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October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October retained its name (from the Latin "octo" meaning "eight") after July and August, after Julius and Augustus Caesar respectively, when the calendar was originally created by the Romans.

October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemispheremarker and spring in the Southern hemispheremarker, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Northern hemispheremarker and vice versa.

In common years January starts on the same day of the week as October, but no other month starts on the same day of the week as October in leap years.

October events and holidays

More events are listed on the individual dates of the calendar on this page.

Month-long observances

Cultural celebrations

Health observances


  • The month October has become famous as "Red October", due to the Russianmarker October revolution of 1917, although in the modern Gregorian calendar, the revolution started in November.
  • In the nineteenth century, the month of October was dedicated to the devotion of the rosary in Roman Catholic countries.
  • By the Slavs it is called “yellow month,” from the fading of the leaf; to the Anglo-Saxons it was known as Winterfylleth, because at this full moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.

October symbols

  • October's birthstone is the opal. The opal is thought to have the power to predict illness. This is because the opal responds to heat. If you are sick your temperature increases before signs of illness appear. The increased body heat causes the opal to lose its shine, leaving it dull and lacking color. It is also said that the opal will crack if it is worn by someone who was not born in October.
  • Its birth flower is the calendula.


  1. Chaudhury, Nilova. "October 2 is global non-violence day",, Hindustan Times, 15 June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-06-15
  4. Italian Heritage and Culture Month
  5. Polish American Center
  6. Celiac Awareness Month
  8. ADHA - October is National Dental Hygiene Month
  9. National Down Syndrome Society - October is Down Syndrome Awareness Month
  10. Observing Infertility Awareness Month
  11. The Domestic Violence Awareness Month
  13. APTA | National Physical Therapy Month
  14. Spina Bifida Association - Spina Bifida Association
  18. "SparkNotes: The October Revolution" (timeline), SparkNotes LLC, 2006, webpage: SN-5: accessed 2007-01-28.

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