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Oakleigh is a suburb in Melbournemarker, Victoriamarker, Australia, 15 km south-east from Melbourne's central business districtmarker. Its Local Government Area is the City of Monash. At the 2006 Census, Oakleigh had a population of 6,876.

The area is traditionally known to have a strong Greek cultural influence, largely due to the influx of said immigrants to Australia in the mid-20th century; evidence of this is the Greek Orthodox church of Agioi Anargyroi and the eponymous college (located in neighbouring Hughesdalemarker but administered by the Oakleigh Greek Orthodox Community), and the Oakleigh Cannons football club which was established in 1972 by Greek immigrants.

The suburb has a thriving shopping district, with an abundance of butchers, bakeries, beauty salons, and specialty shops selling sweets. There are also several Greek-themed cafes that specialise in frappe.

History

Originally inhabited by the Kulin people, a grazing run was established in the Settled District east of Melbourne in the early 1840s, and the lease taken up by farmers John and Archibald McMillan. Scotchman's Creek Run, as it became known, was named after the Scottish settlers in the area in and near the run (including the McMillan, Campbell and McPherson families). By 1853, Scotchman's Creek was known as South Yarra Creek, due to the well known South Yarra Pound, built in the area in the early 1840s on behalf of the Government to collect stray livestock, and the associated South Yarra Inn. Part of the Parish of Mulgrave, County of Bourke, Oakleigh was first surveyed in 1853, and the first blocks of land were sold soon after. Oakleigh Post Office opened on 1 August 1854.

The Shire of Oakleigh was created in 1871 and a boom in settlement followed the opening of the Melbourne-Oakleigh railway line in 1877.

Oakleigh, along with Dandenong, soon became one of the closest large cities to Melbourne, and the key to its development was the railway line to Melbourne. Railway workshops, brick works (until 1953, the area supplied 20% of Melbourne's bricks), sand mining, and market gardens became the most important industries in Oakleigh at the end of the 19th century, and contributed greatly to its rapid growth. As a result, Oakleigh has a legacy of many large old buildings and institutions, mostly located between the main road at Dandenong Road, which once serviced the city, and the railway line.

Oakleigh Hall


The Oakleigh Hall (1906 formerly Mechanics Institute) which once served as the Town Hall, post office (1924) and courthouse (1934) still remain, as does a grandstand of the cricket and football oval. The Sacred Heart Church, a large Edwardian church with its twin copper dome, is still a landmark of the area and now part of a school.

The Convent of the Good Shepherd occupied the northernmost boundary of the city until it was demolished in the 1960 to make way for the development of the Chadstone Shopping Centremarker.

The Oakleigh General Cemetery was in operation from 1860 until 1960. It is situated in Oakleigh Pioneer Memorial Park.

Oakleigh Primary School No 1601 was established in 1875. The lower-school work in a renovated building (first opened in 1914). The middle and upper school work in the modern building (opened in 1977). The school opened a purpose built kindergarten in 2005 for 3- and 4-year old children.

The Oakleigh Motel, the first of its kind, and an example of Googie architecture was opened in time for the 1956 Summer Olympics. The building was on the Monash Council heritage register, however despite this the council granted given permission to demolish it. Heritage Victoria has since granted provisional heritage status to the building. The motel ushered in an era when the motor car dominated the city as Melbourne sprawled and expanded to absorb Oakleigh and also Dandenong into its ever expanding south eastern conurbation.

Roads

The main roads in Oakeigh are Dandenong Road (Princes Highway), which takes many residents to nearby Dandenongmarker and the Citymarker. Ferntree Gully Road is a major road also going to Ferntree Gullymarker via Scoresbymarker but Ferntree Gullymarker is quite a long distance from Oakleigh and is not the primary destination of this road. Ferntree Gully Road is also the main route that residents take when travelling to Belgravemarker to have a ride on Puffing Billy. Warrigal Road is a very major road travelling to Burwoodmarker.

Sport

The suburb has two main Australian Rules football teams the Oakleigh Chargers TAC Cup team and the Oakleigh District Football Club with a senior side competing in the Southern Football League. An association football club, the Oakleigh Cannons FC, competes in the Victorian Premier League.

Golfers play at the course of the Oakleigh Golf Club on Park Road.

See also



References

External links




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