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Odessa Oblast, also written as Odesa Oblast ( , translit. Odes’ka oblast’; also referred to as Odeshchyna— ), ( ) is an oblast (province) of south-western Ukrainemarker. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Odessamarker.

History

The evidence of the earliest inhabitants in the modern territory of the oblast come from settlements and burial grounds of Gumelnitsa, Tripolie and Usatovo culture including barrows and hoards of the Bronze Age. In the 1st millennium B.C. ancient Greek colonies, such as Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, Chersonesus, were founded on the North Black Sea Coast. Painted vessels, terracottas, sculptures, inscriptions, articles of craft art, represented in a museum, testify about prosperity of the antique civilization.

The culture of Scythian tribes inhabiting the Black Sea littoral steppes is represented by finds from settlements and burial grounds. There are weapon items, bronze cauldrons, other utensils, adornments. By the beginning of the 1st millennium A.D. the Sarmatians displaced the Scythians. In the 3rd–4th centuries A.D. the tribal alliance, represented by the items of Chernyakhov culture, was created. Since the middle of the first millennium the formation of Slavic people began. In the 9th century they were united into a state with Kievmarker as a centre. The Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs were the Slavs' neighbours during the different times. The period of the 9th–14th centuries is reflected by the materials from the settlements and cities of Kievan Rus', Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan Islandmarker.

Formerly ruled by the Ottoman Empire, the territory of the Odessa oblast passed into Russian and Soviet hands in various stages between the eighteenth century and 20th century. The Russian Empiremarker's expansion along the Black Seamarker coast led to the creation of the territory of Novorossiya, which was colonised by a variety of peoples, of whom the Russians were dominant. The Odessa oblast corresponds to the most westerly portion of "New Russia".

The oblast was created on 27 February 1932 as part of the Ukrainian SSR. It was expanded further in 1954 by absorbing Izmail Oblastmarker (formerly known as Budjak region of Bessarabiamarker).

Geography

The oblast occupies an area of around 33,300 square kilometres (12,850 square miles). It is characterised by largely flat steppes divided by the estuary of the Dniestermarker river. Its Black Seamarker coast comprises numerous sandy beaches, estuaries and lagoons. The region's soils are renowned for their fertility, and intensive agriculture is the mainstay of the local economy. The southwest possesses many orchards and vineyards, while arable crops are grown throughout the region.

Points of Interest



Economy

250


Significant branches of the oblast's economy are:

The region's industrial capability is principally concentrated in and around Odessa.

Demographics

The oblast's population (as of 2004) is 2.4 million people, nearly 40% of whom live in the city of Odessa.

Significant Bulgarian (6.1%) and Moldovan or Romanian (5%) minorities reside in the province. There is a small Greek community in the city of Odessa.

Bulgarians and Moldovans / Romanians represent 21% and 13% respectively, of the population in the region of Budjak, within Odessa oblast.

Subdivisions

Detailed map of Odessa Oblast.


The Odessa Oblast is administratively subdivided into 26 raions (districts), as well as 7 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyimarker, Illichivskmarker, Izmailmarker, Kotovskmarker, Teplodarmarker, Yuzhnemarker, and the administrative center of the oblast, Odessamarker.

Raions of the Odessa Oblast
In English In Ukrainian Administrative Center
Ananyivskyi Raion Ананьївський район

Anan'yivs'kyi raion
Ananyiv

(City)
Artsyzkyi Raion Арцизький район

Artsyz'kyi raion
Artsyzmarker

(City)
Baltskyi Raion Балтський район

Balts'kyi raion
Baltamarker

(City)
Berezivskyi Raion Березівський район

Berezivs'kyi raion
Berezivka

(City)
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion Білгород-Дністровський район

Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyi raion
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyimarker

(City)
Biliayivskyi Raion Біляївський район

Biliayivs'kyi raion
Biliayivka

(City)
Bolhradskyi Raion Болградський район

Bolhrads'kyi raion
Bolhrad

(City)
Frunzivskyi Raion Фрунзівський район

Frunzivs'kyi raion
Frunzivka

(Urban-type settlement)
Ivanivskyi Raion Іванівський район

Ivanivs'kyi raion
Ivanivka

(Urban-type settlement)
Izmailsky Raion Ізмаїльський район

Izmails'kyi raion
Izmailmarker

(City)
Kiliyskyi Raion Кілійський район

Kiliys'kyi raion
Kiliamarker

(City)
Kodymskyi Raion Кодимський район

Kodyms'kyi raion
Kodyma

(City)
Kominternivskyi Raion Комінтернівський район

Kominternivs'kyi raion
Kominternivske

(Urban-type settlement)
Kotovskyi Raion Котовський район

Kotovs'kyi raion
Kotovskmarker

(City)
Krasnooknianskyi Raion Красноокнянський район

Krasno-oknians'kyi raion
Krasni Okny

(Urban-type settlement)
Liubashivskyi Raion Любашівський район

Liubashivs'kyi raion
Liubashivkamarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Mykolaivskyi Raion Миколаївський район

Mykolayivs'kyi raion
Mykolaivkamarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Ovidiopolskyi Raion Овідіопольський район

Ovidiopols'kyi raion
Ovidiopolmarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Reniyskyi Raion Ренійський район

Reniys'kyi raion
Renimarker

(City)
Rozdilnianskyi Raion Роздільнянський район

Rozdil'nians'kyi raion
Rozdilna

(City)
Saratskyi Raion Саратський район

Sarats'kyi raion
Saratamarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Savranskyi Raion Савранський район

Savrans'kyi raion
Savranmarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Shyriayivskyi Raion Ширяївський район

Shyriayivs'kyi raion
Shyriaieve

(Urban-type settlement)
Tarutynskyi Raion Тарутинський район

Tarutyns'kyi raion
Tarutynemarker

(Urban-type settlement)
Tatarbunarskyi Raion Татарбунарський район

Tatarbunars'kyi raion
Tatarbunarymarker

(City)
Velykomykhailivskyi Raion Великомихайлівський район

Velykomykhailivs'kyi raion
Velyka Mykhailivka

(Urban-type settlement)


Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" ( , translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Odessa is the center of the Odes’ka oblast’ (Odessa Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Odessa Oblast, Odeshchyna.

References

  1. Results of the 2001 All-Ukrainian population census for the Odessa oblast


See also



External links




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