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Ogata Kōan (緒方洪庵; August 13 1810 - July 25 1863) was a Japanesemarker physician who lived in the Edo period.

He is well-known for importing Western medical knowledge into Japan during Japan's isolationist era (see Rangaku), and for establishing the Tekijuku (適塾) school that later developed into Osaka Universitymarker in 1938. Ogata used his small but precious collection of Dutch books, including a Dutch-Japanese dictionary and a Dutch encyclopedia, to teach his pupils to read scientific Dutch texts.

His house still exists in downtown Osaka. Built in a conventional eighteenth-century style, the students left their mark on the central post of the second-flour classroom, slashing and hacking it with their swords.

Famous alumni

Alumni of the Tekijuku include Fukuzawa Yukichi, Ōmura Masujirō, Otori Keisuke, Takeda Ayasaburō, and the manga artist Tezuka Osamu's ancestor Tezuka Ryōan.


He was the author of "Byogakutsūron" (病学通論), which was the first book on pathology to be published in Japan.


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