another 20% condemned. Monetary donations are still being accepted to help fund efforts to assist Bay St. Louis.

Corporate residents

Hoffmann–La Roche US-section is headquartered in Nutley, and was the site of the creations of the blockbuster medications Valium and Librium.

Noted residents

Nutley's rich history includes being the home to many notables:

Cultural references

  • Ed Sullivan gave out Nutley pillows, maroon satin with yellow-appliqued letters and fringe, as "boobie prizes" on his long-running television show.
  • Aerosmith played at the Nutley prom in the 1960s. Stated in Aerosmith's autobiography Walk This Way. [18940]
  • Iron Butterfly played at the 1971 Nutley High School Prom.
  • George Dorn, in The Illuminatus! Trilogy is described as having grown up in Nutley, with references to his childhood illustrating that the authors had more than a passing familiarity with the town.
  • Nutley native son, antiwar activist and Quaker, C(arl) J(ohn) Hinke became the last American arrested for the Vietnam War draft [18941] on December 12, 1976. He had moved to Canadamarker due to his pacifist convictions after being offered a one-way ticket to North Vietnam by Nutley's American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars chapters. Hinke was pardoned by Jimmy Carter on January 21, 1977 in his first official act as president.
  • In an episode of Saturday Night Live, Derek Jeter's Taco Hole is "just off Route 3" where "there's a place called Nutley New Jersey".
  • In the Schrödinger's Cat trilogy, Nutley High Schoolmarker and Nutley are mentioned in passing, with Nutley being the location of a "tapioca mine".
  • Weird NJ runs regular features on past and present Nutley destinations such as Franklin Avenue beat coffee house, Angelo Nardi's Villa Capri [18942] which town council tried to close for decades and various Nutley "old man" bars such as the Old Canal Inn [18943]. Nutley was also used as a shooting location for the 1999 film Weird N.J. [18944]
  • An episode of Comedy Central's "Strangers with Candy" was filmed at the Jim Dandys on Frankin Avenue.
  • The courtroom in NBC's television show Ed was an exact replica of Nutley's municipal courtroom. In addition, various locations in the township were used, including the outside of the Public Safety building.
  • The short-lived Fox television show Quintuplets was set in Nutley.
  • Part-time Nutley resident, celebrity homemaker Martha Stewart, has mentioned numerous times on her television shows, her childhood memories of Nutley. She also had a "Nutley Day" on her talk show Martha, in 2006.
  • Parts of episodes of Law & Order SVU were filmed in Nutley's Park Oval, Nutley's Park and Recreation Center and Nutley High School.
  • Nutley was referenced in the Futurama episode #210 "Put Your Head on My Shoulders" as the destination of the bus stop where Bender found all of the undesirable Valentine's Day dates for his dating service customers ("Can't hon', I gotta catch my bus back to Nutley.", "Excuse me, did you say '10:15 to Nutley'?" and "Anybody else for Nutley?"), in "The Beast With a Billion Backs" ("This place makes Nutley look like crap.") and in "Into the Wild Green Yonder" ("Beats Nutley on a Saturday night.")
  • Nutley was frequently mentioned and featured in HBO's hit series The Sopranos, and Soprano family associate Furio Giunta purchased a home in Nutley.
  • Nutley was also referenced by Archie Bunker a number of times on the TV show All in the Family (it's where Edith's family is from)--as in "I don't want to take the bus all way to Nutley, NJ to see your ......Family", spoken in the Archie Bunker whine.
  • The TV show Make Me a Super Model filmed an episode in the "Oval" (the nickname for the football/soccer/baseball field) of Nutley High School. The show's host, Tyson Beckford was also there with a few famous top models.


References

  1. "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 130 for Nutley, P. 128 for Franklin Township.
  2. "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
  3. Italian Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 9, 2007.
  4. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US3401353680&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C16000US3445495&_street=&_county=nutley&_cityTown=nutley&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  5. DP-2. Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  6. History of Nutley, accessed May 14, 2007.
  7. The Commission Form of Municipal Government, p. 53. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  8. Commission Form of Government, Township of Nutley. Accessed July 23, 2006.
  9. 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 62. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  10. http://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/results_2009_doe.html
  11. Data for the Nutley Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  12. Township of Nutley Parks Layout, accessed May 14, 2007.
  13. Roman, Mark B. "IF YOU'RE THINKING OF LIVING IN: NUTLEY", The New York Times, September 18, 1983. Accessed November 13, 2007.
  14. via Associated Press. "Julian Blake, 87, Comic Strip Artist, Dies", The New York Times, December 30, 2005. Accessed November 26, 2007.
  15. Bud Blake profile, King Features Syndicate, accessed April 5, 2007. "Blake was born in Nutley, N.J., and went to grammar school and high school there."
  16. Shooting of actor Blake's wife treated as homicide, CNN, May 7, 2001. "Blake, a native of Nutley, New Jersey, was born Mickey Gubitosi."
  17. Carol Blazejowski, New York Liberty. Accessed October 29, 2008. "Blazejowski resides in Nutley, NJ, with her family: Joyce, Lainey and Luke."
  18. "Rutgers fest marks its 20th", Asbury Park Press, February 10, 2008. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  19. History of Nutley, accessed April 21, 2007.
  20. Elan Carter, Playboy. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  21. Bickelhaupt, Susan. "Baptism by fire for NESN's Cervasio", The Boston Globe, March 16, 2007. Accessed December 4, 2007. "Cervasio, 32, grew up in Nutley, N.J., and her late grandparents were diehard Yankees fans."
  22. Du Bois, William Pène, Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed April 5, 2007. "Du Bois, the son of noted painter and art critic Guy Pène du Bois, was born on May 9, 1916, in Nutley, N.J. His family moved to France when he was 8..."
  23. Fox, Ron. " NUTLEY PROUD TO CALL FRASER A NATIVE SON", The Record , August 2, 1992. Accessed May 3, 2007. "Three years ago, the first induction ceremony for the Nutley High School Sports Hall of Fame was being planned. Word got around school that Ron Fraser, the University of Miami baseball coach, would be the guest speaker."
  24. Senator Furnari's legislative web page, New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive on October 13, 2003. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  25. Staff. John V. Kelly, The Star-Ledger, November 2, 2009. Accessed November 2, 2009.
  26. U.S. Senator Frank R. Lautenberg. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  27. Frederick Dana Marsh (1872-1961) Papers, 1900-1967, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Accessed April 4, 2008.
  28. Burnap, Campbell. "Obituary: Jackie Paris", The Independent, June 25, 2004. Accessed May 3, 2007. "Jackie Paris was born in Nutley, New Jersey, to an Italian family rather more interested in professional boxing than music. He graduated from the local high school two years ahead of the pianist Al Haig, but had already taken his first showbiz steps, as a juvenile song-and-dance act in vaudeville."
  29. Martha's childhood home for sale, CNN Money, July 7, 2004. "The house where Martha Stewart grew up in Nutley, N.J., is for sale"
  30. Alix (1892-1973), International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. Accessed April 5, 2008.
  31. Thompson, Kevin D. "THE SHORT, METEORIC RISE OF NICK ZANO", The Palm Beach Post, February 22, 2004.
  32. Richter deserves a big high five, The Record by Virginia Rohan, November 8, 2004. "On 'Quintuplets,' Richter plays Bob Chase, a Nu**tley family man who has one thing in common with Greta Garbo."


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