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The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international football, consisting of Papua New Guineamarker, New Zealandmarker and island nations such as Tongamarker, Fijimarker and other Pacific Island countries. It promotes the game in Oceania and allows the member nations to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

Of the six worldwide confederations, the OFC is by far the smallest and is predominantly made up of island nations where football is not the most popular sport. Consequently, the OFC has little influence in the wider football world, either in terms of international competition or as a source of players for high-profile club competitions. In 2006, the OFC's largest and most successful nation, Australia, left to join the Asian Football Confederation, leaving New Zealandmarker as the largest federation within the OFC. The departure of Australia also left the OFC without a professional domestic league in any of its nations.

History

The confederation was formed in 1966. The founding members were the Australian Soccer Federation (now Football Federation Australia), New Zealand Soccer (now New Zealand Football), and the Fiji Football Association. In 1996 the OFC was confirmed as a full confederation and given a seat on the FIFAmarker executive. In 1998, the OFC unveiled a new logo and an official magazine, entitled The Wave. On May 24, 2004, New Caledonia became the 12th member of the OFC. On January 1, 2006, Australia left the OFC and joined the Asian Football Confederation.

Competitions

The winner of the OFC Football World Cup Qualifiers was allowed to compete in a two-legged home-and-away playoff with the team ranked fifth in the South American qualifying competition for a place in the 2006 World Cup. Since 1996, OFC members also play for the OFC Nations Cup, which is held every second year.

The OFC also organises the Oceania Club Championship, a competition that has received surprisingly high levels of media support within New Zealand in its debut season. It serves primarily to determine the Oceania representative at the FIFA Club World Cup. In 2007, the OFC replaced the current club competition with the Oceania Champions League which began in 2007. From 2007, the winner has no longer gained direct entry to the FIFA Club World Cup - but instead plays off against the host nation (currently Japan) champion for the final spot in the tournament. It is not clear whether this is permanent, or even if it could change if the Oceania entrant were to outperform entrants from other Confederations.

Of the federation's current teams, only New Zealand has ever competed on the world stage from the confederation, competing in the 1982 World Cup. Ex-founding member Australia has also competed in the World Cup finals, in 1974 and 2006. At the conclusion of Germany 2006, Australia's exit from the OFC was finalised (exiting formally on the 1 January 2006), being the last commitment of the transition before completely joining the Asian Football Confederation. The other minor exception to this has been the participation of the Solomon Islands in the 2006, 2007 and 2008 Beach Football World Cup.

In the 2004 OFC Nations Cup, which doubled as the Oceania qualifying tournament for the 2006 World Cup, the Solomon Islands unexpectedly made the finals after a 2-2 draw with Australia at the last round. This effectively denied New Zealand a place in the third group phase by one group point as Vanuatu had beaten New Zealand 4-2 in an early round upset of the second group phase. Australia won OFC Nation Cup final by beating the Solomons 5:1 in Honiara and 6:0 in Sydney to represent OFC in the FIFA Confederations Cup in Germany 2005 The two teams met again in a two-legged World Cup qualifying final in September 2005 for the right to play the AFC representative for a place in the World Cup finals; Australia won 9:1 on aggregate (7:0 at home and 2:1 away) and progressed to the Oceania - South America playoff. Australia won this playoff on penalties after a 1:1 aggregate score after both legs of the playoff and after extra time, and qualified for the World Cup.

List of competitions

Female



Futsal



Beach Soccer



World Cup Qualifiers

Oceania has sent representatives to the World Cup four times: Australia in 1974 and 2006, and New Zealandmarker in 1982 and 2010. However, Australia was not a member of the confederation in 1974, having withdrawn in order to apply to join the Asian Football Confederation. It rejoined the OFC in 1978. Neither Australia in 1974 nor New Zealandmarker in 1982 progressed beyond the first round, while Australia in 2006 advanced to the second round. OFC is the only FIFAmarker confederation that does not have a guaranteed spot in the World Cup finals (a major reason for Australia's leaving the confederation in 2006 to join Asia). Between 1966 and 1982, OFC teams joined the Asian zone qualification tournament, while from 1986 onwards, the winners of the Oceanian zone qualification tournament have to enter the Intercontinental Play-offs against teams from other confederations in order to gain a spot in the World Cup finals.
World Cup Qualifier(s) Notes
1930-1962 None No teams from Oceania entered.
1966 None Entered in Asia.
1970 None Entered in Asia.
1974 Australia Entered in Asia, qualified, and were eliminated in group stage.
1978 None Entered in Asia.
1982 New Zealand Entered in Asia, qualified, and were eliminated in group stage.
1986 None Australia lost to Scotland in the Intercontinental Play-offs. This is the first World Cup where Oceania was its own continent and thus did not partake in Asian qualification.
1990 None Israel (who played in the Oceanian zone for political reasons) lost to Colombia in the Intercontinental Play-offs.
1994 None Australia beat Canada, then lost to Argentina in the Intercontinental Play-offs.
1998 None Australia lost to Iran in the Intercontinental Play-offs.
2002 None Australia lost to Uruguay in the Intercontinental Play-offs.
2006 Australia Australia beat Uruguay in the Intercontinental Play-offs to qualify, progressed through group stage, lost in round of 16 to Italy. This is the first time any OFC country made it past the group stage.
2010 New Zealand New Zealand beat Bahrain in the Intercontinental Play-offs to qualify.


Qualifications by country

  • 2*:

  • 2:



(* - qualification as OFC members only).

Men's World Cup Finals

Legend
  • R2 – Round 2 (1982: second group stage, final 12; since 1986: knockout round of 16)
  • R1 – Round 1
  • Q - Qualified





Team

1930


1934


1938


1950


1954


1958


1962


1966


1970


1974


1978


1982


1986


1990


1994


1998


2002


2006


2010


2014
Total
R1 R2 2
R1 Q 2




Women's World Cup Finals




Team

1991


1995


1999


2003


2007


2011
Total
R1 R1 R1 4
R1 R1 2




Men's Confederations Cup Finals

Team

1992


1995


1997


1999


2001


2003


2005


2009


2013
Total
2nd 3rd R1 3
R1 R1 R1 3


See also



References



External links




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