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Oberhausen ( ) is a city on the river Emschermarker in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburgmarker (c. 12 km) and Essenmarker (c. 13 km). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausenmarker is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Schloss Oberhausen - inner courtyard with little castle.


Oberhausen was named for its 1847 train station which had taken its name from the Castle Oberhausen ( ). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs during its growth in the late 19th century. After becoming a city in 1901, Oberhausen incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by April 4, 1945.

Oberhausen was largely focused on mining and steel production until the 1960s. The last coal mine closed in 1992 and the large Thyssen iron and steel mill closed in 1997 (over 50,000 jobs). The Altenberg zinc factory ( ) closed in 1981, was taken over by the Rheinisches Industriemuseum ( ) in 1984, and opened in 1997.

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.

Demographics and Industry

The age breakdown of the population is 0-18, 18.2%; 18-64, 62.9%; >65, 18.9%; while the unemployment rate is 13.2% (January 2007) and the foreign population ratio is 12.4%.

Oberhausen performs chemical processing, mechanical engineering, and education. The "Neue Mitte Oberhausen" ( ) at the former site of the Thyssen mill has light industry.


Oberhausen has 4 "city centres", and Alt-Oberhausen, Sterkrade and Osterfeld are common town centres. The new city centre with its mall draws many people from more distant places as it also boasts a larger number of exceptional shops. Much of the city is composed of low- to medium-density residential areas, most of which date from the 1950s-1970s.


Oberhausen is well connected to the German motorway network.

Oberhausen Hauptbahnhofmarker is the main railway station in the city. Long-distance trains stop at the station (some even to Amsterdammarker and Baselmarker) as well as regional and local services. There are stations at Holten, Sterkrade and Osterfeld, catering for regional and local travel.

Nearby commercial airports are at Düsseldorf International Airportmarker (28 km), Dortmund Airportmarker (50 km) and Weeze Airportmarker (60 km).

The Rhein-Herne Canalmarker bisects the city, and the Ruhrmarker is in the city's south-west (river navigation uses a shortcut canal to the south).

Public Transport
The city-owned company "STOAG" provides an extensive coverage of bus and tram services. It is part of the VRR transport association covering the whole Rhine-Ruhr area.


With around 250 sports clubs Oberhausen has an active community. Local football club Rot-Weiss Oberhausen currently play in the second tier of the league.


Image:Gasometer Oberhausen aussen.jpg|Gasometer OberhausenmarkerImage:Schloss Oberhausen-vom Gasometer.jpg|View of Castle Oberhausen from the GasometerImage:Zeche Osterfeld-Paul-Reusch-Schacht.jpg|Old Mining Company 'Zeche Osterfeld'Image:Rheinisches Industriemuseum.jpg|Rheinisches Industriemuseum


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